This was the second of eight
voyages of the Guildford bringing convicts to New
South Wales. The others being in
In October 1815 a Special Sessions under the
Insurrection Act was adjourned from the County Court House
at Limerick to Rathkeale at which place the following men
were tried before Serjeant Johnson, Assistant Barrister
Lloyd and a full Bench of justices -
O'Donnell, of Pallis Kenry for being
absent from his father's house, on the night of the 8th
of Rathkeale and Maurice Roche
of Callow, for being found drinking in a public house in
Rathkeale about two o'clock on Monday morning.
After a most
patient trial they were all convicted as idle and disorderly
persons and under the Statute were immediately sentenced to
be transported for seven years to Botany Bay for which
placed they will be embarked on Friday. The License of the
Spirit Retailer at whose house Riordan and Callaghan were
drinking was very properly withdrawn by the Bench of
Justices. Four other men are to be tried at Rathkeale this
day under the Insurrection Act. Jeffrey Browning Esq a
Magistrate of this co. apprehended Michael Kinnane
near Croom at an unseasonable hour on Wednesday night - he
was yesterday lodged in jail under an escort of the 74th.
The 45th 600 strong, have marched to Clonmel.
Clonmel Oct 7., On the 5th instant a Special
Sessions of the Peace under the provision of the
insurrection act was held here, Mr. Prime Sergeant Moore
presiding; 18 or 20 Magistrates were present....Edmond
Ryan, Pat. Dwyer and William Bryan
were charged with having arms ammunition etc in their
custody contrary to law. It appeared in evidence, that Mr.
Palliser a magistrate had gone early on Sunday morning to
the house where prisoners were found, attended by a serjeant
and 12 men of the Meath militia. Mr. P demanded admittance
and after some hesitation the door was opened; the party
proceeded to search the house after having been assured by
each of the persons that there were no arms therein, when a
carbine, three musket locks, some powder, balls, etc were
found concealed; two of the prisoners, though in bed were
found party dressed. The Magistrates retired for hal an hour
and returned into Court with a sentence of transportation
against the prisoners; who were immediately conveyed to a
car at the Court house door, and driven off under a strong
escort on their way to Cork, where they are to be shipped
for Botany Bay. (3)
The London Times reported
in November 1815 .....On Friday evening, three Dublin
convicts, by the names of Falkiner, Hopkins, and Holster who
were obliged to be brought up from the Botany Bay ship, in
order to make room for the persons sentenced to
transportation, under the Insurrection Act, at Clonmel and
Limerick, attempted to make their escape out of the north
Jail, through the sewer; the three had descended, and were
in this situation when they were discovered by the vigilance
of Mr. Welsh who had them property secured.
The abovementioned men were all transported to New South
Wales on the Guildford.
was the next convict ship to leave Ireland bound for New
South Wales after the departure of the
in November 1815, arriving in Sydney Cove on the 8 April
Three prisoners died on the passage
out - Foder Perrin on 5th January 1816; Michael Wheelan on
14th January 1816 and William Nolan on 23rd February 1816.
The Guildford arrived in Sydney Cove on Tuesday
8th April 1816, the prisoners all in good health (4).
Alexander Taylor was also Surgeon Superintendent on the
Prince Regent in 1821.
Hutchinson was the Principal Superintendent of Convicts in
New South Wale. The
convict indents include information such as name, when &
where convicted, term of sentence, native place, occupation,
age, physical description and occasional details of tickets
of leave or pardons. The men were disembarked on 15th April
1816 and forwarded to Parramatta, Windsor and
Mark Maher was privately assigned to Mr.
Charter, overseer of government stock at Parramatta;
Gilmour and Daniel Tierney were assigned to the government
garden at Parramatta. Another forty men were assigned to the
Richard Clarke was privately
assigned to Richard Johnstone at Portland Head and another
sixty men were assigned to the Windsor district.
Connor and George Dignum were privately assigned to Mr.
