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Convict Ship Friendship 1788

Embarked 80 male; 21 female prisoners
6 male and 7 female children of convicts
Tons: 274
Master Francis Walton
Assistant Surgeon Thomas Arndell
Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail
A List of Convicts on the First Fleet

VOYAGE OF THE FIRST FLEET

Magnify the map above by scrolling then click on the ship icons to read accounts from First Fleet Journals. Each of the eleven ships is represented by a different colour.  Enlarge the map using the icon on the top right. Select here to find out more about this map

BOTANY BAY

The Friendship arrived in Botany Bay on 19th January 1788. Botany Bay was found unsuitable - the soil was poor and water scarce and on the 21st January Governor Phillip accompanied by officers set off in three open boats to examine the coast in the hope of finding a more suitable site for settlement. Finding in a cove of 'this noble and capacious harbour' a sufficiency of water and soil, he returned to Botany Bay after an absence of 3 days and gave directions for immediate removal to Port Jackson.



SYDNEY COVE

At Sydney Cove Governor Philip and Officers raised the British flag and took formal possession. Later, on the evening of the 26th January more people were landed and the whole assembled where they had first landed and a union jack had been displayed. The marines fired several vollies and toasts to the health of His Majesty and the success of the new colony were given. The women remained on the ships until the 6th February. Surgeon Arthur Bowes Smyth of the Lady Penrhyn kept a journal during the voyage. He described the day in February when all the women were landed from the various vessels:

Wednesday 6th February 1788..... This day at 5 o'clock, all things were got in order for landing the whole of the women, and 3 of the ships longboats came alongside of us to receive them; previous to their going out of the ship, a strict search was made to try if any of the many things which they had stolen on board could be found, but their artifice eluded the most strict search, and at six o'clock p.m. we had the long wished for pleasure of seeing the last of them leave the ship. They were dressed in general very clean, and some few amongst them might be said to be well dressed. The convicts got to them very soon after their landing and the scene of debauchery and riot that ensued during the night may be better conceived than expressed.  Select here to read more from the journal of Arthur Bowes Smyth at the National Library of Australia.



DEPARTURE OF THE FRIENDSHIP FROM THE COLONY

John White recorded in his journal the day the Friendship departed the colony..... 13th July 1788. - The Alexander, Friendship, and Prince of Wales transports, with the Borrowdale victualler, sailed for England. His Majesty's brig the Supply sailed at the same time for Norfolk Island, with provisions, etc. for the people there.

The next convict ship to arrive in New South Wales after the First Fleet was the Lady Juliana.



NOTES AND LINKS

1). James Thoudy arrived as a convict on the Friendship. He died in Sydney in November 1795 and was buried in the Old Sydney Burial Ground.

2). The first white women to set foot on Australian shores - The Canberra Times 27th January 1986

3). The Friendship was scuttled at Borneo on her way to Canton from Botany Bay. The crew joined the Alexander and returned to England in June 1789. .......

In July 1788 the transports Alexander Friendship Prince of Wales and Borrowdale sailed from Port Jackson under Lieutenant Shortland by way as it was intended of Endeavour Strait but as it turned out by the Pelew islands China Sea and Sunda straits Bad weather overtaking the vessels after leaving Sydney they became separated the Friendship only remaining in company with the Alexander In which latter was Lieutenant Shortland The Middleton reef and island New Georgia and Shortland of the Solomon islands the Treasury Four and Wallis islands were discovered Pellew islands were communicated with and the north east Coast of Borneo reached October 1 7th Here the crews of the vessels having been terribly reduced by scurvy the Friendship was sunk and the remnant of her ships company transferred to the Alexander Continuing to Batavia the Alexander arrived November 19th in an almost helpless state only one man besides the officers being able to work aloft A new crew was here embarked and at the Cape of Good Hope the Sirius Captain Hunter fallen in with who gave Lieutenant Shortland information that the missing transports Borrowdale and Prince of Wales had returned to England by the southern passage The Alexander arrived at the Isle of Wight May 28th 1789....... Memoirs of Hydrography


4). Female prisoners embarked on the Friendship included:

