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Colonial Events 1805
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.............Launch of the colonial schooner Governor Hunter on 17th January 1805. Built by Isaac Nichols. Lost at sea 1816    

..............Launch of Henry Kable's whaler King George - the first of its type in Australia.    King George, Master William Moody, 185 tons in ballast to the River Derwent 9 October 1805; returned to Port Jackson 5 April 1806 with 1 ton black whale oil; sailed to the southward 27 April 1806; returned 12 August 1806.    

January 1......   Colonel Francis Grose of the New South Wales Corp appointed Major-General
Francis Grose

February......   G.W. Evans, Surveyor General, discharged for fraud    

March 15....... Lieutenant Menzies resigned from position of Commandant at the Second Settlement at Newcastle

March 15...... Ensign Cadwallader Draffen appointed Commandant at Newcastle. Governor King's instructions to Ensign Draffin on his appointment as Commandant      

March...... Loss of the vessel 'Francis' off Newcastle

March/ April...... Charles Throsby appointed Magistrate and Superintendent of convicts at Newcastle

Governor King to Earl Camden Sydney New South Wales 8 April 1805
My Lord, The Command of that Settlement (Newcastle) being given to an Ensign of the New South Wales corps, it soon became necessary to remove him to this place in consequence of a Mental Derangement, in which he still continues.

Having no other person to put in charge of that productive and useful Establishment, I have placed it under the Charge of Mr. Throsby, an Assistant Surgeon, who conducts it with great Activity and Propriety. -
 Historical Records of Australia Series 1 Vol. V, July 1804 - August 1806., p. 406.   

April 11...... Vessel 'Surprise' lost in a gale north of Coal Island.......

WE are concerned to state the loss of the sloop Surprise, belonging to Messrs, Kable and Co. near the entrance of Hunter’s River, for which place she sailed from hence on Thursday the 11th instant; and after a dangerous and fatiguing passage, the three latter days of which she was quite out of water, made the spot upon which she was lost, to the northward of the Coal Island about two miles, and a heavy gale then suddenly setting in, obliged the people to run her a shore for the preservation of their lives, as no possibility remained of getting the vessel out. She grounded within two miles of the spot at the entrance of the River upon which His Majesty’s colonial vessel Francis was lately lost....Sydney Gazette 28 April 1805      

April.........Troops sent to the Hawkesbury after deaths of settlers at the hand of natives      

April..........Colonial cutter Nancy wrecked      

May 1...... William Bligh Esq., appointed Captain General and Governor in Chief in and over the Settlement of New South Wales (The Morning Chronicle 1st May 1805) Governor Bligh arrived on the Lady Madeline Sinclair in August 1806.    

July...... Correspondence to Governor King with news that Captain William Bligh was appointed Governor of New South Wales. Read Viscount Castlereagh's Letter to Governor King    

July - John Grant who ...... John Grant who arrived on the Coromandel in 1804 was an associate of Maurice Margarot and Sir Henry Browne Hayes.

Extract of a letter from John Grant, a Convict (an Associate of Margarot, Hayes &c., to Gov'r King, dated 8th May 1805 in the Historical Records of Australia. Series 1, p. 537. Governor King to Under Secretary Cooke Sydney New South Wales 20th July 1805.........

"Now, Sir! I ask you, (as an Independent Englishman) viewing with astonishment the miserable State to which Thousands of unfortunate Men are reduced in this Colony, by what Authority do those in power at Home - by what Right do you - make Slaves of Britons in this distant quarter of the globe?"

Grant was later convicted of sedition and sent to Norfolk Island. In 1808 he was employed as a chaplain at Newcastle.

Find out more about John Grant in 'This Beauteous, Wicked place: Letters & Journals of John Grant' by Yvonne Cramer

August........Major Semple Lisle on charges of swindling in London..... The London Times 20 August 1805...... Police Office, Marlborough Street, Yesterday James Lisle, alias Lesley, the ci-devant Major Semple, underwent an examination on swindling charges. The prisoner is a well known public character, and it will be remembered, that Government released him from a sentence of seven years transportation, for his conduct on board the Lady Shore, some years since, when the convicts mutinied on their passage to Botany Bay.

September 8........The schooner Governor Hunter arrived in Sydney with 20,000lbs of salt on account of the Government made from the saltpans worked at Newcastle under the direction of Mr. Throsby - Sydney Gazette

November.......Abandonment of the settlement at Norfolk Island

...........Four convicts escape from Newcastle and recaptured near Reid's Mistake.....

The Sydney Gazette 22 December 1805 ON Thursday se’nnight four prisoners left the settlement at King’s Town, in order to make their way hither; but being immediately missed a party of military was dispatched in pursuit, and in a short time came up with one of the absentees whom they sent back in charge of one of the party. Reaping every information from the natives, they continued the pursuit, and near Reid’s Mistake overtook the other three; whom they conducted into Castle Hill after a painful and fatiguing travel; and who were received in town on Friday, to be returned to King’s Town.

NOTICE – The undermentioned Convicts having absconded from Public Labour at Newcastle and this place the Inhabitants throughout the Colony are hereby cautioned and forbid from harbouring them and are also required to give them up to the nearest Magistrate, on pain of being proceeded against with the utmost severity Joseph Samuels; Thomas Graham; John McCarthy alias Hughes; Thomas Desmond; John Hooper; Patrick O’Brian; William Page; John Murphy; William Russell; Mathew Lee. By Command of His Excellency. J. Harris, Superintendent of Police

December........... Hurricane at Newcastle