- Estimated white population 3,120
- Planting of citrus trees along Parramatta began
- Arrival of the convict ship Pitt
with Lieutenant Governor Grose and a company of the NSW Corps. The frame of a small vessel the 'Francis
' was on board. This was the first sea-going vessel built in the colony.
- Death at the marine-barracks, Stonehouse, Plymouth, of Lieut. James Maxwell, for the last nine years senior first lieutenant of his Majesty's marine forces, who had assisted in forming the settlement established at Botany Bay.
- Arrival of D'Entrecasteaux at Storm Bay on La Recherche
- A pilot appointed at South Head
- The first tank was cut in the rock bed of the Tank Stream
- Reduction in rations
- Arrival of the Atlantic
from Calcutta with supplies
- Departure from Gravesend of the Bellona
with free settlers - Edward Powell aged 30 - farmer and fisherman from Lancaster; Thomas Rose aged 40, farmer from Blandford and his family; Joseph Webb, farmer; Thomas Webb, gardener; Frederick Meredith, baker; James Thorpe, millwright, Walter Brodie, blacksmith.
- Arrival of the convict ship Royal Admiral
, Captain Essex Henry Bond.
- Preparation of a Return of Land in Cultivation
at the Different Settlements
- Arrival of Brigantine Philadelphia
in Sydney with a speculative cargo. Cargo included 569 barrels of American cured beef, 27 barrels pitch and tar as well as wine, rum, gin, tobacco. Master of the Philadelphia Thomas Patrickson
- New Hospital completed. - A brick hospital, consisting of two wards, was finished during the month of November and the sick removed to it. The spot for this buildling was at some distance from the principal street of the town, and convenient to the water; and, to prevent any improper communication with the other convicts, a space was to be enclosed and paled in round the hospital, in which the sick would have every necessary benefit from air and excercise
. - An Account of the English Colony in NSW
- Arrival of the convict ship Kitty
, Master George Ramsay. Naval agent Lieut. Daniel Woodriff. 29 convicts on board.
- Catholic settlers and prisoners at Parramatta petitioned Governor Phillip for the appointment of a priest-chaplain
- Return of Governor Phillip
and the remainder of the NSW Marine Corp to England on the Atlantic
; Major Commandant Francis Grose appointed administrator of the colony.
- The first lease was granted for land within the town