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Convict Ship Lady Feversham 1830


Embarked 180 men
Voyage: 112 days
Deaths 2
Surgeon's Journal - Yes
Tons: 430
Crew: 32 men
Previous vessel: Roslin Castle arrived 29 June 1830
Next vessel: Adrian arrived 20 August 1830
Captain Stephenson Ellerby
Surgeon Superintendent Andrew Douglas Wilson



The prisoners of the Lady Feversham were tried in counties in England - Essex, Sussex, Norfolk, Southampton,  Wiltshire, Middlesex, Surrey, Chester, London, Warwick, Oxford, Lancaster, Stafford, Bucks, Lincoln and Cambridge. They were held on various hulks before being embarked on the vessel.

Benjamin Bartington, George Carman and James Mitchell were held on the Hardy hulk.

Joseph Percox, Robert Reynolds, John Wood, Benjamin Smith, Samuel Amis and Charles Clarke Edmund Nye, Robert Bell, Stephen Norman, Robert Robinson, John Simmonds, William Hawkins, James Fibbons, Charles Minall, James Harris, Daniel Jones and James Riley were all held on the Leviathan Hulk moored at Portsmouth.

They were all embarked on the Lady Feversham on 29th March 1830.

John Frederick Mortlock described the Leviathan Hulk as it was in 1843 in his publication Experiences of a Convict ..........

A fortnight having elapsed, during which, with all my philosophy, I was fairly stupified; they conveyed me (chained hand and foot to a man now driving a cab in Tasmania) by railroad to the hulk Leviathan at Portsmouth; and quickly transmogrified me into a strange-looking object, whom no one could recognize. This was some comfort; moreover, I derived a little satisfaction from the knowledge that my dreary abode had once been occupied by gallant fellows who, under the same provocation, would have acted as I did. At any rate, I was no longer shut up in gaol, to me the most dreadful of punishments, now, I hoped, done with for ever.

This, however, as will be seen, turned out to be a mistaken expectation. The hulk, an old (Trafalgar) ninetygun ship, being very full, contained more than six hundred convicts (from starvation and discipline, tame as rabbits), housed on the three decks, which were divided into compartments, separated from each other by bulkheads, and from the gangway down the centre, by iron bars, giving the appearance of a menagerie. Owing to the height of the wharf, alongside of which she lay, the larboard row of cells, on the lower deck, was nearly in darkness, and insufficiently ventilated. "New chums," therefore, in their location down below, breathed very foul air; surely this might have been easily remedied, by removing her a few feet further off.

A pernicious habit also existed of sluicing ont all the decks every morning, with salt water, instead of dry rubbing with holystone. The chilly dampness arising from this, proved a fertile source of sickness. Good blood is only produced by wholesome food, pure air and exercise; while the two first essentials were wanting, we took too much of the latter. I swung my hammock on the starboard side, in number nineteen cell, crammed with thirty degraded objects, many of them persons of some education.




MILITARY GUARD

The guard consisted of two sergeants, two corporals and 25 privates of the 17th Regiment under command of Lieut. Harvey of the 29th regiment.  Select here to find convict ships bringing detachments of the 17th regiment. 



DEPARTURE

The Lady Feversham departed Portsmouth on 8th April 1830



SURGEON ANDREW DOUGLAS WILSON

Andrew Douglas Wilson kept a Medical Journal from 1st March 1830. He included a general report of the voyage in his journal.....

The cases contained in the journal are the whole which occurred in the ship during her passage to New South Wales, consequently the amount of sickness was not great. There were two deaths. The first died from the effects of having led a most dissolute and intemperate life; the other apparently from disease of the lungs. In some few cases where incipient appearances of scurvy presented themselves, I found the exhibition of the nitrates potasse as recommended by Mr. Charles Cameron, surgeon, to be uniformly efficacious and I consider the general good health of the convicts was greatly attributable to well ventilated and cleanly condition in which I was enabled to keep the ship.

