The Glatton was reported in May
1802 to be fitting up at Chatham to carry convicts to Botany
Bay and bring back masts.
Fully fitted, the Glatton arrived
at Portsmouth from the Downs on 31 August. The Morning
Post reported in the shipping news of 4th September
that she was lying at Spithead and convicts confined on the
hulks at Langston Harbour were to be embarked on her. The
Glatton was reported to have dropped down to St.
Helen's on 14th September 1802.
Lord Pelham to the Treasury, in the Historical Records of
Australia reveal some of the clothing that was sent on the
Lord Pelham to the
12th May, 1802
It being judged expedient to send forthwith from this
country four hundred convicts to New South Wales, I am to
desire that your Lordships will be pleased to cause the
necessary directions to be given to the Victualling Board
for providing a sufficient and proper quantity of provisions
for their subsistence during the voyage, and salted beef or
pork only for nine months for them after their arrival at
New South Wales. I am also to desire that your Lordships
will cause the necessary directions to be given for
providing the 270 male convicts the particulars of cloathing
as undermentioned, to be consigned to the Governor for the
use of such convicts on their arrival at that settlement,
and that the said provisions and cloathing may be put on
board His Majesty's ship Glatton, which is now fitting at
Sheerness for the conveyance of those convicts. It being
also intended to allow about forty persons to embark on
board the said ship who are going as settlers to that
colony, I am to desire that directions may be given for
providing the usual quantity of provisions for such number
during their voyage thither. ............ 1 blue jacket or
waistcoat, 1 p'r Russian duck trowsers, 3 checked shirts ,2
pairs of stockings, 1 pair of shoes, 1 woollen cap (1)
The Glatton was the next convict ship to
leave England for New South Wales after the departure of the
Perseus in February 1802 The Glatton
departed England on 23 September 1802, sailed via Madeira
and Rio de Janeiro and anchored in Sydney Cove on 11 - 12
The Admiralty produced a set of
instructions for Captain Colnett -
have thought fit that the ship you command shall be employed
on that service, you are, in pursuance of H.M. pleasure
signified as above mentioned, so soon as the convicts whom
you have been ordered to receive shall be embarked, and the
said ship in all respects be ready, hereby required and
directed to put to sea and proceed in her to Port Jackson,
in the said colony of NSW accordingly calling in your way
thither at such place or places as you may judge most
convenient and proper for the purpose of obtaining
refreshment. You are to victual the convicts during their
continuance on board in the same manner as convicts are
usually victualled and on your arrival at port Jackson to
deliver all the said convicts which may then be with you
into the charge of the Governor. You are to be very careful
to keep a sufficient guard upon the said convicts during the
time they may remain on board the ship you command, so as to
prevent the execution of any improper designs which they may
form; and in case it should be requisite on your passage to
New South Wales to provide necessaries for them at any port
at which you may stop, you are to purchase such necessaries,
if they can be procured, and to draw upon te Lords Comm'rs
of H.J. Treasury for the amount thereof. An whereas the
Governor of NSW has been instructed to cause a quantity of
timber proper for H.M. service to be cut down and prepared
in order to be sent to England for the use of H.M.
Dockyards, you are hereby further required and directed to
receive on board the ship you command such quantities of the
said timber as well as any other produce of the said colony
that may be judged proper to be sent Home as you can
conveniently stow. (Admiralty to Captain James Colnett
2 September 1802. (3)
The Sydney Gazette reported
the arrival of the Glatton -
In her way
the Glatton put
into Rio de Janeiro to refresh. She left England with 270
Male, and 135 Female Prisoners-seven of the former, and five
of the latter died; She also brought upwards of 30 Free
Settlers, Eight Pieces of Heavy Ordnance, and a quantity of
Ordnance Stores. The day before she got into the Cove 100
weak people were taken out, and put on board the Supply, 50
of the most ailing were soon after sent on shore to the
General Hospital, where every attention was paid them. Their
complaints were slightly scorbutic, of which they are
recovering very fast. - (4)
brewing and hops were also sent on the Glatton.
brewery was later set up at Parramatta.
are of some of the free passengers who arrived on the
Glatton (not a complete list)......
