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Convict Ship Ann and Amelia 1825


Embarked 200 men
Voyage 116 days
Deaths 0
Surgeon's Journal - Yes
Previous vessel: Minerva arrived 19 November 1824
Next vessel: Grenada arrived 23 January 1825
Captain William Ascough
Surgeon Superintendent James Lawrence
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The Ann and Amelia was built in India in 1816[1]. The Ann and Amelia was the next convict ship to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Almorah in April 1824.


MILITARY GUARD

The Guard consisted of soldiers of the 40th regiment under orders of Captain Richard Turton.

Following is an excerpt from Historical Records of the 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment By Raymond Henry Raymond Smythies listing the ships that brought detachments of the 40th regiment to New South Wales in 1823 and 1824..........

Early in March 1823, the commanding officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Thornton received an intimation that it was intended to send the regiment to New South Wales. In the meantime it was ordered to proceed to Dublin, thence by sea to Liverpool, and after that by road to Chatham, in order to form guards for convict ships when required.  
The head quarters reached Dublin on 15th March and occupied the Royal Barracks. On the 30th the whole regiment embarked at Pigeon House, in eight small vessels, and reached Liverpool the following day.

A twenty eight days' march, including three Sundays, brought the regiment to Chatham. The Regiment marched in three divisions; the first arrived at Chatham on 21st April; the second, consisting of two companies, halted, and remained at Deptford; and the 3rd reached Chatham on 23rd April.

During the next year the 40th was sent out, in small detachments, as guards on board convict ships to Australia. This was after several years' rough service in Ireland, and but a short period of rest in England........


Embarked 25th April 1823 on ship Albion. Lieutenant Lowe
Embarked 5th July 1823 on ship Asia Captain Bishop
Embarked 10th July 1823 on ship Isabella. Lieutenant Millar
Embarked 18th July 1823 on ship Sir Godfrey Wilestoe. Captain Hibbert
Embarked 29 July 1823 on ship Guildford. Captain Thornhill
Embarked 31st July 1823 on ship Medina. Lieutenant Ganning
Embarked 5 August 1823 on ship Castle Forbes. Lt.- Col. Balfour
Embarked 29 December 1823 on ship Prince Regent. Captain Stewart
Embarked 5th February 1824 on ship Chapman. Captain Jebb 
Embarked 25 February 1824 on ship Countess of Harcourt. Captain Morow 
Embarked 14 June 1824 on ship Mangles. Lt.- Col Thornton
Embarked 14 June 1824 on ship Princess Charlotte. Lieut Neilley

Other ships bringing detachments of the 40th regiment included the Minerva and Ann & Amelia.




FREE PASSENGERS

Free passengers arriving on the Ann & Amelia included Eliza Hamsden and George Hamsden (born at sea); Messrs Thomas Hamsden and Michael Cormick, police officers; Myles McGrath late of the Royal Navy; and three boys, sons of convicts.



DEPARTURE

The Ann and Amelia departed Cork on 8th September 1824.



PORT JACKSON

There were no deaths on the passage and two hundred male prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on Sunday afternoon 2nd January 1825 . Three men were sent to the hospital on shore on arrival.[3]



SURGEON JAMES LAWRENCE

Surgeon James Lawrence wrote in his journal at the end of the voyage -

The prisoners and Guard during the passage from Ireland to New South Wales have been so healthy that I have no remarks to make. Purgative medicines were freely administered to many of the prisoners who were not sick, which combined with bathing and exercise tended very much in my opinion to the preservation of their health.

James Lawrence's Journal contains treatment for various ailments including one case of scurvy, two accidents and four pulmonary infections, mostly minor in nature. He treated convict Patrick Noonan on 17th September for a troublesome cough which Noonan attributed to a cold caught on board the Surprise hulk - the greater part of the prisoners on board the hulk had torn their clothes and thrown them overboard a few days before leaving her. John Curley had an uncomfortable voyage, having suffered with painful leg ulcers and boils for most of the voyage. He was kindly treated by the surgeon during the entire time and his condition improved somewhat although he was sent to the hospital at Sydney on arrival. [2]



MUSTER OF CONVICTS

The prisoners were mustered by Colonial Secretary Frederick Goulburn on board on 3rd January 1825. The Surgeon signed the indents with the following note.......The persons mustered appear in good health and declare themselves well treated and have been favourably spoken of by the Surgeon Superintendent and Commander. The indents reveal the prisoners' names, trade, date and place of trial, age, sentence, native place, physical description, remarks on their conduct on the voyage out and where each man was assigned on arrival. There are occasional remarks regarding date and place of death, pardons and other colonial details. [5]



CONVICTS DISEMBARKED

On 5th January in Sydney the convicts were landed. It was reported that they underwent the customary inspection by His Excellency Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane between 9am and 10am that morning, and had no complaints to prefer against the Captain or Surgeon. They appeared to be in excellent health and after the inspection were sent to their various destinations.



