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Convict Ship
 Guildford 1812

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Embarked: 200 men
Voyage: 137 days
Deaths: 1
Surgeon's Journal: no
Previous vessel: Friends arrived 10 October 1811
Next vessel: Minstrel arrived 25 October 1812
Captain Magnus Johnson

The Guildford was built in 1810 on the River Thames. This was the first of eight voyages of the Guildford bringing convicts to New South Wales. The others being in 1816, 1818, 1820, 1822, 1824, 1827 and 1829.  

Prisoners on the Guildford had been convicted in counties throughout England. There were seven men who had been convicted in Scotland. There were also men who had been court-martialled for military crimes in Gibraltar, Cadiz, La Valette and Montreal.  

Many prisoners were held in the hulks prior to transportation. Alexander MacDonald, James Scott and James Daley were held on the Retribution hulk at Woolwich. They were sent to the Guildford on 8th August 1811.

Thomas Thorpe, William Oldham Henry Groucher, Gustavis Lowe, Richard Lawson and Walter Preston were also held on the Retribution. They were received there on 25th May 1811 and transferred to the Guildford on the 14th August 1811.  

The Guildford departed London in company with the General Graham store ship on 3 September 1811; they sailed via Rio de Janeiro, the Guildford arriving there on 26 October 1811 and the General Graham six days later. They sailed in company from Rio and the Guildford arrived in Port Jackson on Saturday 18 January 1812, a voyage of four months and 15 days.  

One prisoner died on the passage out having suffered from consumption from which he had long lingered.  

Passengers included Thomas Archer who was appointed an Officer in the Commissariat Establishment to act as a Deputy Commissary at Sydney. Captain Anthony Coane and Lieut. Thomas Atkins of 73rd regt., and Captain John Brabyn and Lieuts. William Lawson and Archibald Bell of the Veteran Company as well as 30 non-commissioned Officers and Privates of the 73rd regiment. Other detachments of the 73rd regiment arrived on the Dromedary, Indefatigable, Archduke Charles,  Hindostan, Indian, Fortune, Ann, Providence 1811 and Admiral Gambier 1811.

Arrival of the convict ship Guildford in 1812. Sydney Gazette 25 January 1812

Under a Tropical Sun has details of Captain Coane and Lieutenant Atkins. Captain Coane was appointed Ensign in 1804, Lieutenant 1805 and Captain 1809. He departed the colony bound for Ceylon on the General Hewitt in 1814 and was mentioned for his bravery at Kandy, January 1818 (1)

Anthony Coane died at Kandy in January 1819. Some of the details of his death are recorded within nine manuscript documents written in Kandy and
offered for auction....1. Autographed Letter Signed from George Minter to unnamed recipient. Kandy; 29 December 1818. The letter begins in dramatic style: 'Dear Sir, Ere this reaches you, I much fear Major Coane will be no more. Mr Marshall as well as Dr. Armstrong who have been in constant attendance on him for the last three days, having just told me that they have little or no hopes of his surviving till to morrow. He writes that Coane still remains sensible and wishes the recipient to turn over 'His Will and other papers' to 'the Committee of Paymastership'.

Lieutenant Atkins departed New South Wales on the Earl Spencer for Colombo in 1814. He was court-martialled for drunkenness soon afterwards. He later returned to Australia and died at Port Arthur on 5th April 1848  

The Guard were disembarked at 7am on the morning of 20th January 1812 at the Hospital Wharf in Sydney and afterwards joined their regiment. A Guard from on shore was sent to the Guildford to keep secure the prisoners who had not yet been landed.  

On 27th January 1812 Edward Buckley and John Walker were forwarded by water to Parramatta for assignment to the son of John Jamison. On the same day bricklayer David Browne was forwarded to Windsor for government service and carpenter William Hadden and bricklayer James Simpson were sent to the same place for private assignment.  

John Sullivan applied to the Governor soon after arrival for the return of 5 pounds sterling he had given to the Guildford's surgeon for safe keeping before sailing. The surgeon refused to refund the money however Captain Johnson was required by Governor Macquarie to see that justice was done in the case.  

In February (1812) Commissary William Broughton gave notice that the prisoners of the Guildford who were employed at Government labour were not entitled to an issue of clothing as they had received theirs as soon as they arrived. This consisted of One duck frock, one pair duck trousers, one cotton shirt, one pair of shoes and one leather cap.  

