The Hashemy was sent to New South
Wales in 1848- 49 after the N.S.W. Legislative Council agreed to the
re-introduction of transportation in a modified form.
Colin Arrott Browning
was appointed Surgeon-Superintendent. He kept a Journal
from 22 November 1848 to 22 June 1849.
In his general remarks he
noted the number embarked on board this ship........
3 Mates and men,
The guard consisting of 2 officers Capt. Ramsbottom,
99th Regt; Ensign Maine 58th Regt., and 49 rank and file of 99th and
11th regiments, Mrs. Ramsbottom, 5 soldiers' wives, and 4
1 Religious Instructor.
1 Surgeon Superintendent, and
1 Acting Assistant Surgeon Royal
The total number amounted to 344 souls. Of the
prisoners 25 boys were received from Parkhurst on 24 November 1848
at Woolwich, 1 man received from Millbank and 111 from Wakefield on
28 November, and 100 prisoners were received from Pentonville on 29
The first two cases entered on the
sick list were prisoners who were sent back to shore to be admitted
to the Unite hospital hulk at
Woolwich, both suffering from Cholera. - Thomas Francis and Richard
Martin. There were many others affected with cholera as well and the
ship was delayed for weeks in consequence. The surgeon gave lengthy
details of the following prisoners who died while the ship was still
Joseph Taylor died 10th December;
Collins died on 19th December;
Thomas Hoare died 19th December
while the ship lay of Spithead;
James Cornish died 22 December
William Carter died 19th December off Spithead;
Self died 23 December;
Thomas Wells died 23 December;
Elliott died 29th December at Spithead;
Levi Mason died 23
Henry Williams 28th December;
James Carter died
William Henry Graham died 22nd December;
William Brown died 24th December
The Hashemy finally departed Portsmouth
in February 1849. There were two more deaths in the early part of
the voyage - Prisoner Adam Germain died at sea on 13th March 1849
having suffered from colic and mania and Frederick Jones died at
Simon's Town on 10th May from Febris Hectica. Dr. Browning
indicates in his journal that there were a total of 17 - 18 deaths
on board and 10 to 14 men who were disembarked. There were 70 cases
of syncope, epilepsy and hysteria while the ship still lay at
Woolwich that the Dr. Browning didn't itemize in his journal and
another 22 cases of scurvy which he successfully treated. Including,
crew, passengers and exiles, he treated a total of 1018 people
before and during the voyage. (2)
The Hashemy arrived in Sydney on 9 June 1849 with
prisoners who were referred to as 'Exiles' rather than 'Convicts'.
On arrival in Sydney the Hashemy met with a hostile reception from anti-transportationists.
Following is an extract from an account of the protest meeting
published in the Sydney Truth in 1912....
Sydney Cove was not then the
busy sheet of water that it is to-day, and Captain Ross was
at liberty to drop the Hashemy's anchor at the mouth of the
cove in full view of the Custom House. In those days there
was no great hurry as to 'passing entry' and certain other
formalities required by the Customs' authorities. Unlike the
Thomas Arbuthnot and Randolph, which had called at Port
Phillip, as per order, the Hashemy had come direct from the
Cape of Good Hope, and Captain Ross sailed up Port Jackson
all unconscious of the warm reception which his 'cargo'
would receive at the hands of enraged citizens.
was possibly made aware by the pilot who brought him in that
he was likely to have some trouble as to his 'bonded
passengers,' but the captain was under charter to perform
certain work, and he was satisfied to do so. If anyone
should feel perturbed on board the ship, it would be the
superintendent and the 212 exiles, who were under the
impression they would have their freedom given them the
moment the Hashemy dropped anchor In Port Jackson.
But when Captain Ross opened the 'Sydney Herald' on Monday
morning, June 11th, he read a well-displayed advertisement,
which ran thus:
THE CONVICT SHIP HAS
The great meeting will
be held on the Circular Wharf to-day, at noon, to
protest against the landing of the convicts.
chair will be taken by Robert Lowe, Esq., The member
for the city.
Let every place of business be
Let every man be at his post
Under this emphatic advertisement was another which
disclosed a solemn protest against the receipt of any of
Form of protest adopted by the
Deputation Committee to be submitted to the meeting,
to be held this day at the Circular Wharf: —
We the free and loyal subjects of Her Most Gracious
Majesty, Inhabitants of the city of Sydney and its
immediate neighborhood, in public meeting assembled,
do hereby enter our most solemn and deliberate
protest against the transportation of BRITISH
CRIMINALS to the colony of New South Wales.
|Firstly — Because
it is in violation of the will of the
majority of the colonists, as is clearly
evidenced by their expressed opinion on the
question at all times.
Because numbers of us have emigrated on the
faith of the British Government that
transportation to this colony had ceased and
Thirdly. — Because it is
incompatible with our existence as a free
colony desiring self-government to be made
the receptacle of another country's felons.
Fourthly. — Because it is in the highest
degree unjust to sacrifice the great social
and political interests of the colony at
large to the pecuniary profit of a fraction
of its inhabitants.
being firmly and devotedly attached to the
British Crown we greatly fear that the
perpetuation of so stupendous an act of
injustice by Her Majesty's Government will
go far towards alienating the affections of
this Colony from the Mother Country.
For these and many kindred reasons in the exercise
of our duty to
our country — for the love we bear our families—
in the strength of our loyalty to Great Britain, and from the depth
of our reverence for Almighty God, we protest against the landing
again of British convicts on these shores. By order of the
Committee, J. J. Clayton, Secretary.
