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Convict Ship Glatton 1803


Embarked: males 270; females 135
Voyage: 169 days
Deaths 12-14
Surgeon's Journal: no
Previous vessel: Atlas arrived 30 October 1802
Next vessel: Rolla arrived 12 May 1803
Captain James Colnett.
Surgeon Jacob B. Mountgarrett.
Midshipman James Hewett
First Officer John Bowen
Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail
Prisoners and passengers of the Glatton identified in the Hunter Valley



THE CONVICTS

Convicts to be embarked on the Glatton came from counties in England, Scotland and Wales - Hertford, York, Middlesex, Berkshire, Surrey, Kent, Southampton, Surrey, Lancaster, Isle of Ely, Norfolk, Devon, Gloucester, Cumberland, Bucks, Nottingham, Essex, Salop, London, Northampton, Bristol, Worcester, Somerset, Cornwall, Huntingdon, Bedford, Lincoln, Leicester, Hereford, Suffolk, Wiltshire, Westmoreland, Stafford, Chester, Maidstone, Durham, Denbigh, Brecon, Ayr, Perth, Pembroke, Glamorgan, Montgomery and Monmouth.



The Glatton was reported in May 1802 to be fitting up at Chatham to carry convicts to Botany Bay and bring back masts and the Admiralty produced a set of instructions for Captain Colnett -

Whereas we have thought fit that the ship you command shall be employed on that service, you are, in pursuance of H.M. pleasure signified as above mentioned, so soon as the convicts whom you have been ordered to receive shall be embarked, and the said ship in all respects be ready, hereby required and directed to put to sea and proceed in her to Port Jackson, in the said colony of NSW accordingly calling in your way thither at such place or places as you may judge most convenient and proper for the purpose of obtaining refreshment.

You are to victual the convicts during their continuance on board in the same manner as convicts are usually victualled and on your arrival at Port Jackson to deliver all the said convicts which may then be with you into the charge of the Governor. You are to be very careful to keep a sufficient guard upon the said convicts during the time they may remain on board the ship you command, so as to prevent the execution of any improper designs which they may form; and in case it should be requisite on your passage to New South Wales to provide necessaries for them at any port at which you may stop, you are to purchase such necessaries, if they can be procured, and to draw upon te Lords Comm'rs of H.J. Treasury for the amount thereof.

And whereas the Governor of NSW has been instructed to cause a quantity of timber proper for H.M. service to be cut down and prepared in order to be sent to England for the use of H.M. Dockyards, you are hereby further required and directed to receive on board the ship you command such quantities of the said timber as well as any other produce of the said colony that may be judged proper to be sent Home as you can conveniently stow. (Admiralty to Captain James Colnett 2 September 1802
. [3])

Fully fitted, the Glatton arrived at Portsmouth from the Downs on 31 August. The Morning Post reported in the shipping news of 4th September that she was lying at Spithead and convicts confined on the hulks at Langston Harbour were to be embarked on her. The Glatton was reported to have dropped down to St. Helen's on 14th September 1802.

Correspondence from Lord Pelham to the Treasury, in Historical Records of Australia reveal some of the clothing that was sent on the Glatton........

Lord Pelham to the Treasury
My Lords,
Whitehall,
12th May, 1802
It being judged expedient to send forthwith from this country four hundred convicts to New South Wales, I am to desire that your Lordships will be pleased to cause the necessary directions to be given to the Victualling Board for providing a sufficient and proper quantity of provisions for their subsistence during the voyage, and salted beef or pork only for nine months for them after their arrival at New South Wales. I am also to desire that your Lordships will cause the necessary directions to be given for providing the 270 male convicts the particulars of cloathing as undermentioned, to be consigned to the Governor for the use of such convicts on their arrival at that settlement, and that the said provisions and cloathing may be put on board His Majesty's ship Glatton, which is now fitting at Sheerness for the conveyance of those convicts. It being also intended to allow about forty persons to embark on board the said ship who are going as settlers to that colony, I am to desire that directions may be given for providing the usual quantity of provisions for such number during their voyage thither. ............ 1 blue jacket or waistcoat, 1 p'r Russian duck trowsers, 3 checked shirts ,2 pairs of stockings, 1 pair of shoes, 1 woollen cap
[1]



DEPARTURE

The Glatton departed England on 23 September 1802 and sailed via Madeira and Rio de Janeiro.