Elizabeth Barber (M)Age 27. Book stitcher. Tried in London. Sent on board the Prince of Wales 28 October 1787
Ann BaigleyAge 21. Sent on Board the Charlotte 11 August 87Elizabeth ClarkAge 20. Sent on board the Prince of Wales 28 October
Elizabeth Dudgeon (M)Age 23. Sent on board the Charlotte 28 August 87
Rachael Earley/ Harley (M)Age 24.
Susannah GaughtAge 24.
Hannah GreenAge 31.
Margaret Hall (M)Age 22. Margaret Hall died in December 1807 and was buried in the Old Sydney Burial Grounds.
Frances Hart (M)Age 36. Mantua maker. Given thread by Ralph Clarke so that she could make him another pair of trousers.
Elizabeth HerveyAge 32.
Susannah HolmesAge 22.
Sarah McCormackAge 20. One of the women who broke through the bulk head at the Motherbank. In August, very ill and thought by surgeon Arndell not to be able to last the night.
Elizabeth MasonAge 22.
Mary McCormackAge 24.
Isabella OldfieldAge 25 .
Elizabeth Parker Jane Parkinson/ PartingtonAge 24.
Elizabeth PulleyAge 26.
Elizabeth PughAge 22.
Elizabeth ThackeryAge 22.
Charlotte Ware (M)Age 26.
Mary WatkinsAge 19.


5). Lieutenant Clark kept a record of all the convicts both male and female who had been involved in the Mercury Mutiny in 1784. The women who had been involved in the mutiny on the Mercury are marked with an 'M' in the list above.

The Mercury, bound to America in 1784 with one hundred and seventy convicts on board, was seized by the prisoners. (one of whom was said to be Thomas Barrett who later arrived in Australia on the Charlotte). The captain and officers were put in irons after a fierce battle; but the convicts having brought the ship into Torbay, Devon, they launched a boat and about sixty went on shore, armed; a second attempt to land was made by the remainder next morning; but the captain and his people, having escaped from their chains, and obtained assistance from a King's ship, immediately captured them. [5]


6). Only one prisoner of the Friendship has so far been identified in the Hunter Valley - Joseph Trimbey


7). Henry Kable arrived on the Friendship. The following information has been supplied by descendant Jane van Woerkom.....

January 1788 Henry Kable and Susannah Holmes - First Fleeters arrived per “Friendship and Charlotte” 10th February 1788 Henry and Susannah marry one of the first five marriages conducted in the Colony on this day
July 1788 Henry Kable pursues first court action of the colony seeking damages for loss of property during First Fleet voyage - wins case – receives fifteen pound damages* see Supreme Court of NSW cases Decisions of the Superior Courts of New South Wales, 1788–1899. Cable v. Sinclair. Court of Civil Jurisdiction. David Collins J.A., July 1788

1798 Sydney Henry Kable runs first stage coach service in the colony/ “Australia” from Ramping Horse Inn which he owns and is situated next to the goal in the current George Street Sydney; now the site of Four Seasons Hotel

December 1788 birth of Diana Kable second white child born in the colony; first white child to reach maturity… mother of John Teale b 1820 Windsor (birth not registered ) father of, Caroline Teale b 1847 Windsor, mother of- Caroline Howard b1886 Bundarra, mother of - Florence Hall b 1907 Tamworth great niece of Ben Hall, mother of - Moyah Lane b1930 Tamworth, mother of Jane (submitter of this information).

1809 Diana Kable marriage to William Gaudry marriage record No 1 of St Philips Church Sydney

March 1854 Diana Kable Gaudry/Teale – death of oldest white Australian

1968 - on the 180th anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet, more than a hundred descendants of Henry and Susannah Kable met in Sydney at Crows Nest to honour them as the heads of one of Australia's founding families. It was the first reunion to acknowledge convict ancestry.

1984 - Zillah Kab1984 - Zillah Kable Thomas and Lola Wilkinson descendants of Henry and Susannah, unveiled a plaque commemorating Henry's land grant on the site of the Regent Hotel, (now known as the Four Seasons Hotel.) At this time the restaurant Kable's was also opened. In 2010 the plaque is still there despite the change of owners and the hotel name (Four Seasons).


8). Convicts received on to the Friendship:

William Eyres age 24, sadler. Offence stealing 6 guineas. Tried Winchester 1783. Sentence 7 years (M)

Thomas Yardsley, 32, gardener, Offence: sheep stealing. Tried Shrewsbury 1784. Sentence 7 years.

