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Convict Ship
 Hooghley 1825

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Embarked: 195 men
Voyage: 107 days
Deaths: 2
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Tons: 480
Previous vessel: Henry arrived 27 February 1825
Next vessel: Royal Charlotte arrived 29 April 1825
Captain Peter John Reeves.  
Surgeon Robert Tainsh
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The Hooghley was built in London in 1819. Convicts were transported to New South Wales on the Hooghley in 1825, 1828, 1831 and 1834The Hooghley was the next convict ship to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Asia in October 1824.

Surgeon Robert Tainsh joined the Hooghley early in November 1824. He kept a Medical Journal from 26 October 1824 to 22 April 1825 in which many of the soldiers of the Guard are mentioned.

The ill-fated Captain Patrick Logan was in command of the Guard which consisted of 35 men of the 57th regiment and Ensign Taylor. Soldiers of the Guard were received on board in England on the 13th November. Several were ill with catarrhal complaints which arose from being cold on the march from Chatham to Deptford.

The prisoners were embarked on the Hooghley at the Cove of Cork in December. Robert Tainsh himself became ill with cholera type symptoms around 18th December after going back and forth to the hulk in an open boat in bad weather. After 12 hours cholera gave way to diarrhoea and later, after exerting himself in bringing the prisoners under control he suffered a relapse.

Several of the prisoners who were embarked on the 18th December had large wounds on their heads from a severe conflict aboard the hulk a few days previously in which one man was killed. Three of the men suffering with bowel complaints were rejected by the surgeon and sent back to the hulk.

Passengers included Mrs. Logan (who suffered from fainting fits and was treated by the surgeon on the voyage) and family; Rev. Robinson, wife and family; Mr. H. Connell and William Connell.

The Hooghley departed Cork on 5th January 1825. Many of the men suffered from diarrhoea and other bowel complaints over the next few weeks and by the 16th January scurvy had begun to affect both convicts and the guard. James Crawford aged 20 became ill on the 24th January as the vessel was approaching Rio de Janeiro. He died on the 18th February 1825. The Hooghley remained at Rio until 22nd March.

Robert Tainsh's detailed medical account during the voyage reveals that he was kept busy the entire voyage. His summary of the illnesses suffered by both convicts and soldiers:

Febrile affections, 41;
Dysentery, 71, of which 1 died on board;
Diarrhoea, 76;
Scurvy, 73;
Ulcers, 15;
Wounds and accidents, 15;
Rheumatism, 13;
Pulmonic inflammation, 2;
Emaciation and extreme debility, 1, who died on board;
Catarrh, 40;
Constipation, 24;
Venereal cases, 8;
Other complaints, 60.

The Hooghley arrived in Port Jackson on 22 April 1825, one of fourteen convict ships arriving in New South Wales in 1825.  Seventy two prisoners were disembarked on 27th April and forwarded to Parramatta for distribution.  Seventeen men were assigned to settlers and others at Parramatta; seven to Liverpool; three to Airds; six to Appin; twenty-four to Minto; thirteen to Windsor ; two to Evan and two to Bathurst.  

Notes and Links:  

1). Samuel Kingston was transported on the Hooghley. Below is part of the report of his trial at the Cork Assizes in August 1824.......Forgery - Mr. Samuel Kingston, a gentleman farmer of most respectable appearance and of property, was indicted for forging a receipt, with intent to defraud William Starkie Esq., William Starkie stated, that the prisoner was his tenant up to last January. In October witness passed the prisoner a receipt for rent; a years rent; a year's rent ending September 1822. Witness swears that the figure 2 in the date 1822 was changed to 3, so as to make the receipt appear to have been given up to September 1823. Witness has no doubt whatever but that the alteration is a forgery. Immediately after the passing of the receipt, witness went to the lands of which the prisoner was tenant, and he found all the distress, or what might be distress, completely removed. Witness had a civil bill trial with the prisoner, on which the receipt in question was given in evidence by the prisoner, to show he owed no rent to witness. Cross examined - If the receipt be taken as genuine, it would appear that witness had at least made a great mistake. Defence - Mr. George Hewitt - Witness saw the receipt the day it was passed; witness was present and heard Mr. Starkie inquire if he had seen the receipt and say that he thought he had made a mistake in it. Witness is first cousin to the prisoner. Lord Carbery gave a very good character of the prisoner which he said had been hitherto unimpeached. The Judge recapitulated the evidence to the Jury, who, after a short deliberation, returned a verdict of Guilty. The prisoner on hearing the verdict pronounced, burst into tears. (Freeman's Journal 28 August 1824)  

2). Hunter Valley convicts/ passengers arriving on the Hooghley in 1825  

3). National Archives UK - Chartered ship, 480 tons. Principal Managing Owners: 1 John W Buckle, 2 Buckle & Co. Voyages: (1) 1818/9 Bengal. Capt James Thomas Lamb. Downs 27 May 1819 - 23 Sep Calcutta - 1 Jan 1820 Kedgeree - 3 Mar Cape - 5 Apr St Helena - 30 May Downs. (2) 1830/1 New South Wales and China. Capt Peter John Reeves. Left China 16 Jan 1832 - 8 Apr St Helena - 31 May Downs

4)  Select here to find convict ships bringing detachments of the 57th regiment

5). John Graham arrived on the Hooghley. He was later sent to Moreton Bay for a colonial crime. Find out more at the Australian Dictionary of Biography Online

6). Robert Tainsh was also employed as surgeon on the convict ship Earl St. Vincent in 1823

7) The convict hulk Essex - Donal O'Sullivan

8). The crimes of the men of the Hooghley included murder, rape, sheep stealing, pig stealing, coining, forgery, abduction, manslaughter, whiteboyism, administering oaths, highway robbery, stealing yarn, watches, linen and vagrancy. Several Hooghley prisoners were tried under the Insurrection Act....

9). The Hooghley returned to England via Batavia......

5). Vessels bringing detachments of the 57th Regiment........

Date/Place of Departure Vessel Officer of the Guard
29 October 1824 Cork Asia 1825 Captain Richard Heaviside
5 January 1825 Portsmouth Asia 1825 (III) Lieutenant Thomas Bainbridge
5 January 1825 Portsmouth Royal Charlotte 1825 Major Edmund Lockyer
5 January 1825 Cork Hooghley 1825 Captain Patrick Logan
17 April 1825 Portsmouth Norfolk 1825 Captain James Brown
17 April 1825 Portsmouth Minstrel 1825 Lieutenant Henry John Tudor Shadforth
16 May 1825 Cork Lonach 1825 Lieutenant John William Donelan
11 July 1825 Cork Sir Godfrey Webster 1826 Lieutenant John Ovens
2 August 1825 Downs Medway 1825 (VDL) Lieutenant William Bates
5 August 1825 Dublin Henry Porcher 1825 Captain Vance Young Donaldson
22 August 1825 Portsmouth Marquis of Hastings 1826 Ensign Stewart
23 October 1825 Cork Mangles 1826 Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Shadforth
30 November 1825 Portsmouth Sesostris 1826 Major John Campbell
11 June 1827 London Prince Regent 1827 Lieutenant Campbell
3 November 1827 Dublin Morley 1828 Captain Robert Hunt
11 February 1828 Cork Borodino 1828 Captain Philip Aubyn
23 February 1828 Dublin Mangles 1828 Lieut. Hill & Adjutant Lieut. Kidd
27 March 1828 London Bussorah Merchant 1828 Captain Burton Daveney (+ 1 soldier)
30 June 1828 Portsmouth Marquis of Hastings 1828 Colonel Allen
23 November 1828 London Asia 1828 Lieutenant George Edwards



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