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Colonial Events 1842

 

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Major financial crises. Over six hundred insolvencies recorded in 1842 due to the depressed state of the colony

 

 

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Holey Dollar and dump, first used in 1813, no longer legal tender in 1842

 

 

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Caroline Chisholm began settlement program for female immigrants in the Hunter at Maitland

Caroline Chisholm

 

 

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Calls for the lifeboat at Newcastle to be moved to Nobby's to enable it to be dispatched quickly

January.......

Detachment of the 80th Regiment (Staffordshire Volunteers) arrived in Newcastle on the Rose steamer.

 

January.......

 

The Scone Mail robbed by bushrangers George Jones and Joseph Bowers

 

January.........

New Wharf (ballast wharf) built at Newcastle under the superintendence of Lieutenant Fraser, who was employed as Assistant Engineer and Superintendent of the Iron Gang

More about Lieutenant Simon Fraser here

 

 

January.........

Copper deposit discovered by Charles Bagot at Kapunda. S.A.

Read more about Kapunda at Flinders Ranges Research

 

 

January 26.........

 

To commemorate the anniversary of the colony the Government ordered a pension of 1s per diem to be paid to the 3 survivors who came by the first fleet in 1788

 

January 26.........

 

John Clarke accidentally shot dead by his brother William at Lowe Farm near Newcastle when the farm was attacked by three armed bushrangers........

At Lowe Farm, within a few miles of Newcastle, Mr. William Clarke was visited on the evening of Wednesday the 26th instant, by three armed bushrangers. As they were approaching the house they met Mr. Clarke’s brother who was going to the stable, and being asked who he was, he replied a stranger; they accordingly asked him how many men he had there, and immediately thereafter desired him to stand or they would shoot him. Mr. Clarke, senior, hearing an unusual noise in the yard and the threat used to his brother, got his fowling piece and sword – by this time the bushrangers burst open the door of the house, when Mr. C. saw a musket levelled at him and heard some one say shoot the old b ----; shots were accordingly exchanged, Mr. Clarke then rushed on them sword in hand when the cowardly villains fled. After the affray Mr. C. being confident that some one had been shot called out to his brother, who not answering, Mr. C. went out with a light to search for him, and to his utmost horror discovered his brother had been shot dead. An inquest was held on the body on the 28th at Newcastle where it was removed for interment; the verdict of the Jury of which Mr. Simon Kemp was the foreman was that Mr. John Clarke was accidentally shot by his brother William while defending himself against an attack of three armed bushrangers. The unfortunate man had left in England a wife and seven children who have to deplore his untimely loss, and had only recently come to the Colony to see his elder brother. Previous to the above tragical occurrence the bushrangers had visited a hut occupied by a William Benson, whom they robbed of slops, tea sugar etc while there they saw Mr. Ranclaud passing by on horseback, whom they called up to the hut and also robbed of all the loose cash he had about his person and gave him to understand at the same time that they should visit his residence which no doubt they would have done but for the gallant resistance they met with from the bold dragoon. Had a party of soldiers been immediately sent to Mr. Clarke’s as soon as the facts were made known at Newcastle it is possible they would have been taken; but the Police Magistrate was at Raymond Terrace on duty and Lieut. Fraser would not act without his concurrence.

Hunter River Gazette 5 February 1842   

 

 

January 29........

Alexander Flood  appointed Agent and Correspondent for The Hunter River Gazette for the town of Newcastle and its neighbourhood

February........

Newcastle female factory  - women available for assignment

February........

Calls for Newcastle to be made a free warehousing port

February 2........

New insolvency laws come into operation

February.........

Proclamation issued by Governor Gipps announcing that the district of Moreton no long considered a penal settlement

February 14........

Arrival of vessel Sir Edward Paget with 248 emigrants. Captain Tait. Passenger - Dr. Leichardt

March 19........

Governor Sir George Gipps departed on the Shamrock for Moreton Bay

March.........

Drought breaking rain at the Liverpool Plains

March.......

A quantity of beautiful stone, procured from quarries in the neighbourhood of Maitland and designed for paving the Military Barracks at Newcastle, forwarded by water to that town. Sent down the river in boats of about ten tons burthen, and drawing three feet of water.

March........

Convicts from the Stockade working under Lieutenant Simon Fraser to improve the streets of Newcastle. Calls for the one wretched street leading to Christ Church to be macadamized.

March.......

Detachment of the 80th Regiment at Newcastle relieved by detachment of 99th Regiment

April........

Ship Lady Raffles caught fire and sank Sydney Harbour

April 10........

Arrival of Sir Charles Napier with 334 immigrants. The Master Huxtable died on the voyage out

April........

Petitions circulating advocating a return of transportation

April 9.......

Thomas Homer executed in Newcastle after being convicted of murder

May........

The Recovery schooner wrecked near Newcastle

May 12..........

With the assistance of soldier George Wilson of the 80th regiment, four men from Nobby's escape in a boat and take to the bush. John Roach and John Atkins belonged to the iron gang, John Thomson was in service to the A.A. Company and John Raddish belonged to the Nobby's boat crew. Find out more about these bushrangers here

May 15.........

Frederick Platt and Henry Wray robbed by bushrangers at Raymond Terrace

May 17.......

Earthquake felt by inhabitants on the North Shore, Sydney Harbour

May 24.........

Schooner Eliza capsized by a squall in Sydney Harbour. 7 people drowned

June........

28th regiment to proceed in India as soon as transport ships are provided

June.......

John Quigley sentenced at Maitland Quarter Sessions to work in irons for 2 years for theft of a waistcoat.

June.......

Two whales sighted in Darling Harbour and Parramatta River

June 19.......

Vessels John Bewer, Elso, Arab, Bencoolen, and Hopkinson depart Port Jackson with Officers and rank and file of the 28th Regiment bound for Bombay

June 20........

Government vessel Governor Phillip seized by prisoners at Norfolk Island. Read about one of the inmates at Norfolk Island at that time - bushranger William Atkinson

July 14........

First land sale at Brisbane

July.......

Sydney incorporated as a city

July 29........

John Bede Polding appointed Roman Catholic Archbishop of Sydney

July 30.........

A System of representative government was established when the Constitution Act was passed after Parliament in England bowed to pressure from the colony of New South Wales for self government. The new Legislative council comprised thirty six members - twenty four were elected under a limited franchise and the balance were appointed by the Governor.

View 1842 Constitution Act at 'Documenting Democracy' site

 

August........

Town of Melbourne incorporated

October.......

Arrival in Sydney of H.M.S. Fly. under command of Captain Blackwood. Naturalist Joseph Beete Jukes passenger

 

October 6........

Arrival of ship Aden. A. A. Company colliers on board

October 20.......

Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser issued for the last time.

October 28......

Earthquake felt in Newcastle, Patrick Plains, Windsor.

November 1.......

First popular election in Sydney, N.S.W..

November 8.......

Execution of those Prisoners from Norfolk Island who had been found guilty of piracy and murder

November 14.......

First bank opened in Moreton Bay

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Tweed factory established at Stockton by Robert Fisher and Alexander Donaldson (destroyed by fire in 1851)