was the second voyage of the
transporting convicts to New South Wales, the first
Hadlow was the next convict
ship to leave Ireland with prisoners for New South
Wales after the departure of the
in December 1819.
William Price kept a
medical journal during the voyage of the
It began on Sunday 20th February at Deptford.....
At daylight that day they cast off from the hulk
and on 23rd anchored at Gravesend where the Guard,
consisting of 1 serjeant and 32 privates commanded
by Captain Patrick McDougall of the 48th regiment,
They then proceeded to Cork arriving
there on 28th February 1820 after a boisterous
passage, and there found the convict ship
moored and also awaiting to receive her
prisoners. They found anchorage at the Cove
nearby to the town.
On the 9th March a
court-martial was held on board to try private
Patrick McDermott of the 48th regiment for desertion
and also two sentinels for aiding and assisting in
his escape. On 17th March the results of the
court-martial were received on board. Private
McDermott received 150 lashes; Patrick Irwin 200
lashes and George White 100 lashes.
prisoner on board was Jeremiah Finn who was fifteen
years of age.
On 23rd March 150 male convicts were received on
board from the Gaol at Cork. They arrived under the
superintendence of Dr. Trevor. The men were divided
into messes of six each. The following day the
prisoners were admitted to the deck during the day
and the surgeon found that several of them were
suffering ulcers on their legs caused by the irons
and he had the irons struck off one of the legs of
each. They were admitted on deck for the next few
days and the berths were cleaned. They were
victualled from the shore and every comfort was
afforded to ameliorate their situations, although
the weather was not always favourable. When the
weather turned bad on 26th March, divine service was
cancelled and access to the deck was restricted.
On Sunday 2nd April 1820 they weighed anchor and
made their way out of Cork Harbour. No prayers were
read this day and the surgeon remarked that the
convicts were all doing well. By the 4th April there
were fresh gales from the SW and the convicts were
all sea sick. They reached the island of Madeira on
11th April and the following day, the island of
Palma. During the next few weeks, the convicts were
allowed on deck as the weather permitted. Divine
service was held on deck on each Sunday and their
berths and clothing were kept clean.
the end of April the surgeon remarked that he
punished one of the men, William Canavan for
blasphemy, insolence and disobedience of orders by
placing him in handcuffs for 24 hours. For part of
the voyage they sailed in company with the convict
Mangles and according to
Governor Macquarie's Journal, parted from the
just eight days before arriving in Port Jackson.
On 1st August 1820 they were off the coast of
Australia near King Island and by Saturday 5 August
1820, a fine day with light variable winds, they
reached Port Jackson. The voyage had taken 125 days.
They remained on board until the 15th August when
the 33 members of the Guard, 3 women and the
convicts were all disembarked at 10am.
shore 148 prisoners were inspected by Governor
Macquarie in the gaol yard.
The House of Lords Sessional Papers of 1822
dealt with the procedure after convicts were landed:
The prisoners are marched into the
yard of the gaol at Sydney, where they are arranged
in two lines for the inspection of the governor;
they are permitted to bring with them the bedding
that they have used on board the transport ship, and
such articles of clothing and effects as they may
have brought with them. The captain of the
transport, the surgeon superintendent, the chief
engineer, and the superintendent of convicts,
accompany the governor in his inspection; and the
superintendent, as he proceeds, repeats aloud from a
distribution list, previously prepared, the
destination that has been given to the several
convicts, either by the chief engineer for the use
of government, or by the applications of individuals
signified to the magistrates of the different
districts, or to the superintendent himself. In this
part of the inspection, the governor receives the
report of the captain and superintendent respecting
the good or bad conduct of any individuals during
the passage, and promises to attend to their
recommendations; he rarely alters the destination of
the convicts, made by the superintendent, but he
sometimes desires that particular descriptions of
men may be assigned to individuals, whose
applications more immediately occur to him. "These
orders are signified to the superintendent and chief
engineer; and when the governor has finished the
inspection, he addresses the convicts in an audible
tone, commencing his address with an inquiry,
whether they have any Address of the complaints to
make, whether their treatment during the passage has
been humane, and whether they have had their proper
allowance of provisions. If any complaint is
signified, the name of the individual is taken down,
and the inquiry is referred to the police
magistrates; but, if the convicts are silent, or if
they declare generally that they are satisfied, the
governor proceeds in his address. He expresses his
hope that the change which has been effected in
their situation, will lead to a change in their
conduct; that they will become new men ; and he
explicitly informs them that as no reference will be
had to the past, their future conduct in their
respective situations will alone entitle them to
reward or indulgence.
In the Colonial
Secretary's Letters is an attestation by
Bowman as to the thorough medical attention that had
been paid to the prisoners by surgeon William Price
(Reel 6049; 4/1744 p.83)
was one of four ships, namely, the
Earl St. Vincent,
Neptune, that arrived at Port Jackson
from England and Ireland in July/August 1820. Of the 603
male prisoners only three had died on the passage out.
The Hadlow sailed for
Batavia on 15th September 1820. Those intending to
depart on the Hadlow included First Officer
William Anderson and Second Officer William Chesser.
The Hadlow was lost on a
voyage from Sierra Leone to England in 1823.
Notes & Links:
Price was also surgeon on the
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the
Hadlow in 1820
Thomas Flanagan and William Powers were assigned to
Australian Agricultural Company;
James and Michael Landers and Daniel Ready were
5). Thomas McElligott was
6). William Smith was sent to
Newcastle gaol in
Other ships bringing soldiers of the 48th regt., included
Patrick MacDougall of 48th regiment......
Annual Register 1851.....
Hart's Annual Army List.....
Return of Convicts of the Hadlow assigned between 1st
January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 28 June 1832).....
Thomas McElligott - Merchant and clerk. Assigned to
E.C. Close at Hunter's River
Lloyds Register of Shipping 1821
Hobart Town Gazette 7 October 1820
Diary of the Hadlow convict ship
for 20 February to 15 August 1820 by W Price, surgeon...
Sydney Gazette 5 August 1820
. Bateson, Charles & Library of
Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868
(Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney :
Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical
Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line].
Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations,
Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and
predecessors: Office of the Director General
of the Medical Department of the Navy and
predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804
bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and
Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the
Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines,
Coastguard, and related bodies. The National
Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
Diary of the Hadlow convict ship for 20 February to 15
August 1820 by W Price, surgeon. Reference: ADM 101/32/2
Description: Diary of the Hadlow convict ship for 20
February to 15 August 1820 by W Price, surgeon and
superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed
in conveying male convicts to New South Wales.