Curtis Bryn, 23, no occupation. Sentenced to 7 years for stealing 2 game cocks. Tried Midston 1784 (M)

William Harris, 34, Buckle maker. Tried Winchester 1783. Sentenced to 7 years for horse stealing. (M)

Joseph Mawley, 26, Silk dyer. Tried Winchester 1783 sentenced to 7 yeras for highway robbery. (M)

Patrick Burn, 26, baker, Tried at Exeter, sentenced to 7 years transportation for highway robbery (M)

Redmond McGrath, 28, Tried London 1783. Sentenced to 7 years transportation for house breaking

Wm. Edwards 25 Brick makr. Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Bedfordshire M 1787

Jas. Grace 18 Shoe Makr. 1 Pr. of Stocking 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex M 1787

Dick McDeed 28 Shoe Maker Steag. 6 Guineas 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex M 1787

Jno. Rouse 28 Bricklayer Steag. Slops 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Norfolk M 1787

Andw. Ronold 32 None Forgery 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex M 1787

Thos. Hill 28 Ls. Breechs. Makr. Steag. a Watch 7 Yrs. Dorchester 1783 Dorches Shruesbury M 1787

Edwd. Flin 27 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex M 1787

Simon Burn 30 Stockg. Weaver High Way 7 Yrs. Exeter 1783 Devonshire M 1787

Wm. McNamara 21 Seaman 1 Pr. of k: Buckles 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex 1787

Mickl. Bryan 20 None Wearg. app. 14 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex M 1787

Jos. Bishop 23 Fisherman a Handkerchief 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex M 1787

Jno. Penny 27 Jeweller Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex M 1787

Heny. Taylor 33 Stockg. Weaver an Iron Bar 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex Derbyshire

Thos. Stretch 33 Miller Old Iron 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1783 Shropshire Chester 1787

Frans. Woodcock 48 None Sheap Steag. 14 Yrs. Exeter 1783 Devonshire 1787

Jas. Murphy 44 Shoe Makr. High Way 7 Yrs. Exeter 1783 Devonshire M 1787

Jas. Thody 27 Plasterer Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1782 Middlesex Middlesex M 1787

Thos. Hughs 24 None Horse Stealg. 7 Yrs. Oxford 1782 Berkshire M 1787

Thos. Turner 30 None High Way 7 Yrs. Oxford 1782 Berkshire M 1787

Danl. Barnett 30 Waterman Kings Stores 7 Yrs. Winchester 1783 Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Wm. Field 25 None High Way 7 Yrs. Winchester 1783 Hertfordshire M March the 11 1787

Mark Wood 24 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Shropshire M March the 11 1787

Richd. Davis 28 Printer Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Jno. Best 27 None House Break 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Jas. Dodding 22 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Jno. Load 22 None 3 Guineas 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Robt. Sidaway 28 Watch case maker Wearg. app Life London 1782 1782 Middlesex

Henry. Lovall 23 Ivory Turn. Forgery Life London Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Jno. Spence 23 None 2 lb of Tea 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Thos. Hudson 13 None House Break. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Thos. Oldfield 25 Woollen Drapr. Buyg. Stog. Goods 7 Yrs. Manchester 1786 Yorkshire March the 11 1787

Moses Tucker 35 Carpenter Forgery 7 Yrs. Plymouth 1786 Devon Cornwall Exchangd. to the Scarborough 27th. Octr. 1787 March the 11 1787

Heny. Cable 20 None House Break 7 Yrs. Norwitch 1783 Norfolk Suffolk

Jno. Lambeth 24 BlackSmith Steag. £1–19 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785 Warwickshire March the 11 1787

Roger Twyfield 27 None Steag. 5lb of Suett [?] 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1783 Shropshire Shropshire March the 11 1787

Wm. Jones 21 Stockg. Weaver Steag. £4–14 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1785 Shropshire Shropshire March the 11 1787

Thos. Jones 23 Bricklayer House Breakg. 14 Yrs. Bristol 1784 Warwickshire March the 11 1787

Jerh. Learly 22 None House Breakg. 14 Yrs. Bristol 1784 March the 11 1787

Stepn. Le Grove 29 Water Man Steag. Deals 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Wm. Fairly 17 None Steag. 2lb of Sugar 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785 March the 11 1787

