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Colonial Events 1840

 

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Economic Depression after withdrawal of funds from banks and decline in value of livestock

 

 

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Sir Joseph Banks Hotel at Botany commenced. By the time of this engraving in 1869, gardens and a zoo had been established on the grounds.

Prince of Wale Birthday celebration in 1869 at Sir Joseph Banks Hotel, Botany

 

 

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Hordern Bros department store founded in Sydney

George Street Sydney 1840

 

 

January......

 

 

Paul Strzelecki  - tour of south western Australia

The Progress Of Ethnology By John Russell Bartlett

Text not available

 

 

January......

Port Phillip Herald established

January 4......

The house of Colonel Kenneth Snodgrass at Raymond Terrace robbed by three armed men

January 4......

Death of catholic priest James Dixon

January 7......

Launch of the General Steam Navigation Company steamer Victoria at Hunter's River (built byKorff at Greenhills)

January 11.......

Departure of Angus McMillan and party from the Tambo River to Gippsland

January 19......

Departure per H.M.S. Herald for New Zealand of surveyor Felton Matthew; His Excellency Captain Hobson, Lieut-Gen of NZ; Dr. Johnson and Mr Hustler

January 25......

Arrival of the convict ship Middlesex

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Middlesex

January 29......

 

Death of pioneer merchant Simeon Lord

February.......

Hunter River in flood. Vessels unable to load at Morpeth as roads were impassable for drays

February 9.......

Arrival of the vessel Nautilus (2)

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Nautilis

 

 

February 15 (?12)......

Paul Strzelecki and James Macarthur ascend Mt. Kosciuszko

February 25......

Arrival of the Buffalo store ship with prisoners convicted in the disturbances in Canada. American prisoners disembarked in Van Diemen's Land and French Canadian prisoners sent to Sydney. One died on the passage.

February 26.......

Arrival of convict ship  Woodbridge

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Woodbridge

March.........

Alexander Maconochie arrived on the Nautilus in February 1840.

Alexander Maconochie (1798 - 1860), naval officer, geographer, and penal reformer, was born on 11 February 1787. He was appointed superintendent of the penal settlement at Norfolk Island and took up his duties in March 1840. Maconochie's notions of penal science rested on the beliefs that cruelty debases both victim and the society inflicting it and that punishment for crime should not be vindictive but designed to strengthen a prisoner's desire and capacity to observe social constraints. He returned to England in 1844......Australian Dictionary of Biography Online

 'Thoughts on Convict Management and other Subjects connected with the Australian Penal Colonies' written by Maconochie in 1838

 

March.......

Patrick Leslie overlands first cattle to Darling Downs, Qld

March 21......

Murrurundi mail robbed by bushrangers

March.......

Arrival of Maltese mules and muleteers imported by Australian Agricultural Company

April.......

William Lawson robbed by two armed men near Iron Cove bridge on the Parramatta Road

April 4.......

Survey for railroad between Newcastle and Maitland completed ........

The Surveyor has completed his survey of the intended rail road from Newcastle to Maitland, which is to be proceeded upon without delay. The line will commence near to the Queen's Wharf, and run by the Beach westward, nearly in the same direction as the present high road - the Reef between the Breakwater and Wharf is to be filled up and made part of the road. - Commercial Journal and Advertiser 4 April 1840

 

April 8.......

Call for an end to 'the hateful lash' .......Read more

April 27.......

Arrival of convict ship Mangles

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Mangles

May.......

Several men apprehended at Liverpool Plains by Major Nunn. Suspected of knowing the whereabouts of notorious bushranger Opossum Jack

 

May 5.......

Public meeting in Melbourne to petition for separation from NSW

May 11......

Dan O'Connell cutter lost off Port Stephens.......Select HERE to read more about the Dan O'Connell

May 22.......

Order of Council ends transportation of convicts from England to NSW

June.......

Court House at Newcastle completed. Mortimer Lewis Colonial Architect and builders Richardson & Hudson

June.......

Brig Maria wrecked off South Australian Coast 27 passengers and crew killed by Aborigines.

June.......

Ship China arrived with passenger David Stolworthy ( later medical practitioner at Patrick Plains)

June 8......

Edward John Eyre begins overland journey from Adelaide to King George Sound W.A

June 23.......

Foundation stone laid for The Garrison Church. Holy Trinity by Rev. W.G. Broughton. Corner of Argyle & Lower Fort Streets Miller's Point. Architects - Henry Ginn and Edmund Blacket. Builder Edward Flood

July 1......

First Edition of the daily Monitor

July 14.......

Arrival of the female convict ship Surry.

Master George Sinclair. Surgeon Edward Leahy

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Surry

 

July 14......

Arrival of convict ship Maitland

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Maitland

July 24.......

Arrival of female convict ship Isabella II

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Isabella

August 14.......

Discovery of Lake Eyre by E.J. Eyre

August 17.......

Arrival of convict transport King William

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the King William

August 18......

Arrival of Hunter Valley land owner Henry Lindeman on the Theresa

Arrival of the convict ship Margaret

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Margaret

 

September......

Bushranger 'Barraby Jack' active in the Cassilis district

September......

Sydney Morning Herald commenced daily publication

September 24.......

Arrival of Australian Agricultural Company colliers on board ship Richard Webb

September 28.......

Mass meeting of workers in Sydney protesting against amendment to the Masters & Servants Act

October.......

Land purchased for the establishment of Newcastle Grammar School

We have much pleasure in stating, that there is now a reasonable prospect of a Grammar School being established in Newcastle the land has been purchased, and the site is in every respect desirable; rumour states, that the Lord Bishop of Australia will appropriate 3,000 of the fund placed at his disposal for such purposes towards the erection of the School House. - Sydney Gazette 17 October 1840

 

October.......

Elphinstone arrived with 248 emigrants principally agriculturalists. Ten deaths on the passage out

October......

 

 

Sir George Gipps informs Council that information had been received on 1st August ending transportation to the Colony

 

October.......

Famous Court case - Mudie v. Kinchela

October 5.......

Formation of the Synod of Australia

November 6.......

Arrival of the convict ship Pekoe

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Pekoe

November 17.......

Death of Church of England clergyman Henry Fulton

November 18.......

Arrival of the convict ship Eden  - last convict ship to off load convicts in Sydney - 267 male prisoners

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Eden

November.......

 

Discovery ships Erebus and Terror under Captain Ross, R.N. and Captain Crozier to depart at the end of the month

Read about the Erebus and Terror at Cool Antarctica

 

November 21.......

Geelong Advertiser established by J.P. Fawkner

December.......

Steamer Clonmell begins passages to Port Phillip.

December 25.......

Bushrangers Thomas Farrow and William Rowley captured by Percy Simpson and the mounted police