Evans joined the Asia at Deptford on 28th June 1823.
On the 15th July 1823, 150 male convicts were received on the
Asia from the
Justitia Hulk which was moored at Woolwich.
The guard on the Asia consisted of a
division of the 40th regiment under the command of Captain Bishop.
One subaltern, one sergeant, two corporals, thirty men, five women
and a child, embarked on the 5th July. The 40th had been serving in
Following is an excerpt from
Historical Records of the 40th (2nd Somersetshire)
Regiment By Raymond Henry Raymond Smythies listing
the ships that brought detachments of the 40th regiment
to New South Wales in 1823 and 1824..........
Early in March 1823, the commanding officer,
Lieutenant-Colonel Thornton received an intimation that
it was intended to send the regiment to New South Wales.
In the meantime it was ordered to proceed to Dublin,
thence by sea to Liverpool, and after that by road to
Chatham, in order to form guards for convict ships when
The head quarters
reached Dublin on 15th March and occupied the Royal
Barracks. On the 30th the whole regiment embarked at
Pigeon House, in eight small vessels, and reached
Liverpool the following day.
A twenty eight days'
march, including three Sundays, brought the regiment to
Chatham. The Regiment marched in three divisions; the
first arrived at Chatham on 21st April; the second,
consisting of two companies, halted, and remained at
Deptford; and the 3rd reached Chatham on 23rd April.
During the next year the 40th was sent out, in small
detachments, as guards on board convict ships to
Australia. This was after several years' rough service
in Ireland, and but a short period of rest in
|25th April 1823||Lieutenant Lowe
|5th July 1823
|10th July 1823
|18th July 1823
||Sir Godfrey Wilestoe
|29 July 1823
|31st July 1823
|5 August 1823
||Lt.- Col. Balfour
|29 December 1823
|5th February 1824
|25 February 1824
Countess of Harcourt
|14 June 1824
||Lt.- Col Thornton
|14 June 1824
Other ships bringing detachments of the 40th regiment included
Ann & Amelia.
Passengers included Deputy Assistant Commissary General
Fletcher and Lieut. O'Shea of the 13th Light Infantry on his way to
join his regiment in Calcutta.
departed England on 9th August 1823 bound for Van Diemen's Land in
company with the
Guildford which was bringing convicts to New South Wales.
This was William Evans' fourth voyage as surgeon on a
convict ship. He kept a Medical Journal from 28th June 1823 until 18
"The prisoners' general health was
good, though a few laboured under debility, whom notwithstanding I
was induced to take as Mr. Capper wished to get them out of the
country. From the continued wet weather several cases of catarrh
occurred before we reached the Downs, which we did on the 3rd
From the Downs we sailed on the 9th August with
beating winds down the channel and were obliged to put into
Portsmouth on the 15th in consequence of the prevailing westerly
gales with much rain. Sailed from Portsmouth on 28th August and the
weather gradually became more settled until we reached Madeira when
the sick list diminished to some trifling cases of debility arising
from the long confinement of many of the prisoners in the different
gaols previous to their embarkation.
unbearably hot weather between the Cape de Verde and the Islands and
about twenty or thirty convicts and the Guard were permitted to
sleep on deck until they reached the Equator.
During the day
the prisoners were all on deck when the weather permitted and were
ordered to bathe daily. Those who showed scorbutic symptoms were
given lemon juice daily. The surgeon thought they were among the
most slothful of the prisoners.
There were two deaths on the
voyage out - William Roberts age 24 died on 4th October 1823 after
suffering epileptic fits and paralysis and Thomas Nichols on 9th
October 1823 after becoming ill with fever.
remarkably fine weather after the Equator and arrived in Van
Diemen's Land on the 19th January 1824.
Notes & Links:
1). Convict artist Thomas Bock arrived on the Asia.
Find out more about Thomas Bock here.
The Companion to Tasmanian History
Tasmanian photographer Thomas J. Nevin
Find more convict artists
Hunter Valley convicts arriving on the Asia in 1824
William Evans served as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships
Sir Willam Bensley in 1817,
Sir Godfrey Webster
Southworth in 1834 (VDL)
Earl Grey in 1836
Hull Sessions - Trial of the last of the Dunhills -
Sarah Stanhope, 30, was charged with stealing from William Schofield
on 27th November, a bill case, containing a promissory note for 20,
a bill value 15, three promissory notes of a guinea each, a pound
note, and a sovereign. The jury returned a verdict of guilty and the
Recorder proceeded to sentence her to be transported for 7 years.
The above unhappy woman is the daughter of the notorious Snowden
Dunhill, of whose family an account will be found below.
is but rare in the history of crime to find cases parallel with the
following condensing into one family an aggregate of guilt and such
a weight of judicial infliction. The family to which we allude is
that of the notorious Snowden Dunhill of Spaldington lane near
Howden, and the daring and extensive depredations of whose gang
justly rendered them the terror and invested their chief with a
mysterious fame, such as might attach to the character of the rob
Roy, of the East Riding. This man was tried at York Assizes, 183 for
robbing the granary of Mr. Clarkson at Holme, in the East Riding on
25th October preceding was found guilty and sentenced to 7 years
transportation. There were 4 other bills preferred against him.
Having gone through the term of punishment, he returned to this
country and taking up his residence in Hull, he recommenced his old
course and, about 3 years ago he was once more sentenced to
transportation and is now if living at Botany Bay. In July last,
George Dunhill aged 24 a handsome young man, son of the above was
executed at Hobart Town,. DL. He was transported about 8 or 9 years
ago along with his mother, and, at the same time, his sister Rosa
was also convicted, and sentenced to 6 months imprisonment in York
Castle. At last Leeds Borough Sessions she was found guilty of
larceny and sentenced to 6 months imprisonment in Wakefield House of
Correction where she now remains. Her two husbands William McDowell
of Pontefract, and G. Conner of Leeds, were transported. Sarah
(whose sentence of transportation is recorded above ) was imprisoned
in York county Prison several years ago for 12 months and was again
tried at Beverly last year. Her three husbands viz J. Stanhope,
alias One armed Jem, W. Rhodes, and J. Crossland of Hull were each
transported. William also a son of Snowden Dunhill was transported
for 14 years, about 10 years ago, and died on his arrival at NSW. R.
Taylor, a son of Mrs. Dunhill to a former husband, was also
transported. Thus have we traced the dark events which have
distinguished this ill fated family, and here we must again remark
that one so thoroughly criminal, whose guilt so uniformly extends
alike through its matrimonial alliances and its hereditary descent
is almost without parallel. Belfast Newsletter 29 January 1828
life of Snowden Dunhill, written by himself" published in 1834
(From "Yorkshire Oddities" by S. Baring-Gould, MA. printed in 1877).
James Porter Autobiography 1840 - 1844 - State Library of New
Town Gazette 6 February 1824