Assistant surgeon John Savage with his wife;
Jeffrey Bolton and wife;
Chris and Mary Frederick and three children;
John and Ann Stroud;
Isaac Knight, former sergeant of
Marines on the First Fleet and wife Elizabeth;
Peat and son;
Aaron Birt (Burt).(5)
William White, later a wheelwright at Parramatta.
There were families of convicts also who arrived free on the
Glatton - Some of those mentioned in the 1811
Muster and/or 1828 Census include -
Sarah Alcorn, wife
Richard Alcorn and their son Edward Alcorn;
and Elizabeth Byrne (possibly the same person as Aaron Birt
Elizabeth Melville, wife of
convict Robert Melville
Mary Pickett wife of convict
Ann Pugh wife of convict Samuel Pugh
Martha Hayes daughter of convict Mary
Hayes became Lt. John Bowen's
mistress. Martha was described by Joseph Holt in 1805.....I
went on to the next farm, which belonged to a Mr. Hayes, who
resided there with his wife and daughter. They were
manufacturers of straw; plaiting it, in the neatest manner,
for the use of ladies. The daughter was a beautiful girl;
she was the prettiest violet that I saw growing at the
The previous vessel to arrive in New South Wales with female
prisoners was the
Ensign George Bond of the New South Wales Corps published A
Brief Account of the Colony of Port Jackson detailing the fate of some
The convict indents for the Glatton
includes only the name of the prisoner, date and place of
conviction and sentence.
departed Port Jackson bound for England on 17th May 1803 and
the London Times reported that she was on her way
to Leith for the purpose of receiving the flag of Admiral
Bligh. She was to be stationed as guard ship for the defence
Notes and Links:
Royal Naval Biography; Or, Memoirs of the Services of All
the Flag-officers - John Bowen ... By John Marshal.........
Richard Binder arrived on the Glatton. Richard
Binder later held the licence for the
Australian Inn in Newcastle.
Joseph Onus arrived as a
prisoner on the Glatton and early Maitland settler
Richard Martin also. Find out more about other early
settlers in the district HERE.
4). Ann Hambleton, Mary Holloway, Grace Mansell,
Letty Manvill, Mary Bumball/Taylor, Mary Coulter and James
Hunt were all granted Certificates of Freedom in 1810.
5). Around 1803 convict artist John William Lancashire
produced the watercolour
'View of Sydney taken from The Rocks'. The stone bridge
of the Tank Stream is on the extreme right while Government
House is centrally located. This is the layout of Sydney
Town as the convicts of the Glatton would have known it.
6). In 1803 Lieutenant John Bowen offered his services
to form the settlement which King had previously decided to
establish at Risdon Cove, Van Diemen's Land. He was
appointed Commandant and Superintendent. The expedition
sailed in June but was damaged and delayed by storm, and did
not finally clear Port Jackson until the end of August, with
Bowen in command of the Albion. He arrived at Risdon Cove on
12 September 1803. (2) Accompanying Lieutenant Bowen were
Mr. Jacob Mountgarret surgeon of the Glatton, Mr. Williams
to act as storekeeper at the settlement (3).
Click on the text below to read the full naval career of
7). Find out more about Captain James Colnett at the
Canadian Dictionary of Biography Online
also a Royal Navy vessel built by the East India company.
9). Precursor to an exposé on forest trees and
timber, Volume 1 by William Layman....
10). Report on the
State of the Convicts in Portsmouth Harbour in 1802.......
11). Report on the Condition of Convicts on board
La Fortunée at Langstone Harbour 1802....
Hunter Valley convicts/passengers arriving on the Glatton
13). On Thursday week was received into the Castle,
William Simpson, late of Hunflet, in the Borough of Leeds, who was sentenced
for transportation at Leeds Sessions in April last and
escaped from out of that Gaol on the same night along with
the notorious John Williamson, who was also retaken, and
lately transported; the said William Simpson was apprehended
at Liverpool - The York Herald 3 January 1801.
The following were sentenced to transportation for seven
years viz. Ann Huddlestone, William Dobby, Charles Glave,
and William Dowse, for diverse thefts.
convicts have been located in the Hunter Valley region.....