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Newcastle History Links

Rambles in NSW 1828

Adamstown - A brief history - School principals 1877 - 1974  - Methodist Primitive church - Ellis Cup winners - Rosebuds

Adamstown Miners 1901 - A list of miners from the Federal Directory of Newcastle

Australia's Strongest Sports Centre - Newcastle

Australian Agricultural Company   - In 1830 the government handed over its Newcastle coal mines to the Australian Agricultural Company and coal mining became the most profitable arm of the company for the rest of the century

Australian Agricultural Company Miners - A list of some of the coal miners at Newcastle 1830s - 1840

Australian Agricultural Company miner at Newcastle refusal to work

Australian Agricultural Company - First Mine at Newcastle

Bank of Newcastle - first Provincial Bank established in the Colony - 1828

Bells - Convicts' lives were ruled by Bells. Select Here to read more

Boat Builders at Newcastle -
Thomas Crump arrived on the Surprize in 1794; employed as a boat builder at Newcastle c. 1804 - 1810
William Evans  was employed as a boat builder in 1816
Fortisco de Santo arrived on the Guildford in 1812; employed as a boat builder c. 1820
William Smith arrived on the Larkins in 1817. Overseer of boat builders . 1821 - 1824

Botany Bay Hero - Read of the experiences of Irish soldier/convict Michael Keane

Bushrangers near Newcastle in 1842

Cedar Getters - Hunter River 1804

Charles Throsby appointed Commandant at Newcastle in 1805

Coal Fire Beacon at Newcastle

Convict Coal Miners  - Governor King established a settlement at 'Coal River' with the intention of mining coal to contribute to financing the colony  and to separate worrying Irish political leaders from the main colony.

Coal miners at Newcastle - Australian Agricultural Company Coal Miners 1800 - 1840s

Coal Mines at Newcastle 1858  Transactions of the North of England Institute of Mining Engineers Vol VI, 1858 ,'On the Coalfield of New South Wales' by Henry T. Plews

Colliers Point - 1801

Commandants at Newcastle 1804 - 1821 and approximate age when they took up duties..........
March 1804 - February 1805 - Lieutenant Charles Menzies Age 21
March 1805 - 20th March 1805 -  Ensign Cadwallader Draffen Age 23
20th March 1805 - December 1805 - Charles Throsby Age 28
December 1805 (Temporary) - Lieutenant William Lawson Age 31
December 1805 - September 1808 - Charles Throsby  Age 29  
September 1808 - December 1808 - Ensign Villiers
December 1808 - February 1810 - Lieutenant William Lawson Age 34 February 1810 - December 1811 - Lieutenant John Purcell Age 37 December 1811 - February 1814 - Lieutenant Skottowe
February 1814 - June 1816 - Lieutenant Thomas Thompson
June 1816 - December 1818 - Captain James Wallis (46th regiment) Age 31
December 1818 - 1823 - Major James Thomas Morisset Age 38

Convicts from the Castle Hill Rebellion  - sent to Newcastle in 1804

Convict Assignment and Punishment at Newcastle - Government Orders - 1813

Cottage Creek

County Electors in Newcastle in 1855

Discovery of Coal by escaping convicts in 1791

Discovery of Lake Macquarie in 1800

Early Bushrangers

Executions at Newcastle, Maitland and the Hunter Valley

Expedition to the Hunter River in 1801

Explosion at Newcastle 1826

Female Factory at Newcastle

Frank the Poet - Australia's well known convict poet Francis McNamara 'Frank The Poet' arrived on the Eliza convict ship in 1832

George Crossley arrived on the Hillsborough in 1799. He was sent to Newcastle penal settlement in 1808

Governor Burke to Newcastle in 1833

Governor Burke to Newcastle in 1836

Governor Gipps' Visit to Newcastle in 1844

Governor Macquarie to inspect convicts, barracks, stores etc on his Tour of Newcastle Settlement in 1812

Governor Macquarie's Visit to Newcastle in 1818

Government Rules at Newcastle 1807

Henry William Hemsworth Huntington's History of Newcastle - Links to Newspaper articles

Hunter River Discovered 1797

Hunter River Expedition 1801

Indigenous Notes and Links

Islands in the lower Hunter River included:
Moscheto Island
Dempsey Island
Spit Island
Spectacle Island
Bullock Island
Ash Island

James Hardy Vaux was one of Australia's most famous convicts. He was transported three times over a period of thirty years. First on the Minorca in 1801, then on the Indian in 1810, and in 1831 the Waterloo. While serving at Newcastle penal settlement in 1811 he wrote his Memoirs including the Vocabulary of the Flash Language, Australia's first dictionary - More about James Hardy Vaux

James Henry Crummer  - Magistrate

John Bingle

Joseph Lycett - Convict Artist

Journal of a Voyage from Sydney to Newcastle and Maitland  - October 1844

Law & Order - The Police Force in Newcastle and Hunter Valley prior to 1862

Lieutenant James Grant at Newcastle in 1801

Lieutenant Thomas Owen 1824

Lieutenant Purcell - Coal River (Newcastle)Penal Settlement in 1810

Lime Burners Gang at Newcastle

Military Barracks at Newcastle

Newcastle Female Factory

Newcastle Gaol

Newcastle in 1820

Newcastle in 1821

Newcastle in 1822 - A list of buildings

Newcastle in 1823

Newcastle and Maitland in 1826

Newcastle Publicans - 1828

Newcastle in 1828

Newcastle in 1829

Newcastle Inns...........
Ship Inn
Commercial Inn
Miners Arms Inn
Rouses Hotel
The Newcastle Inn
Victoria Inn
Crooked Billett
The Australian Inn
Woolpack Inn
Union Inn

Newcastle through the years -

Newcastle Port Regulations in 1815

Pirates Seize the Speedwell in 1814

Raymond Terrace 

Reminiscences of Colin Christie describing Newcastle in 1850s

Reminiscences of George Priest describing Newcastle in 1840s and 1850s

Reminiscences of Albert Hudson and Robert Fleming of Newcastle in 1850s

Reminiscences Hugh Gilmour of Newcastle - 1850s

Reminiscences of Benjamin Joseph Oliver - Newcastle in 1870s and 1880s

Reminiscences of Watt Street, Newcastle

Residents at Newcastle in 1841

Rev. Lancelot Threlkeld at Newcastle

Rev. Charles Pleydell Neale Wilton - Timeline & Notes

Roger Farrell's Correspondence from Newcastle 1810

Sandhills - By 1852 the East end of Newcastle and the harbour were filling with sand. Read about the proposed (environmentally friendly) solution to this problem in the Report on the Sandhills at Newcastle 1852

Sea Bathing at Newcastle

Sea Grave Yard --  Early Harbour Masters, vessels and shipwrecks

Second Settlement - 1804

Shipwreck at Newcastle in 1837

Signal Flags at Newcastle 1827

Signal Staff at Newcastle 1858

Sir Henry Browne Hayes - Newcastle in 1808

Sophie Jane Steamer - A Voyage to Newcastle on the Sophie Jane in 1831

Stockton Links

Thomas Brady - Irish Rebel 1808 - 1811

Walter Preston - Convict Engraver

William Gore - Provost-Marshall - Sent to Newcastle Penal Settlement in 1808

William Harrison Craig - Convict Artist

William Lawson  - Commandant at Newcastle in 1809

William Lawson  - 1810

View of Newcastle - 1865 - Illustrated Sydney News 16 March 1865
...View of Newcastle in 1865 from the Illustrated Sydney News. Click to enlarge.