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Links to Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land 1788 - 1850


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Convict Ship Friendship 1788

Embarked 80 male; 21 female prisoners
6 male and 7 female children of convicts
Tons: 274
Master Francis Walton
Assistant Surgeon Thomas Arndell
Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail
A List of Convicts on the First Fleet


Magnify the map above by scrolling then click on the ship icons to read accounts from First Fleet Journals. Each of the eleven ships is represented by a different colour.  Enlarge the map using the icon on the top right. Select here to find out more about this map


The Friendship arrived in Botany Bay on 19th January 1788. Botany Bay was found unsuitable - the soil was poor and water scarce and on the 21st January Governor Phillip accompanied by officers set off in three open boats to examine the coast in the hope of finding a more suitable site for settlement. Finding in a cove of 'this noble and capacious harbour' a sufficiency of water and soil, he returned to Botany Bay after an absence of 3 days and gave directions for immediate removal to Port Jackson.


At Sydney Cove Governor Philip and Officers raised the British flag and took formal possession. Later, on the evening of the 26th January more people were landed and the whole assembled where they had first landed and a union jack had been displayed. The marines fired several vollies and toasts to the health of His Majesty and the success of the new colony were given. The women remained on the ships until the 6th February. Surgeon Arthur Bowes Smyth of the Lady Penrhyn kept a journal during the voyage. He described the day in February when all the women were landed from the various vessels:

Wednesday 6th February 1788..... This day at 5 o'clock, all things were got in order for landing the whole of the women, and 3 of the ships longboats came alongside of us to receive them; previous to their going out of the ship, a strict search was made to try if any of the many things which they had stolen on board could be found, but their artifice eluded the most strict search, and at six o'clock p.m. we had the long wished for pleasure of seeing the last of them leave the ship. They were dressed in general very clean, and some few amongst them might be said to be well dressed. The convicts got to them very soon after their landing and the scene of debauchery and riot that ensued during the night may be better conceived than expressed.  Select here to read more from the journal of Arthur Bowes Smyth at the National Library of Australia.


John White recorded in his journal the day the Friendship departed the colony..... 13th July 1788. - The Alexander, Friendship, and Prince of Wales transports, with the Borrowdale victualler, sailed for England. His Majesty's brig the Supply sailed at the same time for Norfolk Island, with provisions, etc. for the people there.

The next convict ship to arrive in New South Wales after the First Fleet was the Lady Juliana.


1). James Thoudy arrived as a convict on the Friendship. He died in Sydney in November 1795 and was buried in the Old Sydney Burial Ground.

2). The first white women to set foot on Australian shores - The Canberra Times 27th January 1986

3). The Friendship was scuttled at Borneo on her way to Canton from Botany Bay. The crew joined the Alexander and returned to England in June 1789. .......

In July 1788 the transports Alexander Friendship Prince of Wales and Borrowdale sailed from Port Jackson under Lieutenant Shortland by way as it was intended of Endeavour Strait but as it turned out by the Pelew islands China Sea and Sunda straits Bad weather overtaking the vessels after leaving Sydney they became separated the Friendship only remaining in company with the Alexander In which latter was Lieutenant Shortland The Middleton reef and island New Georgia and Shortland of the Solomon islands the Treasury Four and Wallis islands were discovered Pellew islands were communicated with and the north east Coast of Borneo reached October 1 7th Here the crews of the vessels having been terribly reduced by scurvy the Friendship was sunk and the remnant of her ships company transferred to the Alexander Continuing to Batavia the Alexander arrived November 19th in an almost helpless state only one man besides the officers being able to work aloft A new crew was here embarked and at the Cape of Good Hope the Sirius Captain Hunter fallen in with who gave Lieutenant Shortland information that the missing transports Borrowdale and Prince of Wales had returned to England by the southern passage The Alexander arrived at the Isle of Wight May 28th 1789....... Memoirs of Hydrography

4). Female prisoners embarked on the Friendship included:

Elizabeth Barber (M)Age 27. Book stitcher. Tried in London. Sent on board the Prince of Wales 28 October 1787
Ann BaigleyAge 21. Sent on Board the Charlotte 11 August 87Elizabeth ClarkAge 20. Sent on board the Prince of Wales 28 October
Elizabeth Dudgeon (M)Age 23. Sent on board the Charlotte 28 August 87
Rachael Earley/ Harley (M)Age 24.
Susannah GaughtAge 24.
Hannah GreenAge 31.
Margaret Hall (M)Age 22. Margaret Hall died in December 1807 and was buried in the Old Sydney Burial Grounds.
Frances Hart (M)Age 36. Mantua maker. Given thread by Ralph Clarke so that she could make him another pair of trousers.
Elizabeth HerveyAge 32.
Susannah HolmesAge 22.
Sarah McCormackAge 20. One of the women who broke through the bulk head at the Motherbank. In August, very ill and thought by surgeon Arndell not to be able to last the night.
Elizabeth MasonAge 22.
Mary McCormackAge 24.
Isabella OldfieldAge 25 .
Elizabeth Parker Jane Parkinson/ PartingtonAge 24.
Elizabeth PulleyAge 26.
Elizabeth PughAge 22.
Elizabeth ThackeryAge 22.
Charlotte Ware (M)Age 26.
Mary WatkinsAge 19.

5). Lieutenant Clark kept a record of all the convicts both male and female who had been involved in the Mercury Mutiny in 1784. The women who had been involved in the mutiny on the Mercury are marked with an 'M' in the list above.

The Mercury, bound to America in 1784 with one hundred and seventy convicts on board, was seized by the prisoners. (one of whom was said to be Thomas Barrett who later arrived in Australia on the Charlotte). The captain and officers were put in irons after a fierce battle; but the convicts having brought the ship into Torbay, Devon, they launched a boat and about sixty went on shore, armed; a second attempt to land was made by the remainder next morning; but the captain and his people, having escaped from their chains, and obtained assistance from a King's ship, immediately captured them. [5]

6). Only one prisoner of the Friendship has so far been identified in the Hunter Valley - Joseph Trimbey

7). Henry Kable arrived on the Friendship. The following information has been supplied by descendant Jane van Woerkom.....

January 1788 Henry Kable and Susannah Holmes - First Fleeters arrived per “Friendship and Charlotte” 10th February 1788 Henry and Susannah marry one of the first five marriages conducted in the Colony on this day
July 1788 Henry Kable pursues first court action of the colony seeking damages for loss of property during First Fleet voyage - wins case – receives fifteen pound damages* see Supreme Court of NSW cases Decisions of the Superior Courts of New South Wales, 1788–1899. Cable v. Sinclair. Court of Civil Jurisdiction. David Collins J.A., July 1788

1798 Sydney Henry Kable runs first stage coach service in the colony/ “Australia” from Ramping Horse Inn which he owns and is situated next to the goal in the current George Street Sydney; now the site of Four Seasons Hotel

December 1788 birth of Diana Kable second white child born in the colony; first white child to reach maturity… mother of John Teale b 1820 Windsor (birth not registered ) father of, Caroline Teale b 1847 Windsor, mother of- Caroline Howard b1886 Bundarra, mother of - Florence Hall b 1907 Tamworth great niece of Ben Hall, mother of - Moyah Lane b1930 Tamworth, mother of Jane (submitter of this information).

1809 Diana Kable marriage to William Gaudry marriage record No 1 of St Philips Church Sydney

March 1854 Diana Kable Gaudry/Teale – death of oldest white Australian

1968 - on the 180th anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet, more than a hundred descendants of Henry and Susannah Kable met in Sydney at Crows Nest to honour them as the heads of one of Australia's founding families. It was the first reunion to acknowledge convict ancestry.

1984 - Zillah Kab1984 - Zillah Kable Thomas and Lola Wilkinson descendants of Henry and Susannah, unveiled a plaque commemorating Henry's land grant on the site of the Regent Hotel, (now known as the Four Seasons Hotel.) At this time the restaurant Kable's was also opened. In 2010 the plaque is still there despite the change of owners and the hotel name (Four Seasons).

8) A List of Convicts on the First Fleet

A List of Convicts on the First Fleet


[1] A new and complete system of universal geography, or, An authentic history ... By Christopher Kelly

[2] HR NSW., vol VII., p19

[3] Freeman's Journal 3 June 1788

[4] Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales Author: John White (1757/8-1832

[5] History of New South Wales, Vol. 1., Governor Philip 1783 - 1789