was built at Hull in 1810.
This was the second of four
voyages of the Grenada bringing convicts to New South
Wales, the others being in
1827. The Grenada
next convict ship to leave England for New South Wales after the
departure of the
in March 1821.
Prisoners came from counties throughout
England. None of the prisoners on the Grenada had been
tried in Scotland.
Peter Cunningham kept a Medical Journal
from 28 March to 20 September 1821. He joined the Grenada
at Deptford while carpenters were still working fitting out the bed
cabins for convicts and guard.
On 7 April 1821 the
Grenada left for Portsmouth. They anchored at Spithead on 19th
April during strong westerly winds and rain. On 21st April Ensign
Sutherland and detachment of the 36th, 34th, and 54th regiment
joined the ship as guard over the convicts. In the afternoon 100
convicts were received from the Leviathan and 52 from the
York convict hulks. They were supplied with beds and
The Grenada departed Portsmouth on
the 9 May 1821. On the voyage, the prison deck was cleaned daily
after breakfast, windsails were kept up whenever the weather
admitted, the bed bottoms were taken occasionally on deck and a
certain number of the beds and blankets hung up to air every good
day. The convicts bathed every fine morning.
Cunningham recorded that their conduct, generally speaking was
orderly throughout the voyage. Solitary confinement on board and
bread and water being almost the only punishment found necessary. No
deaths occurred either among the guard or convicts from the period
of their embarkation to their landing although several were in a
dangerous state and three soldiers and two convicts were on the sick
list the greater part of the voyage. Two soldiers and three convicts
were sent to Sydney hospital on arrival.
One hundred and
fifty two male prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on 16 September
1821. The Sydney Gazette reported that the prisoners
were landed on Thursday morning 20th September....... It is
almost superfluous and unnecessary to notice the appearance of the
prisoners that now arrive from England, the tenderness and
liberality of Government being generally known; but still, in this
instance, it is owing to Captain Donald and Dr. Cunningham, to say,
that the men appeared extremely happy, and perfectly satisfied at
the kindness and benevolence shown to them throughout a tedious
voyage. The customary inspection took place in the presence of His
Honor Lieutenant Governor Erskine, who was pleased to direct their
distribution to the variously assigned employments.
Mr. Hutchinson, the Superintendent of Convicts has kindly handed
to us a letter officially addressed to him by the prisoners that
arrived by the Grenada, to which we hesitate not in giving insertion
: - Sir,-Conceiving that we should be guilty of the greatest
ingratitude were we not to make you acquainted with the treatment we
have experienced during our voyage, under the jurisdiction of Mr.
Cunningham, whose behaviour to us has been such as to merit our
grateful acknowledgments, and whose constant endeavours have been
such as to render us every comfort and indulgence, more than men in
our situation could have expected. And we hope in our general
conduct it will be found that those indulgencies, which we have
experienced from that Gentleman's humanity, have not al-together
been vainly bestowed upon us, for every man is fully sensible of the
lenient treatment he has experienced. We are likewise indebted to
the Captain and Officers of the ship, whose behaviour to us has been
such as to assist in the liberty we have experienced during our
voyage. These are our general sentiments, which proceed from pure
motives of gratitude, and which we humbly present to you for your
Select here to find out more about the process of disembarking the
Forty one prisoners were sent by water to
Parramatta. Fifteen remained at Parramatta and the remainder were
forwarded on to Liverpool to be assigned there.
Cunningham planned to depart the colony on the Duchess of York
in October 1821. Other passengers on the Duchess of York
William Redfern and Mrs. Redfern; Mr. Edward Eagar, Mr. G.
Cathcart and Mrs. Williams.
Notes & Links:
1). The youngest prisoner on board was Richard Edwards from
Lancaster who was only 13 years of age.
2). Other convict
ships bringing detachments of the 34th regiment included the
Batavia in 1818,
Baring in 1815,
Globe in 1819,
Asia in 1820,
Speke in 1821,
Orange in 1821 and
Adamant in 1821
Cunningham was also employed on the convict ships
Recovery in 1819,
Recovery in 1823,
Grenada in 1825 and the
Morley in 1828
4). Return of Convicts of the
Waterloo assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832
(Sydney Gazette 28 June 1832).....
Henry Lee - waggoner
assigned to William Shean at Sydney
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Grenada in
Convicts of the Grenada so far identified in the
Jonathan Cooper Murphy
1. Sydney Gazette 22 September 1821
2. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical
Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line].
Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations,
Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and
predecessors: Office of the Director General
of the Medical Department of the Navy and
predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804
bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and
Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the
Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines,
Coastguard, and related bodies. The National
Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
National Archives - Reference: ADM 101/30/5 Description: Medical
journal of the Grenada, convict ship, from 28 March to 20 September
1821 by Peter Cunningham, surgeon and superintendent, during which
time the ship was employed in a voyage to New South Wales. [The
journal contains daily sick records, details of ship’s movements and
weather conditions, thermometer readings and also includes a daily
narrative of activity on board ship].
Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict
ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History,
Sydney : pp.344-345, 383