Jas. Neel 18 None Steag. 2lb of Sugar 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785 Glostershire March the 11 1787

Mattw. Mills 24 None High Way 7 Yrs. Oxford 1783 Berkshire M March the 11 1787

Jno. Patrick 42 Miner Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. 1785 Cornwall March the 11 1787

Ed. Parkins 57 Brick Makr. 1 Game Cock 7 Yrs. 1783 Devonshire March the 11 1787

Wm. Brice 16 None Looking Glass 7 Yrs. Bristol 1783 Glostershire March the 11 1787

Jos. Jameson 20 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. Midston 1784 M March the 11 1787

Jno. Barns 19 None 3 pr. of Stockg. 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785 March the 11 1787

Jno. Fendlow 21 None Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Patk. Delany 25 None High Way 7 Yrs. D:D: the 24 June 1787 at Sea Latte. 9:11 North March the 11 1787

Jno. Bailis 37 Silver Smith 1 oz of Silver 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex Brmingd. [?] M March the 11 1787

Thos. Pritchard 26 None Wearg. app 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Jas. Mackay 25 Weaver 2 Waiscoats 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex M March the 11 1787

Coopr. Handy 33 Weaver High Way 7 Yrs. Salisbury 1783 Yorkshire M March the 11 1787

Jno. Baughn 33 Cabt. Makr. 1 pr. of Blanks. 7 Yrs. Oxford 1783 Warwickshire M

Wm. Haynes 32 Cabt. Maker H: Way 1-6d. 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Middlesex M 

Richd. Cartwright 44 Farmer 2 Baggs Malt 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1784 Shropshire Staffordshire 

Richd. Jones 34 Miller 4 Bullock 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1784 Shropshire Shruesbury Shropshire M

Jno. Bennet 19 None High Way 7 Yrs. March the 11 1787

Jas. Hussey 33 None Horse Steag. 7 Yrs. Oxford 1784 Oxfordshire Oxfordshire M March the 11 1787

Jno. Turner 44 Ship Wright Midston 1784 Kent Kent M March the 11 1787

Chas. Granger 28 Ls. Breech Mkr. 2 Sheets & Quilt 7 Yrs. Plymouth 1786 Devonshire Devonshire March the 11 1787

Jos. Owen 60 None a Tea Kettle 14 Yrs. Shruesbury 1785 Shropshire Shropshire March the 11 1787

Geog. Clair 53 Shoe Makr. 1 piece Dimity 7 Yrs. London 1783 Middlesex Manchester M March the 11 1787

Wm. Davis 57 Taylor Sheap Steag. 7 Yrs. Shruesbury 1784 Shropshire Shropshire March the 11 1787

Jos. Elliott 20 Gardener a pockt. Book 7 Yrs. March the 11 1787

Jno. Wisihamer 15 None 1 Bladder Snuff 7 Yrs. Bristol 1785 Glostershire March the 11 1787

Jno. Ryan 20 Silk Weaver Wearg. appl. 7 Yrs. March the 11 1787

Jos. Tenihile 21 None 7/- West of India peper 7 Yrs. London 1784 Middlesex M Apl. 10 1787

Ed. Pugh 22 House Carptr. Wearg. Appl. 7 Yrs. Gloster 1783 Glostershire Shropshire [


List of the Female convicts on board the Friendship Transport May the 13th 1787


List of Female Convicts Received from the Charlotte Transport

Augst. 11th/87 Hanah Smith Octr. 28th/87 Lady Penrhyn Augst.
11th/87 Fanny Anderson Octr. 28/87 Lady Penrhyn Augst.
11th/87 Margt. Stuart Octr. 28th/87 Lady Penrhyn Augst.
11th/87 Mary Phillips Octr. 28th/87 Prince of Wales Augst.
11th/87 Ann Coombs Octr. 28th/87 Prince of Wales Augst.
11th/87 Elizh. Coole Octr. 28th/87 Prince of Wales



9) A List of Convicts on the First Fleet


A List of Convicts on the First Fleet


REFERENCES:

[1] A new and complete system of universal geography, or, An authentic history ... By Christopher Kelly

[2] HR NSW., vol VII., p19

[3] Freeman's Journal 3 June 1788

[4] Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales Author: John White (1757/8-1832

[5] History of New South Wales, Vol. 1., Governor Philip 1783 - 1789