Hume. John McDaniels was privately assigned to Mr. Bunker;
Patrick and James Ledwick were privately assigned to Mr.
Throsby and another 15 men were assigned to the Liverpool
Passengers on the Guildford included Charles Frazer, private of
46th regiment and colonial botanist. Charles Frazer later
accompanied John Oxley on his expeditions in 1817, 1818 and
1819 and on 4th July 1828 he accompanied
Captain Patrick Logan on an
Expedition to Breakfast
Creek at Brisbane.
A detachment of 34 men of the 46th
regiment under orders of Ensign Vicars of H.M. 56th regiment
arrived on the Guildford as guard. The Headquarters of the
46th regiment commanded by Lieut-Col George James Molle
arrived on the Windham in 1814 and other detachments arrived
Sir William Bensley,
Marquis of Wellington,
sailed for Batavia in June 1816.
Notes and Links:
Philip Perry of the 34th
regiment arrived free on the Guildford however in October
1816 he was found guilty of stealing public stores and sent
to Newcastle penal settlement.
3). Convict Nicholas
John Howe on his expedition of
discovery in 1819 and 1820
4). About forty eight prisoners
of the Guildford have been identified residing in the Hunter
Valley region in the following years. Select
HERE here to
find out more about these men.
5). The Guildford was one
of nine convicts ships arriving in New South Wales in 1816
the others being the
Surry. Approximately 1,415
prisoners arrived in NSW in 1816.
Seizure of the Trial - On the night of the 12th September 1816
ten prisoners of the Guildford together with two men from the
Fanny and another from the
Baring made a desperate bid to
escape from the Colony. They seized Simeon Lord's brig Trial, Master William Burnett, which was at anchor near the Sow
and Pigs in Watson's Bay and sailed out of the harbour.
headed north and by daybreak were out of sight. Passengers
on the Trial may have included Sergeant and Mrs. Annandale,
William Briskland, William Probert, John Suibson, William
Morgan, and two Otaheitans Touboui and Dick as well another
woman. None of the passengers had been allowed to return to
Governor Macquarie was informed at midday on the 13th
and that evening about 5 o'clock the armed colonial brig
Rosetta with a detachment of soldiers of the 46th regiment
was sent in pursuit of the fugitive prisoners. The Rosetta
returned to port a fortnight later without having found
them. Their descriptions were soon posted in the Sydney
Francis Harrison per
Guildford, a convict
from the County Gaol, Dublin, tried December 1814 and
sentenced to 7 years transportation. Age 30; occupation
stonemason. 5ft 8 3/4in, dark brown hair, black eyes, dark
ruddy complexion. Had been employed in the Stonemason's
Hugh Ward per Guildford, tried at the County
Gaol of Dublin in July 1815 and sentenced to 14 years
transportation . Age 23. Occupation brass founder. 5ft 8 in,
Brown eyes, sandy brown hair, florid complexion. Is reported
as a useful man on board a ship. Employed as a brass founder
in the dock yard, Sydney.
Patrick Doyle per
at Kildare in April 1815 and sentenced to transportation for
life. Age 23. Occupation horse shoer. 5ft 6in, grey eyes,
sandy hair, fair pale complexion. Employed in the lumber
Thomas Dalton per Guildford. Tried in County
Westmeath in August 1815 and sentenced to transportation for
life. Age 35. Occupation groom and servant. 5ft 7 in, hazel
eyes, sandy hair, fair ruddy complexion. Assigned as
Government Servant to Mr. T. Rose Sydney.
James McMahon per
Guildford. Tried at Trim in July 1815 and sentenced to 14
years transportation. Age 25. Occupation Labourer. Native of
Kildare. 5ft 7 1/2 in, grey eyes, brown hair, dark pal
complexion. Late employed in the Town Gang.
James Murphy per
Guildford. A notorious offender, formerly convicted and sent
to the Colony in the name of Brown, was convicted the second
time at Dublin in March 1815 for seven years. Age 27.
