|Captain John Hunter Governor of Australia until September 1800
January 11............Arrival of the convict ship Minerva from Ireland. Master Joseph Salkeld.
February 16..........Arrival of the convict ship Friendship. Master Hugh Reed.
David Collins' description of the convicts of the Friendship
March............Hawkesbury River in Flood
April 15........Arrival of botanist George Caley and Lieutenant Governor King and family on the Speedy.
June 26.........Major Joseph Foveaux appointed acting Lieutenant governor Norfolk Island.
Major-general Joseph Foveaux. This officer was appointed Major in the New South Wales Corps the 10th of June, 1796; Lieutenant-Colonel in the army the 29th of April, 1802; Colonel in the army the 4th of June, 1811; and Major-General the 4th of June, 1814. He served on the Staff in New South Wales; subsequently served for a short time on the Staff in Ireland as Inspecting Field-Officer of the Waterford Recruiting District, since which he has been unemployed. ...The Royal Military Calendar, Or Army Service and Commission Book ..., Volume 3 edited by John Philippart
July...........Entrance to Lake Macquarie discovered by William Reid when he confused the entrance to the lake for Newcastle harbour. The lake was known for many years as 'Reid's Mistake'. Find out more about William Reid and the Martha
July 9..........The Anne departed Cork 26 June 1800. Master James Stewart.
August - September..........Irish Conspiracy uncovered. The plan was to overturn the government by putting Governor King to Death and confining Governor Hunter. The rebels were to meet at and take Parramatta and then before day light take the Barracks at Sydney. And afterwards to live on the Farms of the Settlers until they heard from France where they had intended to dispatch a ship. The rebels were well armed with pikes and were to be joined by soldiers who it was planned would take the guns to South Head and other places of security. When the plan was revealed, Governor Hunter ordered an enquiry. Governor Hunter's Order for enquiry into the Irish conspiracy
August - September... Irish Conspiracy quashed.
Correspondence from Port Jackson to England in October 1800
September ..........Governor King established a system of Fees and Assessments to which all masters of English or foreign merchant vessels arriving at Port Jackson were liable. This revenue from imported goods was the beginning of a 'Custom's House' in the colony.
September 28..........Governor John Hunter embarked on the HMS Buffalo. Captain Philip Gidley King assumed administration of colony. Rev. Richard Johnson also returned to England on the Buffalo
Lieutenant Philip Gidley King. National Archives of Australia
September 28..........Examples of flora and fauna sent to England on the HMS Buffalo
John Hunter took 'many curiosities' back to England amongst which were three black swans (Caledonia Mercury 4 June 1801) and three emus (David Collins)
In this month a joey was produced by the kangaroo taken to England some months before (Morning Chronicle 10 March 1801)
Read more in Governor King's correspondence to Sir Joseph Banks
September 28.... Surgeon of the Buffalo, Martin Mason appointed assistant to principal surgeon of colony. More about Martin Mason at Newcastle in 1801
October 1..........Purchase of Orphan Institution. Governor King's reasons for the need of the Orphan Institution
October 19..........Departure from France of Nicolas Baudin on the 30-gun corvettes, La Gêographe and La Naturaliste. Louis Claude Desaulces de Freycinet joined this expedition which, was commissioned by the French government, as surveyor.
Read more about Nicholas Baudin at 'Encounter 1802 - 2002'
November..........In November, 1800, Governor King was much concerned to hear of the piratical seizure of the Government decked boat Norfolk, of 25 ton, laden with 500 bushels of wheat, by a gang of 15 desperate convicts, who had boarded her in Broken Bay on her voyage to Port Jackson from the Hawkesbury in October. The runaways proposed proceeding to the Dutch settlements among the Moluccas, and on their voyage there they called in at the Hunter River, where their vessel was driven on shore, and they seized a small vessel belonging to one of the Sydney traders. Find out more about the seizure of the Norfolk here
November 6.........Arrival of the Porpoise with four tons of 1 oz., 1797 dated cartwheel pennies struck by Matthew Boulton. 'Proclamation penny' Read more here
November 20........Arrival of the convict ship Royal Admiral.
November 30........Death of Judge Advocate Richard Dore
December...........Arrival of James Grant on the Lady Nelson. Sailed through Bass Strait, the first ship direct from England to do so.
December..........Richard Atkins appointed Judge Advocate