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Convict Ship Ann & Amelia 1825

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Embarked 200 men
Voyage 116 days
Deaths 0
Surgeon's Journal - Yes
Previous vessel: Minerva arrived 19 November 1824
Next vessel: Grenada arrived 23 January 1825 
Captain William Ascough  
Surgeon Superintendent James Lawrence
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The Ann & Amelia was built in India in 1816 (1)

The Ann & Amelia was the next convict ship to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Almorah in April 1824. She departed Cork on 8th September 1824.  

The Guard consisted of soldiers of the 40th regiment under orders of Captain Richard Turton.

Other ships bringing detachments of the 40th regiment included the
Prince Regent, IsabellaAsia, Guildford, Medina, Castle Forbes, Countess of Harcourt, Mangles and Minerva and Eliza

Free passengers arriving on the Ann & Amelia included Eliza Hamsden and George Hamsden (born at sea); Messrs Thomas Hamsden and Michael Cormick, police officers; Myles McGrath late of the Royal Navy; and three boys, sons of convicts.

There were no deaths on the passage and two hundred male prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on Sunday afternoon 2nd January 1825   Surgeon James Lawrence wrote in his journal at the end of the voyage -

The prisoners and Guard during the passage from Ireland to New South Wales have been so healthy that I have no remarks to make. Purgative medicines were freely administered to many of the prisoners who were not sick, which combined with bathing and exercise tended very much in my opinion to the preservation of their health.  (2)

James Lawrence's Journal contains treatment for various ailments including one case of scurvy, two accidents and four pulmonary infections, mostly minor in nature. He treated convict Patrick Noonan on 17th September for a troublesome cough which Noonan attributed to a cold caught on board the Surprise hulk - the greater part of the prisoners on board the hulk had torn their clothes and thrown them overboard a few days before leaving her. John Curley had an uncomfortable voyage, having suffered with painful leg ulcers and boils for most of the voyage. He was kindly treated by the surgeon during the entire time and his condition improved somewhat although he was sent to the hospital at Sydney on arrival.

The prisoners were mustered by Colonial Secretary Frederick Goulburn on board on 3rd January 1825. The surgeon remarked on the indents....The persons mustered appear in good health and declare themselves well treated and have been favourably spoken of by the Surgeon Superintendent and Commander. The indents reveal the prisoners' names, trade, date and place of trial, age, sentence, native place, physical description, remarks on their conduct on the voyage out and where each man was assigned on arrival. There are occasional remarks regarding date and place of death, pardons and other colonial details.

On 5th January in Sydney the convicts were landed. It was reported that they underwent the customary inspection by His Excellency Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane between 9am and 10am that morning, and had no complaints to prefer against the Captain or Surgeon. They appeared to be in excellent health and after the inspection were drafted to their various destinations.

They were assigned throughout the colony....William Bell, a schoolmaster was assigned to the Carter's Barracks. James Cassidy also a schoolmaster was assigned to the Evan district; James Edwards, schoolmaster was assigned to Campbelltown. Other prisoners were assigned to Bathurst, Appin, Sydney, Minto, Parramatta and Windsor.

The Ann & Amelia brought out 30 tons of flax seed for the Australian Agricultural Company.  

James Lawrence was also employed as surgeon on the convict ship John in 1832  

Notes & Links:    

1). Political Prisoners  

2). Bushranger 'Bold Jack Donohue' arrived on the Ann & Amelia  

3). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Ann & Amelia in 1825  

4). Insurrection Act, Special Sessions at Fermoy September 20 1823{ Extract}..... James Roche (Roach) (Keefe) was prosecuted for having been out of his dwelling after the hour prescribe by law...... Robert Booth, a Police Constable, searched prisoner's house at Ballivoher at 11 o'clock on the night of 21st June last, and found him absent; saw his name on the door, searched his house several times since, and found him absent. Defence. Johanna Roche is sister to prisoner who left his house on Saturday 21t June and never slept at home since in consequence of a great many people flying from their houses when Dundon was taken up. John Stackpole was next examined - Prisoner came to the house of witness's father and slept there on that night; remained there ever since except part of the time when he went to Mr. Brien's at Cornhill where he was taken.....The prisoner was convicted, and sentenced to seven years transportation. Freeman's Journal 26 September 1823.

5). Richard Turton joined the 40th regiment on 10th February 1808. On 18 May 1825 he was appointed Commandant at the new penal settlement to be established at Norfolk Island. Lieut. Richardson of the same corps to be Assistant Engineer. (1) They sailed on the Brutus with Surgeon Mr. Coleman, soldiers of the guard, six women and six children and 53 male and 3 female prisoners.  He was appointed Major and returned to Sydney in April 1826 and was next posted to Van Diemen's Land. He married Katherine, the daughter of Jocelyn Thomas there on 15 September 1827. The 40th transferred to Bombay in 1828. Richard Turton died in 1836 on the passage home from Bombay

6). The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign ..., December 1825....


7).  Captain William Ascough made his fortune as a ship's captain and owner bringing convicts to the Colony in the ships.......

Malabar 1819;

Ann & Amelia 1825;

Marquis of Huntley 1826

Marquis of Huntley 1828

Marquis of Huntley 1830;

and Portland 1832;

He became an extensive landowner however died tragically in 1836.....

8). Convicts and soldiers mentioned in the surgeon's journal:

Michael Fallon, aged 21, soldier;

Thomas Ryan, aged 22, prisoner;

Cornelius Connell, aged 60, prisoner;

Patrick Noonan, aged 30;

Folios 5-6: Hugh Cash, aged 40, prisoner;

Folios 6-9: John Curley, aged 29, prisoner;

Michael Doyle, aged 27, prisoner;

William Halfpenny, aged 24, prisoner;

Jeremy Toomey, aged 25, prisoner;

Michael Jourdan, aged 19, prisoner;

William Baine, aged 18, prisoner;

Patrick Smith, aged 29, prisoner;

Barney Malone, aged 18, prisoner;

Hugh Cash, aged 40, prisoner;

John Haynes, aged 20, soldier;

John Tiernan, aged 22, convict;

Patrick Fitzsimmons, aged 19, convict;

John Cronin, aged 24, convict;

Thomas Fitzpatrick, aged 30, convict;

 John Treman, aged 22, convict;

John Clifford, aged 56, convict;

James Brady, aged 26, convict;

John Murphy, aged 28, convict; (3)


1. Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.344-345

2. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

3. National Archives - Medical and surgical journal of the Ann and Amelia convict ship for 22 July 1824 to 5 January 1825 by James Lawrence, surgeon and superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed in a passage from England to Ireland and from Ireland to New South Wales.




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