Convict John Carter was on a list of convicts who were sent to the Derwent on the Cyclops for assignment in February 1812

The Guildford departed Port Jackson bound for Bengal in March 1812. She returned with convicts in

Notes & Links:  

1). Convict Engraver
Walter Preston arrived on the Guildford. He was sent to Newcastle penal settlement for a colonial crime in 1814. He was sent to the limeburner's gang and from there absconded with some of the most desperate and notorious bushrangers of the time including Thomas Desmond. Walter Preston was captured and later came to the notice of Captain James Wallis who was commandant at Newcastle from June 1816 to December 1818. Preston engraved the plates for Commandant James Wallis' An historical account of the Colony of New South Wales.

2). Convict artist William Harrison Craig arrived on the Guildford. In August Craig was convicted of forgery and sentenced to 50 lashes and 7 years at Newcastle penal settlement. He later escaped from the settlement and was re-captured and sent to Van Diemen's Land.  

Thomas Pamphlet achieved fame as one of the first white men at Moreton Bay.  

Fortesto de Santo arrived on the Guildford. In 1819 he built the 60 ton vessel Princess Charlotte at Newcastle. The Princess Charlotte was wrecked a year later between Hobart and Sydney

5). Andrew Bent arrived on the Guildford and transferred to the "Ruby", arriving Hobart in February; he was employed by George Clark, a newspaper publisher and Government Printer; he succeeded Clark as Government Printer and in 1816 published the Van Diemen's Land Gazette. (CSI)  

6). Timothy May of the 4th Veteran Battalion arrived as a convict having been Court-martialled in Gibraltar for murder. He is listed in the
Statement of the number of Soldiers sentenced to General Service and Transportation in the years 1809 - 1811  

7). In April 1813, the Unity schooner and was moored in Hobart when seven convicts boarded the ship and seized control of the crew and the ship's owner, William Hobart Mansel. They sailed the ship down the River Derwent and off Cape Frederick they released their captives - Mansel, the captain and three seamen, and set them adrift in the ship's boat. Mansel and the crew navigated their way back to Hobart however the Unity was never heard from again. The convicts included five men of the
Indefatigable - Thomas Watson, Patrick Russell, Richard Payne, Thomas Bird and Thomas Curtis. and two who arrived on the Guildford in 1812 - William Button alias Symer alias Tyler and Frederick Callaghan. (HRA)  

8). Find out more about John Farley at
The History Buff    

Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Guildford in 1812
Name Convicted at Location NSW
Charles Brown Kent 1810 Dartbrook
William Harrison Craig Middlesex 1810 Newcastle
Fortesto de Santo London 1810 Newcastle
Richard Edsale Hants 1811 Newcastle
William Elliott Kent 1811 Newcastle
William Fawkes Hereford 1810 Newcastle
Abraham Fielding York 1809 Newcastle/ Patterson Plains
Robert Francis London 1809 Maitland
Henry Goucher Middlesex 1811 Newcastle
Benjamin Gwilliam Hereford 1810  
Godfrey Hanskie (Goddfied Hanske) Bexfield CM 1810 Newcastle
William Miles Hudson Surry 1811 Maitland
William Hunt Warwick 1810 Newcastle
John Jones Lancaster 1811 Newcastle
Thomas Kelly   Newcastle
Thomas King Middlesex 1810 Newcastle
Angelo le Rosa La Valette CM 1810 Newcastle
John Ladoane (Michael Dodds) Middlesex 1810 Newcastle
Alexander McDonald Inverness Newcastle
Thomas Morgan Hereford 1809 Newcastle
James Osborne / Osmond Devon 1811 Newcastle
Thomas Pamphlett Lancaster 1810 Newcastle
Francisco Perrara London 1810 Newcastle
William Powell Essex 1810 Newcastle
Walter Preston Middlesex 1811 Newcastle
John Shaw Chelsea 1810 Newcastle
Samuel Steward Cadiz CM 1810 Newcastle
John Sullivan Essex 1811 Maitland
Thomas Thorpe Middlesex 1811 Newcastle
Samuel Vaughan Warwick 1811 Newcastle
John White   Newcastle



1).  The soldier's companion, or Martial recorder




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