Occupation mariner. 5ft 1 in, black hair, hazel eyes, dark
pale complexion, Absconded from the Town Gang. He claimed a
woman of the name of Mary Scott as his lawful wife who
arrived per Alexander.
John Ferrara, per
of Portugal and mariner. A young man of mild temper about
5ft 9 in, dark yellow complexion and owing to his desertion
from the Guildford on arrival, was not mustered with the
prisoners of that ship. He was generally in company with
Manuel de Sylva, and belonged to the Boats' Crew.
McGrath, per Guildford. Tried at Limerick county in March
1815 and sentenced to transportation for life. Age 26. Trade
Stonemason. 5ft 8 1/2in, grey eyes, dark brown hair, dark
ruddy complexion. Lately employed as labourer at Macquarie
Nicholas Russell per Guildford. Tried County Down in
July 1815. Age 28. Trade Stonemason. Native of Wicklow. 5ft
11in. Stout made, hazel eyes, light brown hair, ruddy
complexion. Employed as a labourer at Macquarie Tower.
Francis O'Hara, per Guildford. Tried at Dundalk in March
1815. Age 28. Trade cooper and labourer. Native of co. down.
5ft 5 1/2in, hazel eyes, brown hair, fair pale complexion.
Employed in His Majesty's Stores, at Sydney.
Fanny 1816. Age 29. Trade Stonemason, Native of Armagh.
Tried at Edinburgh
Manuel de Sylva,
Fanny 1816. Age 42.
Occupation sailor and sailmaker. Native of Carthegena.
Employed in the Boats' Crew.
Charles Dyche per
Age 40. Occupation sawyer, lately publican at Burton upon
Trent. Tried at Derby and sentenced for life. Either from
infirmity of imposition was employed in the Invalid Gang.
12th January 1817 six soldiers embarked at Newcastle on the
Lady Nelson commanded by Thomas Whyte to investigate a
report of a wreck fifty miles to the north of Port Stephens
and ascertain the fate of the vessel. (Thomas Whyte, master
mariner had arrived as a convict on the
Baring in 1815).
They discovered part of the wreck on 14th on the beach of a
deep and extensive bay in latitude 30° 20' South. They
learned from natives in the vicinity that the Trial had been
wrecked and some of the men constructed a boat out of the
materials of the wreck in which a large party once more went
out to sea. Others had taken to the bush, among whom was a
woman with a young child of whom not a single trace could be
The soldiers spent several days exploring the bushland in the vicinity to ascertain the fate of the
passengers. They could not positively establish whether the
small vessel made from the Trial sank or only disappeared
from the view of the black spectators on shore. The Captain,
passengers and crew, had endeavoured to make their way
towards Newcastle, but no account had been further received
There were rumours of a woman who had stowed away
on the Trial and was living with the natives in a most
distressing state, however in February 1817 Richard Palmer
wrote to the Sydney Gazette regarding this woman claiming
that she was a relative of his and that she had not secreted
herself but had a regular clearance for the Derwent where
her husband was in the employ of Simeon Lord. He offered a
reward of twenty pounds to any person finding her. In 1826
an anonymous correspondent to the Monitor claimed to have
knowledge of the woman who escaped from the wreck of the
Trial and was sojourning with a tribe of Aboriginal natives
with her daughter about 12 or 13 years old. She was married
to one of the tribe by whom she had two children and acted
as a midwife to the matrons of the tribe. He received his
information from a native of a tribe near Liverpool Plains.
7). Charles Frazer, Allan Cunningham and
Expedition to Breakfast Creek in 1828......
[London, England] 22 Nov. 1815: 4. The Times Digital
Archive. Web. 11 Mar. 2013.
(2) Freeman's Journal 21
(3)Belfast Newsletter 13 October 1815
HRA, Series 1, vol. IX p. 141