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Convict Ship
 Canada 1815

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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850

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Embarked 160 men
Voyage 243 days
Deaths 4
Surgeon's Journal - No
Previous vessel: Northampton arrived 18 June 1815
Next vessel: Francis and Eliza arrived 8 August 1815
Master John Grigg.
Surgeon Superintendent Robert Browne
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail

The Canada and the Francis and Eliza were the next convict ships to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Archduke Charles in May 1812.  

On board the Canada were some prisoners who had been convicted of administering unlawful oaths......

Westmeath Assizes - Mullingar March 17 - James Fox was indicted, for that he on the 10th of November at Balaslock, in the county of Westmeath, did administer an unlawful and treasonable oath to one Patrick Martin, contrary to the statute. William Cunnyham, Patrick Geraghty, James Geraghty and Michael Fox were indicted for that they on the same day, and at the same place, did aid and assist said James Fox in administering an unlawful and treasonable oath. All were convicted on the testimony of Patrick Martin and sentenced to be transported. Loghlin White, Martin McDaniel James Burke and Christopher Malone, convicted on the informations of James Connell, who was afterwards murdered. They were convicted of administering unlawful oaths and sentenced to 7 years transportation. (1)

There were also common thieves -  

Dublin City Quarter Sessions, Tuesday August 16 - John Moran and John Hugo, indicted for feloniously stealing a pair of pantaloons, the property of Anthony Ryan. The prosecutor swore he detected the prisoners selling the pantaloons in about ten minutes after they were stolen. There were four thieves together; two made their escape. The prisoners made no defence, and were found guilty. Recorder - "This is the third or fourth time, Mr. Hugo, that you have been before the Court. To be transported for seven years." (2)

The Canada and Francis and Eliza departed Cork on 5th December 1814 in convoy.  Passengers on the Canada included Lieut. Sutton of 1st Royals in command of a small detachment and Ensign Mayne of 46th regiment with a detachment to join the regiment. The Headquarters of the 46th regiment commanded by Lieut-Col George James Molle arrived on the Windham and other detachments arrived on the
Lord Eldon, Fame, Recovery, Elizabeth, Larkins, Three Bees, General Hewitt, Guildford, Surry, Surry, Shipley, Sir William Bensley, Morley, Marquis of Wellington and Bencoolen.  

Provost Marshal Martin Timms and family all bound for Van Diemen's Land also came passengers on the Canada. (See Australian Dictionary of Biography)  

The Francis and Eliza was captured by the American privateer Warrior, whose captain plundered the vessel before restoring it to the captain and crew. The Canada re-joined with the Francis and Eliza at Teneriffe and under convoy of the Ulysses frigate went with her to Senegal, next to Goree, and afterwards lo Sierra Leone. They sailed together for the Cape of Good Hope, where they arrived the 12th of May, and remained three weeks to refresh.    

The Canada left the Cape in company with the Frances and Eliza and arrived in Sydney on 5th August 1815. The voyage had taken 243 days and four or five convicts died on the passage out.  On the voyage the Canada spoke the Hebe, bound for New South Wales and brought with her the news of the possibility of renewal of hostilities between England and France.  

After landing the male prisoners of the Canada were distributed to Windsor (64 men), Parramatta (25 men) and Liverpool (11 men) for assignment to settlers and government service.  

The Canada departed Port Jackson bound for Batavia on 25 October 1815.

Notes & Links:  

1). Political Prisoners  

2). Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Canada in 1815  

3). Convict John Bruce was later employed as an overseer at Newcastle. In 1820 he received a conditional pardon for his steady industry and good conduct in the construction of the windmill at Newcastle.
This stone built windmill was built on the site where the obelisk now stands. The following image was engraved by Walter Preston who was a convict at Newcastle in the years 1814 - 1817 and shows a view of Newcastle as it might have appeared from the Windmill site.

 034 - Plate 9 View of Hunter's River Newcastle New South Wales from Captain James Wallis - Historical Account (1821)
'An historical account of the colony of New South Wales and its dependent settlements : in illustration of twelve views / engraved by W. Preston from drawings taken on the spot by Captain Wallis'. (Cultural Collections, University of Newcastle)    

4). James Steel, who was found guilty at Carrickfergus assizes of stealing a cow, was sentenced to 14 years transportation - Belfast Newsletter 17 August 1813  

5). Six convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1815 -
Marquis of Wellington, Indefatigable, Northampton, Canada, Francis & Eliza and the Baring.

6). The Canada brought convicts to Australia in
1801, 1810, 1815 1817 and 1819  

7). Conditional pardon granted to Patrick Geraghty ......Patrick Geraghty was born in Westmeath, Ireland, about 1792. With his brother James, he was convicted of robbery in 1814.  Patrick Geraghty was a labourer at Appin, a farmer at Woonoona and a constable at Kiama. (State Library of NSW)

8).  Return of Convicts of the Canada assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832).....

William Clitheroe - Paper maker assigned to Thomas Barker at the Steam Engine

9). Convicts of the Canada identified in the Hunter Valley region:

Name Convicted at Location NSW
John Aldwell Limerick 1814 St. Helier's, Upper Hunter 1828
John BruceDublin City 1814 Newcastle 1818-20
Patrick Caslin Roscommon 1814 Patrick Plains 1828
Theophilus Chamberlain Queens Co. 1814 Newcastle 1820
William Clitheroe Dublin City 1814 Newcastle 1823
William Cooper Dublin City 1814 Newcastle 1820
James Dobbin Dublin City 1814 Newcastle 1820
Thomas Farrell Roscommon 1814 Newcastle 1819
Thomas Fitzpatrick Dublin City 1814 Newcastle 1816
Patrick Geoghegan Kings Co. 1814 Newcastle 1819
John Howlett Wexford 1814 Newcastle 1820
John Kelly Dublin City 1813 Port Stephens 1824
Hugh Maguire Dublin city 1813 Newcastle 1821
John Martin Dublin City 1814 Newcastle 1817
Owen McNally Monaghan 1814 Newcastle 1818
Eneas McDonald/ McDonnell Dublin City 1814 Newcastle 1816
John McEwin / McKeown Down 1812 Luskintyre 1828
Michael McGrath Dublin City 1813 Newcastle 1818
Peter McGue/ McGrough Monaghan 1814 Newcastle 1820
John McKeag / McKeay Antrim 1814Newcastle 1820
William Murphy Queens Co. 1814 Wollombi 1842
Charles (?) Riley   Newcastle 1817
John Roan/ Rowan Antrim 1813 Newcastle 1821
Christopher Robinson Dublin City 1814 Newcastle 1817
John Stubbs Dublin City 1814 Newcastle 1817


(1) Freeman's Journal 16 March 1814

(2) Freeman's Journal 21 June 1814



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