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Colonial Events 1810


Estimated Population of the colony in 1810 - almost 11,773


Cedar getters operating along the banks of the Hunter River past present day Maitland


JANUARY 1 - Lachlan Macquarie, took up his appointment as Governor of New South Wales on 1st January 1810. He remained in office until 1 December 1821..... 'A Colonial Autocracy' - New South Wales under Governor Macquarie by Marion Philips


JANUARY 4 - All those people appointed to official positions since Governor Bligh's removal dismissed. Trials and land grants nullified.


JANUARY 5 - Prisoners in Sydney gaol to be released on the occasion of Governor Macquarie taking Office: - James Hargrave, John Worthington, William Henry, James Hardwicke, Thomas Jones, James Stoneham, John Draper, Ralph Summers, James Smith, Thomas Hayes, George Dunstan, Garret Armstrong, John Anson, Lawrence Parory, and Hadji (a black man)  


JANUARY 27 - All those who had been granted Pardons under the assumed Government while William Bligh was placed under arrest required to surrender Pardons or be immediately arrested. Read Governor Macquarie's Public Notice  


JANUARY 30 - William Lawson, a Lieutenant in the NSW Corp, was sent to England in 1810 as a witness at George Johnston's court martial. Select here to read one of his final reports to Governor Macquarie detailing the convict settlement at Newcastle


JANUARY - George Crossley, Sir Henry Browne Hayes, Roger Farrell to be liberated from Newcastle penal settlement following the Proclamation of Governor Macquarie. Read Roger Farrell's correspondence to Governor Bligh detailing the treatment he had received at Newcastle Penal Settlement.    


FEBRUARY 24 - Announcement of the establishment of a Free School by Governor Macquarie.


FEBRUARY 27 - Convict Ship Anne arrived from England with 197 male prisoners. Among the prisoners Benjamin Grainger who worked for many years in the Newcastle coal mines     


FEBRUARY 27 - Arrival of Rev. Robert Cartwright in Sydney on the Anne


FEBRUARY 27 - Arrival of Rev. Samuel Marsen in Sydney on the Anne


MARCH 21 - Lieutenant John Purcell appointed Commandant at Newcastle in room of Lieutenant William Lawson. Find out more about the penal settlement at Newcastle in 1810   


MARCH 24 - Death of Lieutenant-Governor Collins at the settlement at Hobart whilst sitting in his chair conversing with his surgeon, who had attended him during a short illness of six days (Caledonian Mercury 8 November 1810). The Hull Packet recorded the following correspondence 'the settlement has lost a man of ability. temper, and humanity, and will not easily find such another; the soldiers have lost a friend, the convicts a protector. Indeed, very few are to be found of those who have lived under his government that do not lament him as a father. For my own part, though, I had less to do with him than many others, I consider him a very great loss to the colony in general. He was a man of the most conciliatory manners, a scholar, and a perfect gentleman, and had the interest of the country at heart. He was buried with military honours, and followed to the grave by all descriptions of people, the whole of whom vied in bearing testimony to his worth and in expressions of regret.


APRIL - Richard Horner employed as acting surgeon at Newcastle penal settlement  


MAY 12 - Departure of William Bligh on the Hindostan.


MAY 19 - Servants of the Crown directed to attend church on Sundays


JUNE 14 - Mathew Flinders released from prison at Mauritius and sailed for England


JUNE 21 - Death of William Paterson Lieutenant-Colonel of the 102 regiment, Fellow of the Royal Society, Member of the Asiatic Society and Lieutenant Governor of New South Wales. He died on HMS Dromedary while at sea. William Paterson was born on 17 August 1755 in Scotland. As a boy he became keenly interested in botany and in 1777, through the patronage of Countess Strathmore, he was enabled to visit South Africa. He made four journeys into the interior; after he returned in 1780 he prepared an account of his experiences, entitled Narrative of Four Journeys into the Country of the Hottentots and Caffraria, which he published and dedicated to Sir Joseph Banks in 1789.    


JULY 20 - Publication of a New Plan of the Settlements of New South Wales by John Booth (London). Author Robert Rowe


SEPTEMBER - Crops at the Hawkesbury destroyed by a Caterpillar plague


SEPTEMBER 8 - Arrival of the Convict Ship Canada. Captain John B. Ward.


OCTOBER - Sydney street names altered by order of Governor Macquarie - The main thoroughfare previously known as Sergeant-Major's Row, Spring Row and the High Street became George Street after the King; Pitt's Row named after the Prime Minister became Pitt Street; Chapel Row became Castlereagh Street after the Secretary of State for the colonies; Elizabeth Street was named for the Governor's wife; Back Row became Phillip Street after the colony's first Governor The track then beyond Phillip street was straightened and became known as Macquarie Street. Bell Row was altered to Bligh Street South Street became O'Connell Street after Lieut.Gov. Maurice O'Connell; Streets to the west of George Street were named after various Dukes - York, Clarence, Kent and Sussex. Hunter and King Streets were named after former governors. Bridge street with the stone bridge crossing the Tank Street kept its original name. Market Street was named for the town market; Park street led to Hyde Park.


OCTOBER - Sydney - George Street Markets opened


NOVEMBER - Governor Macquarie and party set out on two month journey to inland districts.


NOVEMBER - Alexander Riley and Garnham Blaxcell contracted to build a hospital in exchange for a monopoly on the import of rum. (Rum Hospital)


NOVEMBER - Arrival of Maurice Margarot in Sheffield after suffering 14 years transportation to New South Wales for 'uttering certain expressions on the subject of Parliamentary reform'. He had been a delegate from the London Corresponding Society to the British Convention at Edinburgh in 1794 and was transported on the convict ship Surprise in 1794.   


DECEMBER - Five towns named by Governor Macquarie - Windsor, Richmond, Castlereagh, Pitt town, and Wilberforce.


DECEMBER - Governor Macquarie issues first building regulations requiring houses to be made of brick or weatherboards, have brick chimneys and shingled roofs.


DECEMBER 16 - rrival from England of the convict ship Indian, Captain Barclay