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Convict Ship England 1835 


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(Convicts and passengers from this ship only)

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Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850

J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y

Embarked 230 men
Voyage 112 days
Deaths 0
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Mary arrived 6 September 1835
Next vessel: Backwell arrived 29 September 1835
Captain Thomas Bacon
Surgeon Superintendent Obadiah Pineo
Some of the convicts arriving on the England were tried and convicted at the Old Bailey and imprisoned at Newgate before being sent to the hulks. Select here to find out what it may have been like to be imprisoned in Newgate in 1835.

The England departed Portsmouth 8th June 1835 with 230 male prisoners and arrived in Port Jackson on 28th September 1835.

Obadiah Pineo R.N. kept a medical Journal from 12th May 1835 to 20 October 1835. Although he was a well experienced surgeon, this was his first appointment as surgeon superintendent on a convict ship.

He embarked on the England on 1st June 1835 at Portsmouth. He noted that of the 230 male prisoners some had bodily infirmity such as contracted limbs, others with distorted limbs and three of them were over 60 years of age.  Most however were young and had all the appearance of health.

The first case recorded in his journal was on the 1 June when Thomas Berriman, age 17, presented with a sprain of the wrist joint in consequence of it being suddenly bent backwards by another prisoner when getting into the vessel which brought them to the England.
The following prisoners were treated by Obediah Pineo while the England still lay at Spithead.....Edward Johnstone age 18 was treated for an irregularity on the joint of his finger;  Thomas Millington age 35 for chest pains and John Holgate for furunculi on his cheek on 3 June. On 4th June Charles Preston age 46 was treated for eruptions on the face and neck, James Sweeten was vaccinated in both arms. On 5th June Mark Grand age 20 was treated for Catarrhus and slight cough. Several other men were treated by the surgeon before the vessel set sail on the 8th June.

There were no epidemic diseases during the voyage. The vaccine with which he was supplied did not succeed in a single instance. There were a great number of spontaneous cases of ptyalism (Excessive salivation)............
About 40 cases directly after leaving England which I am unable to account for unless perhaps to the great change of diet, use of tobacco and strong excitement on leaving their native land, many of them forever. For all men however hardened must have experienced painful emotions on leaving their native land under such circumstances.

A few cases of scurvy took place, the latter part of the voyage of mild character. It appeared amongst the young prisoners and in the form of discoloured legs with some hardness and spongy bleeding gums.. With these port wine every day and lime juice with sugar and water were used freely..........

For the prevention of scurvy in these ships much appears to depend on the cleanliness and ventilation of the prisons which ought to be kept as dry as possible. The free use of chlorate of lime and also of vinegar throughout the whole of the prisoners as well as down the water closets daily are most favourable for the preservation of a pure air and doing away all unpleasant smells. Next to these is keeping the whole of the prisoners on deck whenever the weather will allow of it; and keeping them employed in some way or other not the least amongst all the probably means of securing good health is their full allowance of provisions and that provisions thoroughly cooked with a liberal allowance of wholesome water. Washing their clothes at proper seasons and bathing generally in the warm latitude will also greatly contribute to the preservation of good health and add much to comfort of each man

Passengers included D.A.C.G. Smith, Captain James Henry Crummer, Mrs Crummer and 3 children, Ensign Ewen and 29 rank and file of the 28th regt., 9 women and 7 children.

The printed convict indents are arranged in alphabetical order by the place of conviction:
Place of Convictons Convicted
Berkshire 4 men
Cambridgeshire 9 men
Central Criminal Court 64 men
Cornwall 1 man
Devonshire 4 men
Dorsetshire 3 men
Essex 9 men
Hereford 1 man
Lancaster 4 men
Middlesex 12 men
Norfolk 16 men
Northampton 5 men
Oxford 2 men
Somersetshire 5 men
Southampton 13 men
Staffordshire 2 men
Suffolk 9 men
Surrey 17 men
Sussex 13 men
Warwickshire 13 men
Wiltshire 14 men
Yorkshire 3 men
Dominica 1 man
Guernsey Royal Court 2 men
Newfoundland 1 man
Jamaica court-martial 2 men
Devonport court-martial 1 man

Convict ships bringing detachments of the 28th regiment included Recovery, Marquis of Huntley,
Charles Kerr, Westmoreland, Norfolk, Backwell, England, John Barry, Susan, Waterloo, Moffatt, Strathfieldsaye, Portsea and Lady McNaughten

Soldiers of the 28th regiment stationed in Newcastle & Maitland 1836-37 included

Notes & Links:

1). Obadiah Pineo was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships Pyramus in 1836 and the Lord Lyndoch in 1838.

2).  Below is a list of convicts of the England who have been identified in the Hunter Valley and were later assigned to settlers such as John Laurio Platt, William Ogilvie, Timothy Nowlan and Thomas Bartie.  Find out more about these Hunter Valley convicts here

Robert Adams

Joseph Allen

William Bartlett

Thomas Berryman

William Bird

Thomas Braughton

Matthew Bryan

Robert Bugden

John Coleman

Robert Daniels

William Davies

Thomas Ditnon

 Richard Fryer

Samuel Furler

Timothy Grady

Thomas Hancock

William Harmer

Enoch Haven

Joseph Heale

John Hempson

Joseph Holden

John James (Joseph Woodfall)

William Jessup

Edward Johnson

Samuel Johnson

William Johnstone

John Jones

William Jones

William Kendall

Nicholas Lane

George Lavell

John Laws

Denis Leary

William Leffage

George Loman

James Lovelock

Joseph Malpas

John Manning

Thomas Manning

Robert May

Patrick McCormick

Samuel Morley

William Newman

Charles Niblet

William Parker

James Parkington

William Payne

John Shadbolt

George Smith

Phillip Smith

Thomas Smith

Thomas Sorrell

George Thomas

James Thompson

William Thorpe

Henry Wadey

Daniel Watson

James Webb

Joseph Willoughby



1). UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 (Ancestry)



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