ASSIGNMENT

They were assigned throughout the colony....William Bell, a schoolmaster was assigned to the Carter's Barracks. James Cassidy also a schoolmaster was assigned to the Evan district; James Edwards, schoolmaster was assigned to Campbelltown. Other prisoners were assigned to Bathurst, Appin, Sydney, Minto, Parramatta and Windsor.



CARGO

The Ann and Amelia brought out 30 tons of flax seed for the Australian Agricultural Company.



NOTES AND LINKS

1). Political Prisoners

2). Bushranger 'Bold Jack Donohue' arrived on the Ann & Amelia

3). Convicts and passengers of the Ann and Amelia identified in the Hunter Valley region 

4). Insurrection Act, Special Sessions at Fermoy September 20 1823{ Extract}..... James Roche (Roach) (Keefe) was prosecuted for having been out of his dwelling after the hour prescribe by law...... Robert Booth, a Police Constable, searched prisoner's house at Ballivoher at 11 o'clock on the night of 21st June last, and found him absent; saw his name on the door, searched his house several times since, and found him absent. Defence. Johanna Roche is sister to prisoner who left his house on Saturday 21t June and never slept at home since in consequence of a great many people flying from their houses when Dundon was taken up. John Stackpole was next examined - Prisoner came to the house of witness's father and slept there on that night; remained there ever since except part of the time when he went to Mr. Brien's at Cornhill where he was taken.....The prisoner was convicted, and sentenced to seven years transportation. Freeman's Journal 26 September 1823.

5). Richard Turton joined the 40th regiment on 10th February 1808. On 18 May 1825 he was appointed Commandant at the new penal settlement to be established at Norfolk Island. Lieut. Richardson of the same corps to be Assistant Engineer.  They sailed on the Brutus with Surgeon Mr. Coleman, soldiers of the guard, six women and six children and 53 male and 3 female prisoners.  He was appointed Major and returned to Sydney in April 1826 and was next posted to Van Diemen's Land. He married Katherine, the daughter of Jocelyn Thomas there on 15 September 1827. The 40th transferred to Bombay in 1828. Richard Turton died in 1836 on the passage home from Bombay

6). December 1825.... The Ann and Amelia, Ascough, from Singapore, lost an anchor and chain, and was forced to cut away her mainmast in the Hob Channel, in order to ride out the heavy gale of the 3rd November.     - Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign

7). Captain William Ascough made his fortune as a ship's captain and owner bringing convicts to the Colony in the ships.......
Malabar 1819;
Ann & Amelia 1825;
Marquis of Huntley 1826;
Marquis of Huntley 1828;
Marquis of Huntley 1830;
Portland 1832
Portland 1833
Mary 1835.

He became an extensive landowner however died tragically in 1836[4]


8). Convicts and soldiers mentioned in the surgeon's journal:
Michael Fallon, aged 21, soldier;
Thomas Ryan, aged 22, prisoner;
Cornelius Connell, aged 60, prisoner;
Patrick Noonan, aged 30;
Hugh Cash, aged 40, prisoner;
John Curley, aged 29, prisoner;
Michael Doyle, aged 27, prisoner;
William Halfpenny, aged 24, prisoner;
Jeremy Toomey, aged 25, prisoner;
Michael Jourdan, aged 19, prisoner;
William Baine, aged 18, prisoner;
Patrick Smith, aged 29, prisoner;
Barney Malone, aged 18, prisoner;
Hugh Cash, aged 40, prisoner;
John Haynes, aged 20, soldier;
John Tiernan, aged 22, convict;
Patrick Fitzsimmons, aged 19, convict;
John Cronin, aged 24, convict;
Thomas Fitzpatrick, aged 30, convict;
John Treman, aged 22, convict;
John Clifford, aged 56, convict;
James Brady, aged 26, convict;
John Murphy, aged 28, convict; (3)

9). James Lawrence was also employed as surgeon on the convict ship John in 1832



REFERENCES

[1] Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.344-345

[2] Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857. Medical Journal of James Lawrence on the voyage of the Ann and Amelia in 1825. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

[3] National Archives - Medical and surgical journal of the Ann and Amelia convict ship for 22 July 1824 to 5 January 1825 by James Lawrence, surgeon and superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed in a passage from England to Ireland and from Ireland to New South Wales.  

[4] Asiatic Journal

[5] Convict Indents. State Archives NSW; Series: NRS 12188; Item: [4/4009A]; Microfiche: 655