Free Settler or Felon?

Home     Links Page   Maitland    Convicts    Convict Ships    Hunter Valley Settlers    Hunter Valley Place Names

Search Free Settler or Felon?

Newcastle History Links

....Rambles in NSW 1828


Adamstown - A brief history - School principals 1877 - 1974 - school photographs - Methodist Primitive church - Ellis Cup winners - Rosebuds

Adamstown Miners 1901 - A list of miners from the Federal Directory of Newcastle

Australia's Strongest Sports Centre - Newcastle

Australian Agricultural Company - In 1830 the government handed over its Newcastle coal mines to the Australian Agricultural Company and coal mining became the most profitable arm of the company for the rest of the century  Select HERE for a list of some of the men employed at the Australian Agricultural Company coal miners in Newcastle 1830s - 1840

Australian Agricultural Company miner at Newcastle refusal to work

Bells - Convict's lives were ruled by Bells. Select Here to read more

Boat Builders at Newcastle -

Thomas Crump arrived on the Surprize in 1794; employed as a boat builder at Newcastle c. 1804 - 1810

William Evans employed as a boat builder in 1816

Fortisco de Santo arrived on the Guildford in 1812; employed as a boat builder c. 1820

William Smith arrived on the Larkins in 1817. Overseer of boat builders . 1821 - 1824

Botany Bay Hero - Read of the experiences of Irish soldier/convict Michael Keane who referred to himself as a

Bushrangers near Newcastle in 1842

Charles Throsby appointed Commandant at Newcastle in 1805

Coal Fired Beacon at Newcastle

Colliers Point - 1801

Commandants at Newcastle 1804 - 1821 and approximate age when they took up duties..........

March 1804  - February 1805 - Lieutenant Charles Menzies Age 21

March 1805 - 20th March 1805 -  Ensign Cadwallader Draffen Age 23

20th March 1805 - December 1805 - Charles Throsby Age 28

December 1805 (Temporary) - Lieutenant William Lawson Age 31

December 1805 - September 1808 - Charles Throsby  Age 29   

September 1808 - December 1808 - Ensign Villiers

December 1808 - February 1810 - Lieutenant William Lawson Age 34

February 1810 - December 1811 - Lieutenant John Purcell Age 37

December 1811 - February 1814 - Lieutenant Skottowe

February 1814 - June 1816 - Lieutenant Thomas Thompson

June 1816 - December 1818 - Captain James Wallis (46th regiment) Age 31

December 1818 - 1823 - Major  James Thomas Morisset Age 38



Convicts from the Castle Hill Rebellion sent to Newcastle in 1804

Convict Assignment and Punishment at Newcastle - Government Orders - 1813

Convict Coal Miners Governor King established a settlement at 'Coal River' with the intention of mining coal to contribute to financing the colony  and to separate worrying Irish political leaders from the main colony. Read more about the EARLY CONVICT COAL MINERS in Newcastle - 1801

Coal miners at Newcastle - Australian Agricultural Company Coal Miners 180 - 1840s

Coal Miners in Newcastle 1858  Transactions of the North of England Institute of Mining Engineers Vol VI, 1858 ,'On the Coalfield of New South Wales' by Henry T. Plews

County Electors in Newcastle in 1855

Discovery of Coal by escaping convicts in  1791

Discovery of Lake Macquarie in 1800

Executions at Newcastle, Maitland and the Hunter Valley

Expedition to the Hunter River in 1801

Female Factory at Newcastle

Frank the Poet - Australia's well known convict poet Francis McNamara 'Frank The Poet' arrived on the Eliza convict ship in 1832

Governor Burke to Newcastle in 1833

Government Burke to Newcastle in 1836

Governor Macquarie to inspect convicts, barracks, stores etc on his Tour of Newcastle Settlement in 1812

Governor Macquarie's Visit to Newcastle in 1818

Government Rules at Newcastle 1807

Henry William Hemsworth Huntington's History of Newcastle - Link to Newspaper articles

Hunter River Discovered 1797

Hunter River Expedition 1801

Index to Allotments of Land in Newcastle in 1824

Islands in the lower Hunter River included Moscheto Island, Dempsey Island, Spit Island, Spectacle Island, Bullock Island and Ash Island

James Hardy Vaux was one of Australia's most famous convicts. He was transported three times over a period of thirty years. First on the Minorca in 1801, then on the Indian in 1810, and in 1831 the Waterloo. While serving at Newcastle penal settlement in 1811 he wrote his Memoirs including the Vocabulary of the Flash Language, Australia's first dictionary - More about James Hardy Vaux

Joseph Lycett - Convict Artist

Lieutenant James Grant at Newcastle in 1801

Lieutenant Purcell - Select here to read more about Lieutenant Purcell and Coal River (Newcastle)Penal Settlement in 1810   Colonial Events 1810

Lime Burners Gang at Newcastle

Newcastle Female Factory

Newcastle Fire Brigade - Australia Trove Links

Newcastle Gaol

Newcastle in 1820

Newcastle in 1821

Newcastle in 1822 - A list of buildings in Newcastle in 1822

Newcastle in 1823

Newcastle and Maitland in 1826

Newcastle Publicans in Newcastle in 1828

Newcastle in 1828

Newcastle in 1829

Newcastle in 1857


Ship Inn  

Commercial Inn  

Miners Arms Inn  

Rouses Hotel 

The Newcastle Inn 

Victoria Inn 

Crooked Billett  

The Australian Inn  

Woolpack Inn  

Union Inn  

Newcastle through the years

1801  1802  1804  1805   1807  1808  1809  1810  1811  1812  1813  1814  1815  1816  1818  1820  1821  1822  1823  1824   1825  1826  1827  1828  1829  1831  1833  1836   1837  1838  1841  1855

New Military Barracks at Newcastle 1841

Newcastle Port Regulations in 1815

Pirates Seize the Speedwell in 1814

Reminiscences of Watt Street, Newcastle

Residents at Newcastle in 1841

Rev. Lancelot Threlkeld at Newcastle

Rev. Charles Pleydell Neale Wilton - Timeline & Notes

Roger Farrell's Correspondence from Newcastle 1810

Sandhills - By 1852 the East end of Newcastle and the harbour were filling with sand. Read about the proposed (environmentally friendly) solution to this problem in the Report on the SANDHILLS at Newcastle 1852

Sea Bathing at Newcastle

Sea Grave Yard --  Early Harbour Masters, vessels and shipwrecks

Shipwrecks at Newcastle in 1816

Shipwreck at Newcastle in 1837

Signal Flags at Newcastle 1827

Signal Staff at Newcastle 1858

Sir Henry Browne Hayes at Newcastle in 1808

Sophie Jane Steamer - A Voyage to Newcastle on the Sophie Jane in 1831

Stockton Links

Thomas Brady - Irish Rebel 1808 - 1811

William Gore - Provost-Marshall William Gore at Newcastle in 1808

William Harrison Craig - Convict Artist

William Lawson Commandant at Newcastle in 1809

William Lawson 1810


View of Newcastle - 1865 - Illustrated Sydney News 16 March 1865

...View of Newcastle in 1865 from the Illustrated Sydney News. Click to enlarge.