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Colonial Events 1844

 

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Published in the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society by Sir Roderick Murchison in 1861 -  Murchison's 1844 comparison between the Australian 'Cordillera' and the gold bearing Ural chain

Text not available

The New American Cyclopaedia A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge By George Ripley, Charles Anderson Dana

 

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Regular ferry service established across the Hawkesbury River, NSW by George Peat

 

 

 

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Notes and Sketches of New South Wales published. Author Louisa Anne Meredith

January.......

 

Henrietta departing Port Jackson for Calcutta with horses, the beginning of regular export in horse stock. Horses owned by W.C. Wentworth, William Bowman and others

January.......

Call for restrictions on poisonous drugs after large number of suicides

January.......

Arrival of immigrant ship Elizabeth with 310 passengers on board. 10 deaths on the voyage out

January 26........

Major Crummer  seriously injured in an accident while returning from Hexham to Newcastle on horseback after falling from his horse after it stumbled

February.......

Four soldiers of the 99th regiment who absconded apprehended on the Western road for robbery

February......

Mr. Austin of the Sydney water police appointed Harbour Master at Newcastle

February 10........

Death of merchant, shipbuilder James Underwood

February 13.......

John Fitz alias Knatchbull executed for murder of widow Mrs. Jamison.

February 16.......

Foundation stone of the Maitland Gaol laid

March 5......

 

Death of Robert Tighe of the Union Hotel at Newcastle, aged 46.  The Odd Fellows Society to follow in procession at the funeral

Select here to find more information about the Union Hotel

 

 

March 13......

 

Capture of a runaway convict from No. 3 Stockade at Newcastle. Apprehended at the Long Swamps (near Hexham) by lockup keeper Thomas Harrison

 

March 30........

 

John Hicklin (alias Kangaroo Jack) apprehended for cattle stealing. A man of great notoriety in the vicinity of Newcastle.

 

April 2.......

 

The first Hebrew Synagogue in Australia opened in York St. Sydney

May........

 

Norfolk Island no longer a dependency of NSW.

May........

 

First election of district councillors throughout the colony

May.......

 

Pastoral Association of NSW established by squatters with aims to procure security of land tenure (MM 4 May 1844)

June 1.......

 

Large meeting of squatters of Port Phillip district held at the hall of the school of Arts, Melbourne. The Pastoral Association of Australia Felix established

June 29........

 

Death of Sir John Jamison at Regentville

July 30......

 

Major Edward Last of the 99th regiment appointed Magistrate at Newcastle

August.......

 

Departure of the 80th Regiment under Major Bunbury for India. Captain Rinaldo Scheberras  who had been stationed in Maitland departed with the regiment

Captain Scheberras died at the battle of Ferozeshah in India in 1845. Read more about his life

 

 

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Public meetings held, and petitions to the Legislature prepared
throughout the colony, by all denominations on the Question of Education

August 31....

 

Resignation of Sir Thomas Livingston Mitchell from the Legislative Council of New South Wales

September 27.....

 

Death of chief Justice Sir James Dowling at Darlinghurst

October.....

 

Parchment manufactured by Messrs. Mears & Co in Maitland. Between forty and fifty skins of parchment were first made. The Maitland Mercury reported that the parchment possessed a good body, was well and evenly manufactured; and took the ink as well and freely as paper without requiring to be pounced or rubbed with pumice stone previous to writing on.

 More about the manufacture of parchment at Wikipedia

 

 

October.......

John Nodes Dickinson appointed Judge of Supreme court of New South Wales in room of William Westbrooke Burton

October.......

Explorer Ludwig Leichhardt departed from Jimbour for Port Essington

October 19.....

Murderous assault on Alexander Flood, Postmaster at Newcastle

October 26.......

 

 

 

Preparations underway at Newcastle in honor of Governor Gipps' visit

Governor Gipps' visit to Newcastle    Maitland Mercury 26 October 1844

November 10......

Execution of Benjamin Stanley for the murder of Robert Campbell at Williams River in May

November........

First 'Exiles' arrive from England. First sent to VDL and later to Port Phillip. Known as Pentonvillians as they had already served part of their sentence at Pentonville prison in England

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The Atlas founded by Robert Lowe

December 6......

Bushrangers Edmond Brannigan and Timothy Bradish apprehended by Thomas Cullen and James Yates at Currie-a-Bark station on the Peel River.

 More about Bradish and Brannigan here

 

December 28.......

 

Major Wentworth. Petition requesting his resignation as representative in the Legislative Council

 

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