Convicts Sent to Newcastle
After the Castle Hill Rebellion in 1804
Having been abandoned by Government towards the end of 1802, the possibility of establishing valuable commercial enterprise coupled with a desire to remove the worst of the Irish insurgents from Sydney district in the aftermath of the rebellion at Castle Hill, encouraged Governor King to re-settle Coal River.
Joseph Brayley/ Brearly per Earl Cornwallis, a miner by trade, was apprehended at Kissing Point upon a suspicion of burglary was examined and as the evidence though strongly presumptive was not thought sufficient to continue the grounds of prosecution, he was drafted for Newcastle as was Philip Dwyer per Sugar Cane also, for violently and inhumanely beating Mary Carroll. They were both sent to Newcastle in April 1804.
More about many of these convicts and the rebellion at Castle Hill can be found in Jack Delaney's 'Newcastle, Its First Twenty Years: The Irish Rebellion and the Settlement of Newcastle 1804' (ISBN - 646 43855- 7)
Lynette Ramsay-Silver, Australia's Irish Rebellion: The Battle of Vinegar Hill, 1804, Watermark Press, Sydney, 2002 (first printed 1983); ISBN 0 94928 461 0