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Colonial Events 1804
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...........John Macarthur granted 5,000 acres by Lord Camden, which he selected at the Cowpastures.


........ A strong stone bridge replaced the earlier one over the Tank Stream


........ First Convicts sent to Van Diemen's Land


January ..........Assigned convicts became entitled to wages under certain conditions


February...... Arrival of Lieut-General Collins at Risdon Cove, Van Diemen's Land Read more about early settlement in VDL


February...... First church service at Hobart by Rev. Robert Knopwood (1763- 1838) More about Robert Knopwood


March...... Government brewery established at Parramatta although hops were in short supply and an experienced brewer had yet to be found. Select here to read more about the first brewery in Parramatta



March 1..... Governor King signifies his intention of re-opening Newcastle settlement
Historical Records of New South Wales, Vol. V, King 1803, 1804, 1805. Edited by F. M. Bladen, Lansdowne Slattery & Company, Mona Vale, N.S.W.,1979, p.329.......

Governor King to Lord Hobart 1st March 1804. {Extract)

In a former letter, I communicated my reasons for withdrawing the guard and people I had sent to Coal Harbour. Occasional supplies of coal and cedar for buildings are got from thence, both by Government and individuals. Should any fit person present himself for managing a settlement of that kind, I shall renew it immediately.



March 4...... Uprising at Castle Hill
Select here to read an account from the Sydney Gazette of the Convict Uprising at Castle Hill


March 5...... Roman catholic services banned and martial law proclaimed


March 8...... Three rebels executed at Parramatta - Charles Hill, Samuel Humes (Hung in Chains) and John Place


March 9...... Three rebels executed at Castle Hill - William Johnston (Hung in Chains), John Neale, George Harrington


March 10...... Two rebels executed at Sydney - John Brannon and Timothy Hogan


March 14....... Charles Menzies of HMS Calcutta offered his services as Superintendent at the new settlement at Coal River


March 15...... Charles Grimes appointed Surveyor General of N.S.W. on retirement of Augustus Alt


March 18..........Lieut. Charles Menzies appointed Commandant at Coal River


March 25...... General orders for the new settlement at Coal River


March 30...... Settlement re- established at Hunter River under Lieutenant Charles Menzies. Participants in the Castle Hill rebellion were among convicts sent to the River on this day


April....... Three men by the name of Broadbent, Johnson and James Field stole Sergeant Day's boat in Sydney with intention of sailing to Timor. They were wrecked 100 miles north of Port Stephens. Two were killed by natives and the third James Field turned himself in to the settlement at Newcastle. Read about the ordeal of James Field here


May 7...... Earthquake felt at Parramatta, Hawkesbury


May 7...... Arrival of Coromandel at Port Jackson with 200 convicts. Master John Robinson


May...... First successful inoculation against small pox in Sydney


June...... Lieut. Colonel Paterson, N.S.W. Corps, to be sent by Gov. King to examine Port Dalrymple with a view to settlement (Did not leave until October because of inclement weather) Present State of Van Diemen's Land Comprising an Account of Its Agricultural Capabilities etc By HenryWidowson


June 24...... Arrival of convict ship Experiment.



June/ July...... Natives at Portland Head 'dispersed' by soldiers of the New South Wales Corp in consequence of hostility towards settlers........

The Hull Packet 26 February 1805 .....
The natives in the neighbourhood of Portland Head had committed some enormities in consequence of which a detachment of the New South Wales Corps had been sent to the relief of the settlers. A few of the hostile natives having fallen, the remainder dispersed. "Since then" says a letter from Portland Head, "their rancour has greatly subsided, or, at all events its consequences have become much less injurious than before and many have signified a desire of returning to their accustomed habits, without which the wants peculiar to the savage state must be felt with increased severity, as well from the loss of the succour afforded them by the settlers as from the relaxation produced by a long state of dependence upon the bounty of their benefactors". The above proceedings took place in June and July lst, but at the date of the last accounts tranquility appeared to be completely restored.



June/ July....... Severe Punishment of convicts at Coal River for their plans to murder Officers and escape from the Colony


August 1........ Charles Throsby appointed to medical duty and Magistrate at Newcastle


September...... Many convicts and half the military detachment withdrawn from Norfolk Island


November...... Attempt to cross the Blue Mountains by George Caley .

George Caley arrived on the Speedy in 1800. He joined the Hunter River Expedition in 1801.
Read about Caley's 1804 expedition at 'The Botanists Way'


November...... In 1804 cedar getters sent up the Hunter river lived under difficult and dangerous conditions.
Read Lieutenant Menzies' correspondence regarding these early expeditions


.......... Arrival of Richard Siddons on the English whaler Alexander (Hunter Valley land owner and Sydney lighthouse keeper)


December 20...... Death of Provost Marshal Thomas Smyth


December 27...... Death of pickpocket George Barrington.
The Life of George Barrington