Obeying the request conveyed in the first
advertisement, the merchants closed their stores, the
shopkeepers put up their shutters, the mechanic laid down
his tools of trade, and the great body of the citizens bent
their steps on the forenoon of the eventful June 11 towards
the 'Circular Wharf.' The meeting was not held at the wharf,
but on the spot in Bridge-street, under the shade of the fir
trees which stood between Philip Street and the Young-street
of to-day, but then known as Elizabeth-street North. The
trees were not then protected by rails, as they were
afterwards, when the citizens determined that they should be
preserved as mementoes of a great day. Lady Young-terrace
was not thought of; there was an uninterrupted view from the
rising ground across the Cove to where the Hashemy rode
peacefully at anchor; even the reserve which to-day holds
the antique Macquarie Obelisk was an open space, and
innocent of trees. Mr. Robert Campbell, 'of the wharf,' was
nominated to the 'chair.'
The platform selected for
the occasion was one of the old-time Sydney omnibuses, and
was, curiously enough, appropriately named 'Defiance,' which
was painted in large golden letters on each side. When Mr.
Robert Campbell took the ‘chair,' it looked as if all Sydney
had gathered within view of Sydney Cove, and if the 'exiles'
on the Hashemy were allowed on deck, and had been told why
the thousands had assembled, it must have come upon them in
full force and with mighty violence that the way of the
transgressor was hard.
The speakers on the occasion
were Robert Lowe, who turned up late;
Dr. Aaron, a Hebrew
surgeon of great respectability; Archibald Michie, a
barrister-at-law; and Henry Parkes, who that day set his
foot upon the lowest rung of the ladder which he was
destined within a few years to clamber to the top of. The
appearance of Robert Lowe upon the knifeboard of the omnibus
was the signal for frantic cheering. The future member for
Kidderminster, Chancellor of the English Exchequer, and
Viscount Sherbrooke, arrived in Sydney in 1842, with the
intention of following his profession as a barrister. He
came as a friend of Governor Gipps, who nominated him to a
seat in the Legislative Council of the time. He, however,
quarrelled with Governor Gipps, resigned his seat as a
nominee, and sought a seat as an elective member, and
succeeded, he being the choice of the Sydney people.
He had as a colleague in the representation of Sydney,
William Charles Wentworth, who was the spokesman for the
party seeking to resume the transportation of criminals. At
the time indicated, Robert Lowe was but 38 years of age, and
had shown that fine form which enabled him to win 'high
honors in the British Parliament. In appearance he was tall
and spare, with a quiet, contemplative cast of countenance,
remarkably boyish looking, pale-faced, sharp-featured, a
well shaped head, crowned with wavy, whitish hair, with eyes
hidden beneath dark colored spectacles.
Campbell made an able introductory speech, followed by
Captain Lamb, and Robert Lowe (arrived late), who proposed
and seconded the adoption of the 'protest' printed above.
That was carried amidst loud cheers. Then Dr. Aaron
proposed, and Mr. McKinnon (who represented Port Phillip in
the Legislative Council) seconded, a proposition that the
Hashemy and her 'cargo' be sent back to England.
Harry Parkes, who claimed to belong to the largest class of
the population, the workers, supported the resolution, which
was also carried enthusiastically. Mr. Archibald Michie
proposed, and Mr. Peak seconded, 'That a deputation proceed
to Government House and present the 'protest' to the
Governor.' The deputation meant practically the entire
meeting, which moved in a body towards government House. The
gates were, however, closed, and sentries on guard. The
Private Secretary sent out instructions that a deputation of
six gentlemen might be admitted, and when admitted, they
were told that they must forward copies of the resolutions
to the Governor, who would fix a day upon which he would
receive a deputation. The big meeting incredibly had the
effect of preventing the Hashemy men from being landed in
Sydney. Some were shipped to
Moreton Bay, and others were
smuggled up the country via Newcastle (1)
Following is an extract from The Convict Ship: A
Narrative of the Results of Scriptural Instruction written by
surgeon Colin Arrott Browning........
Notes & Links:
Hunter Valley passengers and exiles of the Hashemy
Colin Arrot Browning was also surgeon on the convict ships
Surry in 1831;
1840; Earl Grey in 1843 (VDL); Theresa i in 1845
3).William Henry Groom (1833-1901), politician,
publicist and newspaper-owner, was baptized on 7 April 1833 at
Plymouth, England, son of Thomas Groom, cordwainer, and his wife
Maria, née Harkcom. After primary schooling he was apprenticed to a
baker. On 26 October 1846 he was convicted of stealing and sentenced
at the Plymouth Quarter Sessions to seven years' transportation.
From Pentonville he was sent to Sydney in the Hashemy. -
Dictionary of Biography
4). From Convict to Politician -
Mary Lou Simpson
5). A diary was also kept by a religious instructor on board, supposed
to be Mr. Henderson. The manuscript is held in the
National Library....The Diary was kept between 20 Nov. 1848
- 8 June 1849. It Records the author's observations and experiences
as a religious instructor to convicts, and his activities at
Simonstown and Cape Town
of Commons papers, Volume 26. Great Britain. Parliament
1912 'OLD SYDNEY.', Truth (Sydney, NSW : 1894 - 1954), 9 June, p.
Journal of Colin Arrot Browning on the voyage of the Hashemy in
1849, Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857
[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.,
2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the
Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and
predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes).