Two Years in New South Wales;
comprising sketches of the actual state of society in that colony; of its
peculiar advantages to emigrants by Peter Cunningham.........
educated at the University of Edinburgh and appointed assistant Surgeon in the Royal Navy.
He served on the coast of Spain during the Peninsular War and on the
Great Lakes of America in the War of 1812 - 1814. He then served in the
East Indies before being appointed as
surgeon superintendent on convict ships to Australia - The
in 1825 and the
Morley in 1828.
He was granted 1200 acres in the upper Hunter. Select
to see the location of his grant which he named
Allan W. Wood in Dawn in the Valley
wrote of Peter Cunningham -
Peter Cunningham named his farm after the
Dumfriesshire estate of Dalswinton (the field of Swinton) where
he was born in 1789. His father John Cunningham was the land steward at
Dalswinton for Patrick Miller, a retired Edinburgh banker who spent his
estate in pioneering the adventure of steam propulsion of ships, and is
credited with being the first to propel a boat with a steam engine. The
fifth and last son of John and Mary Cunningham was baptised Peter Miller
Cunningham in honour of Patrick Miller. Robert Burns was a neighbour and a
friend, and it was at John Cunningham's table in the farmhouse that
Burns first recited 'Tam O'Shanter'.
Below are extracts from
book Two Years in New South Wales...etc in which he describes 'Currency Lads and Lasses'
Two Years in New South Wales: A Series of Letters, Comprising Sketches of ... By Peter Miller Cunningham
(1) Wood, W. Allan., Dawn in the Valley, The Early
History of the Hunter Valley Settlement.,
Wentworth Books 1972., Sydney, p.55