Alexander Livingstone arrived in Australia in 1821 as
Chief Officer on the
Jessie. Also on board were
Henry Dangar and
Robert Coram Dillon.
Alexander Livingstone proceeded to Newcastle in 1822
and like many others arriving in these years, after
alighting at the wharf at Newcastle probably boarded a
ketch or rowing boat to travel up River to select his
He received a grant in 1823 of 1075 acres
situated near Hinton and adjoining the grant of
James McClymont. He later increased this holding to
2000 acres by purchase. Here he built Bowthorne House.
He was also granted land near
Captain Livingstone commanded several coastal
cutters such as the Sally and Eclipse
and then became the Master of the famous little packet
Lord Liverpool which had been purchased by
T.W.M. Winder and
George Williams in
The Lord Liverpool carried
mail, cargo such as wool and coal from Newcastle, and
passengers to and from Sydney.
In 1826 Alexander married Mary Dillon who arrived
on the Francis in 1823, sister of
Robert Coram Dillon and probably resided in Sydney at this time.
The Lord Liverpool was
William Powditch in 1830 and Captain Livingstone
retired to 'the comforts of shore, with unanimous good
wishes of a large circle of friends'.
house was built
with extensive gardens and vineyards facing the River.
The house itself was built of stone and consisted of ten
rooms. There were servants quarters, stone dairy, wheat
silos, coach house, overseer's house, provisions stores,
stables, stock yards and huts.
The estate was
auctioned in 14 lots in 1843 after Alexander Livingstone
ran into financial difficulties in the drought and
depression. (1) Bowthorne House was situated on lot 1
and consisted of about 140 acres.
Alexander Livingstone remained in the area. He donated
three allotments of land for a Church at Hinton in 1845,
and in 1846 he was involved in Regattas at Hinton and
Stockton. He was appointed
Harbour Master and
Pilot at the port of Newcastle in August 1846. It
was stated that his thorough acquaintance with the
harbour and his long connection with the Hunter district
were an ample guarantee that he would discharge his
duties efficiently and faithfully.
he was one of the townsfolk involved in organising a reception for the
Governor Sir Charles Fitzroy on his Excellency's visit
Alexander Livingstone died in 1867....The
funeral took place on Friday afternoon, shortly after
two o'clock. He expired at his residence, East Maitland,
and his remains were conveyed to Newcastle by the midday
train, for interment in the Presbyterian burial ground
Cottage Creek Bridge. The cortege was met at the
Honeysuckle Point station by a number of friends of the
deceased, who had assembled for the purpose of attending
the funeral. Throughout Thursday and Friday the whole of
the vessels in port, as well as most of the principal
stores in the city had their flags half mast high, as a
tribute of respect to the deceased gentleman..
..Digital Collections (2)
(1) Mitchell, Cecily
Joan (1973). Hunter's River : a history of early
families and the homes they built in the Lower Hunter
Valley between 1830 and 1860. Administrator of the
Estate of Cecily Joan Mitchell, Newcastle West, N.S.W.
(2) Cross, Joseph. Map of the River
Hunter, and its branches [cartographic material]1828
Maitland Mercury 13 August 1867