Free Settler or Felon?

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Colonial Events 1831
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January 5.............Capture of Bushranger Walmsley, companion of Webber and 'Bold Jack' Donohue. Captured by 4 mounted troopers at Mr. Campbell's farm Mt. Philo on the Western Road. When captured wearing a blue silk jacket and carrying a very fine pair of silver mounted pistols. Taken to the watchhouse and secured by a chain and ring attached to the wall.   

February..............Riot at the Female Factory at Parramatta    

February 7..........Arrival of the convict ship York . Capt. Leary.  Surgeon Campbell France.

February 22.......Arrival of the convict transport Edward, Captain James Gilbert

March 4...............Arrival of the convict ship Lady Harewood Captain Richard Stonehouse.

March 11........... Arrival of the barque Kains from London with female prisoners. Capt. Goodwin. Surgeon J. Clarke.

March 31............Surprise steamboat launched in Neutral Bay - first steam boat in the country

April 5.................Arrival of the convict ships Earl of Liverpool. Capt. F.B. Manning

April 6.................Charles Cowper appointed clerk to the commissioners for managing the affairs of the church and School Estates.

April 18...............The Sydney Herald first issued.

April 30................Arrival of the convict ship Waterloo from Dublin, Surgeon W.H. Trotman.

April 16...............Government Order published, prohibiting the importation of preserved heads of New Zealanders. The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia        

May 16.................Celebrations by 39th regiment on the anniversary of the Battle of Albuera      

May 14.................Steamer Sophia Jane arrived in the colony as a square rigged schooner.     

May.......................News arrives in Sydney of the death of Capt. Barker of 38th Regt., late Commandant at King Georges Sound. Captain Barker arrived in command of the Guard on the convict ship Phoenix in 1828. Read more about him here  

June 18...............Steamer Sophie Jane entered the Hunter River from Sydney.

June 18...............Surveyor Felton Matthew working near Newcastle  

June.....................Sir Richard Bourke appointed governor of New South Wales
 
Sir Richard Bourke

June 25..................John Kinchela appointed attorney General of N.S.W

June 26..................Arrival of the convict ship Eleanor  

July 21...................Death of explorer Henry Hacking

July 25...................Arrival of the convict ship Camden, Capt. Fulcher.  Surgeon Superintendent David Boyter.

July 27....................Arrival of the convict ship Georgiana Capt. Thompson. Surgeon John Tarn. Guard

July 28....................Arrival of the convict ship Exmouth, Capt. Warren

July 29...................Charles James Windeyer appointed Assistant Police Magistrate of Sydney

July 31...................Arrival of the convict ship Palamban from Cork, Capt. Willis. Surgeon Alick Osborne.

July 31...................Twenty one prisoners from India arrived on the Caroline. Most had been in the army.

August...................New regulations abolish land grants and fix price for Crown land at minimum 5/- per acre. Land auction sales introduced in NSW    

 

August 1................Mutiny on board ship Eleanor in Sydney Harbour   

August 22..............Eclipse of the moon.

September............Rev. G.A. Middleton begins advertising his soon to opened 'Academic Establishment' near Sydney....
.
The Australian Friday 2 September 1831
Academic Establishment For the GENERAL EDUCATION of YOUNG GENTLEMEN, meditated by the Rev. G.A. Middleton (of Westminster School, subsequently, exhibitioner of St. John's College, Cambridge, and late Chaplain of Newcastle
TERMS: Under six years of age. 25 guineas per annum Between six and eight 30 ditto Above eight 35 ditto Washing 2 ditto One quarter's payment in advance, and one quarter's notice previous to the removal of any pupil from the establishment. The education will be a general one, embracing the Latin and Greek language, on the approved principles adopted at the College School of Westminster. There will be two vacations annually; one annual examination, at which the presence of parents and friends will be requested.   The establishment will be formed in a healthy situation convenience distant from Sydney A list of the Rev. Middleton's pupils will be open to inspections at the Bank of New South Wales and Australia


September..............News reached Australia that Major General Richard Bourke was to be Governor of N.S.W. and Van Diemen's Land.  

September 27.......Arrival of the convict ship Hooghley  Surgeon Superintendent, James Ellis

October..................Arrival of  the ship Stirling Castle, with Rev. Dr. Lang and wife, five other Presbyterian clergymen, and fifty-nine emigrant mechanics, mostly with wives and families. Settler John Wighton passenger.

October 22...........Departure for England on board the Hooghley, of His Excellency General Darling, the government devolving upon Colonel Patrick Lindesay, of H.M. 39th Regiment. 

Sir Ralph Darling


November 5.......... Arrival of the convict ship Jane, Capt. Baigrie. Surgeon Oliver Sproul

November 15....... Australian College founded by Rev. Dr. John Dunmore Lang

November 16........The Lord Liverpool ran aground at Newcastle. Read about the incident here

November..............Travel by steamer popular. Read about one journey to the Hunter River here

November 26....... Arrived the convict transport Surry. Captain Charles Kemp.

December 2..........Arrival on the Margaret, of Major -General Sir Richard Bourke (1777-1855), Captain General and Governor in Chief, &c., with his family. The Margaret was seen sailing, in gallant style, before a stiff south easterly breeze, with the union-jack floating at her mast head. The signal was recognised by the the proper officers, and the colors were instantly hoisted at Dawes' Battery and Fort Macquarie. and about half past 12 the Margaret cast anchor in the cove and a royal salute from the Battery announced her arrival (Sydney Gazette)

December 2......... The colonial steam packet, William IV   launched at William River.

December............. Sydney illuminated with bonfires in honour of arrival of Governor Bourke

December 2......... Arrival of the convict ship Asia, from Cork. Surgeon Dr. Birnie. Passengers, Ensign Henry Zouch, Andrew Gillespie 

December 14....... Arrival of the convict transport Bussorah Merchant, Capt. Moncrief       

December 20....... Bushfires in Sydney

December..............Major Sir Thomas Mitchell, Surveyor General of N.S.W. with surveyors White and Finch reach the Peel River Major Mitchell cockatoo discovered 1831

     Major Mitchell Cockatoo discovered in 1831

December 28...........Bushrangers Oliver Wilks and Phillip Eaton, captured. Lower Hawkesbury Phillip Eaton arrived per Bussorah Merchant. Occupation Labourer. Tried in Staffordshire. Oliver Wilks arrived on the Guildford. Both absconded from William Ogilvie at Merton.      



 

 

 

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