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Colonial Events 1831

 

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Lieutenant General Ralph Darling Governor until 21 October

 

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Estimated 21,000 convicts

January 5......

 
Capture of Bushranger Walmsley, companion of Webber and 'Bold Jack' Donohue. Captured by 4 mounted troopers at Mr. Campbell's farm Mt. Philo on the Western Road. When captured wearing a blue silk jacket and carrying a very fine pair of silver mounted pistols. Taken to the watchhouse and secured by a chain and ring attached to the wall.

 

 

February......

 

Riot at the Female Factory at Parramatta

 

 

February 7......

 
Arrival of the convict ship York . Capt. Leary.  Surgeon Campbell France.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the York

February 22......

Arrival of the convict transport Edward, Captain James Gilbert

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Edward

 

 

 

March 4......

 

Arrival of the convict ship Lady Harewood  Captain Richard Stonehouse.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Lady Harewood

 

 

March 11......

Arrival of the barque Kains from London with female prisoners. Capt. Goodwin. Surgeon J. Clarke.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Kains

 

 

 

March 31......

Surprise steamboat launched in Neutral Bay - first steam boat in the country

April 5.......

Arrival of the convict ships Earl of Liverpool. Capt. F.B. Manning

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Earl of Liverpool

April 6......

Charles Cowper appointed clerk to the commissioners for managing the affairs of the church and School Estates.

April 18......

The Sydney Herald first issued.

April 30......

 

Arrival of the convict ship Waterloo  from Dublin,  Surgeon W.H. Trotman.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Waterloo

 

 

April 16.......

Government Order published, prohibiting the importation of preserved heads of New Zealanders.

The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia

 

Text not available

 

 

 

May 16......

 

Celebrations by 39th regiment on the anniversary of the Battle of Albuera

 

 

 

May 14......

 

 
Steamer Sophia Jane arrived in the colony as a square rigged schooner.

 Text not available
THE MECHANICS' MAGAZINE, MUSEUM, REGISTER, JOURNAL, AND GAZETTE

 

 

 

May......

 

 
News arrives in Sydney of the death of Capt. Barker of 38th Regt., late Commandant at King Georges Sound

 Text not available
The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia

 

 

 

June 18......

Steamer Sophie Jane entered the Hunter River from Sydney.

June 18......

 

Surveyor Felton Matthew working from Newcastle

 

June......

 

 
Sir Richard Bourke appointed governor of New South Wales

 

June 25......

John Kinchela appointed attorney General of N.S.W

June 26......

 

 

Arrival of the convict ship Eleanor

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Eleanor

Select here to find out more about some of the convicts who arrived on the Eleanor

 

 

 

July 21......

Death of explorer Henry Hacking

July 25......

Arrival of the convict ship Camden, Capt. Fulcher.  Surgeon Superintendent David Boyter.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Camden

 

 

 

July 27......

 

Arrival of the convict ship Georgiana  Capt. Thompson. Surgeon John Tarn. Guard -

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Georgiana

 

July 28......

Arrival of the convict ship Exmouth, Capt. Warren

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Exmouth

 

 

July 29......

Charles James Windeyer appointed Assistant Police Magistrate of Sydney

July 31......

 

Arrival of the convict ship Palamban  from Cork, Capt. Willis.  Surgeon Alick Osborne.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Palambam

 

 

 

July 31......

Twenty one prisoners from India arrived on the Caroline. Most had been in the army.

Find out more about the voyage of the Caroline HERE 

 

 

August......

 
New regulations abolish land grants and fix price for Crown land at minimum 5/- per acre. Land auction sales introduced in NSW

 

 

 

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Revenue from land fund to be used for loans to migrants. NSW begins assisted immigration to the colonies

Text not available
The British and Foreign Review Or, European Quarterly Journal ...

 

 

August 1.......

Mutiny on board ship Eleanor in Sydney Harbour

 

 

August 22.......

Eclipse of the moon.

September......

Rev. G.A. Middleton begins advertising his soon to opened 'Academic Establishment' near Sydney........

The Australian Friday 2 September 1831........
Academic Establishment For the GENERAL EDUCATION of YOUNG GENTLEMEN, meditated by the Rev. G.A. Middleton (of Westminster School, subsequently, exhibitioner of St. John's College, Cambridge, and late Chaplain of Newcastle

TERMS: Under six years of age. 25 guineas per annum Between six and eight 30 ditto Above eight 35 ditto Washing 2 ditto
One quarter's payment in advance, and one quarter's notice previous to the removal of any pupil from the establishment.
The education will be a general one, embracing the Latin and Greek language, on the approved principles adopted at the College School of Westminster.
There will be two vacations annually; one annual examination, at which the presence of parents and friends will be requested.  
The establishment will be formed in a healthy situation convenience distant from Sydney
A list of the Rev. Middleton's pupils will be open to inspections at the Bank of New South Wales and Australia

September.......

 
News reached Australia that Major General Richard Bourke was to be Governor of N.S.W. and Van Diemen's Land.

 

September 27.......

Arrival of the convict ship Hooghley  Surgeon Superintendent, James Ellis,

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Hooghley

 

 

 

October.......

Arrival of  the ship Stirling Castle, with Rev. Dr. Lang and wife, five other Presbyterian clergymen, and fifty-nine emigrant mechanics, mostly with wives and families. Settler John Wighton passenger.

October 22.......

Departure for England on board the Hooghley, of His Excellency General Darling, the government devolving upon Colonel Patrick Lindesay, of H.M. 39th Regiment.

 

November 5......

Arrival of the convict ship Jane, Capt. Baigrie.  Surgeon Oliver Sproul

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Jane

 

 

 

November 15.......

Australian College founded by Rev. Dr. John Dunmore Lang

November 16......

The Lord Liverpool ran aground at Newcastle. Read about the incident here

November.......

Travel by steamer popular. Read about one journey to the Hunter River here

November 26.......

Arrived the convict transport Surry. Captain Charles Kemp.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Surry

December 2.......

 

Arrival on the Margaret, of Major -General Sir Richard Bourke (1777-1855), Captain General and Governor in Chief, &c., with his family. The Margaret was seen sailing, in gallant style, before a stiff south easterly breeze, with the union-jack floating at her mast head. The signal was recognised by the the proper officers, and the colors were instantly hoisted at Dawes' Battery and Fort Macquarie. and about half past 12 the Margaret cast anchor in the cove and a royal salute from the Battery announced her arrival (SG)

 

December 2.......

The colonial steam packet, William IV   launched at William River.

December.......

Sydney illuminated with bonfires in honour of arrival of Governor Bourke

December 2.......

Arrival of the convict ship Asia, from Cork. Surgeon Dr. Birnie. Passengers, Ensign Henry Zouch, Andrew Gillespie 

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Asia

 

 

 

December 14.......

Arrival of the convict transport Bussorah Merchant, Capt. Moncrief

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Bussorah Merchant

 

 

 

December 20......

Bushfires in Sydney

December........

Major Sir Thomas Mitchell, Surveyor General of N.S.W. with surveyors White and Finch reach the Peel River

Major Mitchell cockatoo discovered 1831

 

 

December 28........

Bushrangers Oliver Wilks and Phillip Eaton, captured. Lower Hawkesbury

Phillip Eaton arrived per Bussorah Merchant. Occupation Labourer. Tried in Staffordshire. Oliver Wilks arrived on the Guildford. Both absconded from William Ogilvie at Merton.