PORT JACKSON

The arrival of the Glatton in Sydney Cove on 11 - 12 March 1803 was reported in the Sydney Gazette:

In her way the Glatton put into Rio de Janeiro to refresh. She left England with 270 Male, and 135 Female Prisoners-seven of the former, and five of the latter died; She also brought upwards of 30 Free Settlers, Eight Pieces of Heavy Ordnance, and a quantity of Ordnance Stores. The day before she got into the Cove 100 weak people were taken out, and put on board the Supply, 50 of the most ailing were soon after sent on shore to the General Hospital, where every attention was paid them. Their complaints were slightly scorbutic, of which they are recovering very fast. - [4]


First Hospital at Dawes Point 1796 - 1816 - The Newcastle Sun 10 February 1940


CARGO

Utensils for brewing and hops were also sent on the Glatton. A brewery was later set up at Parramatta...........

Historical Records of Australia Series 1., Vol IV., p 460
{Extract}
Governor King to Lord Hobart
Sydney New South Wales
March 1st 1804
Respecting the utensils for brewing, and the hops sent by the Glatton and Cato, I have a pleasure in saying that the former are all fixed at Parramatta in a building appropriated for that purpose, with a kiln and every other requisite for malting barley and brewing under the same roof. 142 pounds of hops were bartered with a settler who has long brewed in small quantities.

The remainder I shall preserve for the purpose of brewing for the use of those your Lordship points out, which has always been an event much desired by me. A trial has been made in which we have succeeded in making a small quantity to begin with, and I do not doubt but we shall soon carry it on in a very large scale. That which is made is very good, altho' we have no one proficient in brewing to conduct it. In a former letter I stated what might be expected from the utensils for brewing and the hops sent by the Glatton, and that the indifferent kind of barley we possessed would enable us to continue brewing beer when commenced; nor do I doubt but your Lordship's attention to this colony will direct my request being granted for some good seed barley and more hops being sent, also another set of brewing utensils for Sydney and one for Norfolk Island.

It would also be a future benefit if a thousand well established hop plants could be put on board any whaler coming direct.. There are now about forty thriving hop plants growing from a quantity of seed brought by an officer in 1802 which are much taken care of
.



FREE PASSENGERS

Following are of some of the free passengers (not a complete list)......

Rev. Twistleton;
Assistant surgeon John Savage with his wife; William Cuddie (Cuddy);
Bartholomew Morley;
William Cannop and wife;
Jeffrey Bolton and wife;
Richard Wall, tanner;
Chris and Mary Frederick and three children;
John and Ann Stroud;
Isaac Knight, former sergeant of Marines on the First Fleet and wife Elizabeth;
Serjeant Peat and son;
Mrs. Jones;
Bridget Heath;
Frances Jennings;
Mr. Bedell;
Aaron Birt (Burt).[5]
William White, later a wheelwright at Parramatta.

There were families of convicts also who arrived free on the Glatton - Some of those mentioned in the 1811 Muster and/or 1828 Census include -

Sarah Alcorn, wife of convict Richard Alcorn and their son Edward Alcorn;
Aaron and Elizabeth Byrne (possibly the same person as Aaron Birt above);
Mary Greenshaw;
Elizabeth Melville, wife of convict Robert Melville
Mary Pickett wife of convict Henry Pickett
Ann Pugh wife of convict Samuel Pugh
Isabella Moss
Martha Hayes daughter of convict Mary Hayes became Lt. John Bowen's mistress. Martha was described by Joseph Holt in 1805.....I went on to the next farm, which belonged to a Mr. Hayes, who resided there with his wife and daughter. They were manufacturers of straw; plaiting it, in the neatest manner, for the use of ladies. The daughter was a beautiful girl; she was the prettiest violet that I saw growing at the Derwent. [6]



FEMALE CONVICTS

The previous vessel to arrive in New South Wales with female prisoners was the Atlas. In 1803 Ensign George Bond of the New South Wales Corps published A Brief Account of the Colony of Port Jackson detailing the fate of some female prisoners......

