Convict Ship Brampton 1823
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Embarked 172 men
Voyage 165 days
arrived 9 March 1823
Woodman arrived 25 June 1823
Captain Samuel Moore
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Brampton was built in 1817 at King's Lynn for W.J. Bottomley.
She was taken up for the
India Company service in 1820, and left the service in 1821
before sailing on a whaling voyage. She was engaged as a convict
transport in 1822 and departed London for Cork on 28th July 1822.
In correspondence dated 17 October 1822 from Dr. Edward Trevor, Dublin, to Henry Goulburn, Chief Secretary,
Dublin Castle, Dr. Trevor indicated that he had inspected the one
hundred and seventy-two male convicts on the Brampton at
the Cove of Cork and that amongst supplies included for the voyage
were ‘cheap Paper Books and ink provided for the Establishment of a
Chief Secretary's Office Registered Papers, National Archives.
The Brampton was the next convict ship
to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of
Harcourt in September 1822.
The Military Guard
consisted of a detachment of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs). Quarter Master
and his large family arrived as passengers.
Other ships bringing detachments of the
3rd regiment included the
Morgan Price was employed as Surgeon Superintendent. He
kept a Medical Journal from 30 September 1822 to 28 April
On the 30 September 1822, 120 male convicts were
received on board from the gaol and depot of Cork. Many of these men
had been in prison for a considerable length of time and several had
scorbutic sores. By mid October several prisoners were suffering
from catarrhal which Morgan Price treated with bleeding and laxative
medicine. They were still at anchor in the Cove of Cork at the end
of October when at the instigation of Mr. Price, two prisoners were
punished with 2 dozen lashes for fighting.
not confined to the prisoners on this voyage as the Captain of the
ship proved to be a violent and abusive man. The surgeon recorded in
October his first experience with the difficult Captain Moore, who
was hurling abuse at the Officer of the Guard Thomas Coulson
(Buffs). A call to arms for both the crew and soldiers had been made
and Morgan Price attempted to cool the situation before retiring to
his cabin to write a report of the incident. An investigation of the
two officers was held early in November by Captains Robouleau and
Jones who presented their finding to Lord Colville. Morgan Price was
informed that in the event of any future misunderstanding between
Thomas Coulson quartermaster of the 3rd Buffs and Captain Samuel
Moore, that they should refer the matter to him (Price) and his
opinion on all occasion was to be taken.
got under weigh at 2pm on 8 November 1822 and within a week
prisoners were again affected with catarrhal. By early December
scurvy had made its appearance. On the 7th December they made the
island of St. Anthony. (Did not land?)
A school had been
commenced on board and the surgeon reported on the 17 December 1822
that the greatest number of prisoners were very attentive to their
schooling and several who came on board were not able to spell or
even had any knowledge of the alphabet were able to read with some
facility. There was another dispute between Samuel Moore and the
Guard in October which seems to have been settled by Mr. Price and
in February there was yet another disruption caused by Samuel Moore.
The surgeon remarked that he was astonished that they had arrived as
far as they had with such a turbulent fellow as Master.
They came to anchor at Table Bay where they received 12 convicts for
NSW including - John Donnelly, Jaan Paap, John Treasure, David
Thurman, Jaitze Peet, Stephen Green, John Robson, John Bowers, David
Reynoldson, William Rees and John Donaldson. They departed the
Cape on 20 February. Late in March the violent temper of the Captain
was again noted and Morgan Price had occasion to question the
Captain regarding the supply of rum for the Guard which had all been
consumed, although they were supposed to have six months supply.
The Brampton arrived in Port Jackson on
22 April 1823 and on Monday 28 April the prisoners were landed
as per the orders of the Governor Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane.
The prisoners had been on board for nearly seven months by that time
and many were in a weak debilitated state. They were inspected by
the Governor in the morning and afterwards distributed throughout
the colony. The Colonial Secretary's Correspondence has lists
of assignment of some of the men:
23 men were sent to Parramatta
were sent to Liverpool
19 men to Airds district
13 men to
18 men to Windsor
9 men to Bathurst district
When leaving England, Captain Moore had orders
(unless he should receive contrary directions from the owner) to go
afterwards to New Zealand and take in spars and then proceed to
South America. The Brampton was delayed in Sydney in
consequence of some of the crew being imprisoned and did not leave
Sydney until 23rd July. On 7th September while on the return
voyage from New Zealand to Sydney the Brampton was
wrecked in Karadaka Bay. Among the passengers was the Rev.
Samuel Marsden. No lives were lost and Samuel Moore and the crew of
returned from New Zealand to Sydney on the 1st December on the brig Dragon.
Morgan Price was also employed as surgeon
on the convict ships
in 1824 and the
National Archives of Ireland, Ireland to Australia
Transportation database there are about twenty one men listed who
arrived in Australia on the Brampton who later applied to
have their wives and families join them in Australia.
Notes & Links:
Inspection of the convicts of the Brampton
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Brampton in
4. Timothy Relehan on a list of prisoners
applying for their families to be forwarded to NSW......
5. Wreck of the Brampton 23 July 1823.....
6). Return of Convicts of the
Brampton assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March
1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 28 June 1832).....
John Fogerty Shoemaker assigned to Cornelius Prout at Sydney
James Murphy Rope maker and butcher. Assigned to
James Cox at Maitland
Patrick Mulleady Sheep shearer assigned to Patrick
Coulson at Campbelltown
National Archives. Reference: ADM 101/13/3 Description: Diary of
the Brampton convict ship from 30 September 1822 to 28 April 1823 by
Morgan Price, Surgeon and Superintendent.
2. Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The
convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian
History, Sydney : pp.344-345, 384
3. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical
Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line].
Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations,
Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and
predecessors: Office of the Director General
of the Medical Department of the Navy and
predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804
bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and
Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the
Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines,
Coastguard, and related bodies. The National
Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.