Female prisoners in 1802 -03 - Lieut. George Bond



CONVICT INDENTS

The convict indents for the Glatton include only the name of the prisoner, date and place of conviction and sentence.



DEPARTURE FROM PORT JACKSON

The Glatton departed Port Jackson bound for England on 17th May 1803 and the London Times reported that she was on her way to Leith for the purpose of receiving the flag of Admiral Bligh. She was to be stationed as guard ship for the defence of Leith.



NOTES AND LINKS

1). Royal Naval Biography; Or, Memoirs of the Services of All the Flag-officers - John Bowen ... By John Marshal.........

2). Convict Richard Binder arrived on the Glatton. Richard Binder later held the licence for the Australian Inn in Newcastle.

3). Joseph Onus arrived as a prisoner on the Glatton and early Maitland settler Richard Martin also. Find out more about other early settlers in the district HERE.

4). Ann Hambleton, Mary Holloway, Grace Mansell, Letty Manvill, Mary Bumball/Taylor, Mary Coulter and James Hunt were all granted Certificates of Freedom in 1810.

5). Around 1803 convict artist John William Lancashire produced the watercolour 'View of Sydney taken from The Rocks'. The stone bridge of the Tank Stream is on the extreme right while Government House is centrally located. This is the layout of Sydney Town as the convicts of the Glatton would have known it.

6). In 1803 Lieutenant John Bowen offered his services to form the settlement which King had previously decided to establish at Risdon Cove, Van Diemen's Land. He was appointed Commandant and Superintendent. The expedition sailed in June but was damaged and delayed by storm, and did not finally clear Port Jackson until the end of August, with Bowen in command of the Albion. He arrived at Risdon Cove on 12 September 1803. [2] Accompanying Lieutenant Bowen were Mr. Jacob Mountgarret surgeon of the Glatton, Mr. Williams to act as storekeeper at the settlement (Daily Life and Origin of the Tasmanians).

Click on the text below to read the full naval career of John Bowen......



7). Find out more about Captain James Colnett at the Canadian Dictionary of Biography Online

8). The Calcutta was also a Royal Navy vessel built by the East India company.

9). Precursor to an exposé on forest trees and timber, Volume 1 by William Layman.

10). Report on the State of the Convicts in Portsmouth Harbour in 1802.

11). Report on the Condition of Convicts on board La Fortunée at Langstone Harbour 1802.

12). Prisoners and passengers of the Glatton identified in the Hunter Valley

13). On Thursday week was received into the Castle, William Simpson, late of Hunflet, in the Borough of Leeds, who was sentenced for transportation at Leeds Sessions in April last and escaped from out of that Gaol on the same night along with the notorious John Williamson, who was also retaken, and lately transported; the said William Simpson was apprehended at Liverpool - The York Herald 3 January 1801.

14). The following were sentenced to transportation for seven years viz. Ann Huddlestone, William Dobby, Charles Glave, and William Dowse, for diverse thefts

The following convicts have been located in the Hunter Valley region.....
Richard Alcorn convicted in Middlesex
John Baker convicted in Norfolk
John Bedder convicted in Nottingham
Thomas Beddowe convicted in Essex
Richard Binder convicted in Northampton
Michael Cassidyconvicted in Middlesex
John Dodds convicted in Westmoreland
Richard Martin convicted in Kent
William McFaddyn convicted in Berkshire
Robert Melville convicted in Perth
Edward Mundy convicted in Middlesex
Thomas Murrayconvicted in Yorkshire
Joseph Onus convicted in Kent
Samuel Pugh convicted in Middlesex
Mary Sandle convicted in Somerset
Mary Ward convicted in London
Samuel Whitney convicted in Huntingdon



REFERENCES

[1] HRA Vol IV page 752

[2] Australian Dictionary of Biography Online - John Bowen

[3]HR NSW., Vol IV, p. 836

[4] Sydney Gazette 19 March 1803

[5] HR NSW., Vol. IV, p. 806

[6] Memoirs of Joseph Holt, General of the Irish rebels in 1798, ed. by T.C. Croker By Joseph Holt