Andrew Douglas Wilson was also employed as surgeon superintendent on convict ships Princess Royal in 1829 and the Asia in 1832.



PORT JACKSON

The Lady Feversham arrived in Port Jackson on 29 July 1830.



CONVICT MUSTER

Prisoners were mustered on board on 31st July 1830 by Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay. The youngest prisoner on board was Martin McCarthy who was 14 years old. He was sent to Carter's Barracks on arrival. Others sent to the Carter's Barracks included William Copping 16, Isaac Davis 17, Joseph Dudley 17, Richard Daws 15, Richard Haggatt 17, Charles Minall 16, Joseph Percox 16, James riley 15, William Ross 16, Thomas Smith 16, and John Simmonds 16.



DEPARTURE FROM SYDNEY

The Lady Feversham was to leave Port Jackson for Bombay in September.  



NOTES AND LINKS: :

1).  National Archives - Reference: ADM 101/41/2 Description: Medical and surgical journal of the convict ship Lady Feversham from 1 March 1830 by Douglas Wilson, surgeon and superintendent, during which the said ship was making a passage to Sydney.  

2). Return of Convicts of the Lady Feversham assigned between 1st January 1832. - Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832; 28 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....

Richard Burnell - Carpenter assigned to John Hawdon at Cowpastures
Henry Cooke - Silkweaver assigned to George Druitt at Mount Druitt
William Long - Stone cutter assigned to W.M. Bowden at Kissing Point
George Morris - Gunsmith. Assigned to James Nicholson at Sydney
William Palmer - Book binder assigned to William Moffat in Sydney
Abel Piers - Shoemaker assigned to Thomas Bartie at Williams River
Henry Smith - Upholsterer assigned to Charles Roberts at Sydney

3). Lady Feversham convicts in the Hunter Valley:

Allen, Robert  
Atkins, Walter  
Ayres, Thomas  
Baker, George  
Banks, Joseph  
Barnett, Charles  
Batchelor, John  
Bell, Robert  
Challis, Joseph  
Clegg, William  
Cole, William  
Colson, William  
Copping, William  
Coxhead, Robert  
Davis, Benjamin  
Davis, Isaac  
Drinkwater, Thomas  
Duckett, Charles  
Dugdale, John  
Elmers, Thomas  
Farley, Henry  
Flight, John  
Gillis, John Andrew  
Hampton, William  
Hawkins, Thomas  
Hawkins, Thomas  
Hill, John  
Holt, Joseph  
Jones, Daniel  
Kirkham, Laxton/ Robert  
Knowlton, James  
Luxford, William  
Marchant, George  
Moon, Edward  
Morris, George  
Norman, Stephen  
Nye, Edmund  
Percox, Joseph  
Piers, Abel  
Pinkney, William  
Potts, Edward  
Purnall, John  
Read, Thomas  
Reynolds, Robert  
Richards, John  
Ross, William  
Rowe, Henry  
Shaw, William  
Simpkins, Thomas  
Smith, Edward  
Smith, Joseph  
Smith, Richard  
Smith, William  
Spebzino, Antonio  
Stevens, John  
Sullivan, Daniel  
Watson, John  
Weldish, William  
Wickham, Robert  
Wicks, Matthew  
Williams, John  
Worley, Henry  
Wright, Lonsdale  
 

7). Convict Ships bringing detachments of the 17th regiment.....

Date/Place of Departure Vessel Officer of the Guard
30 September 1829 Sheerness Dunvegan Castle Lieut. John Grey
14 October 1829 Spithead Katherine Stewart Forbes Major Fairtclough 63rd regt.,
5 December 1829 Sheerness Mermaid Lieutenant Isaac Blackburn
1 January 1830 Cork Forth 1 Captain James Oliphant Clunie
1 January 1830 Sheerness Nithsdale Captain Robert G. Moffatt
8 April 1830 Portsmouth Lady Feversham Lieutenant  Harvey 29th regt.,
9 April 1830 Sheerness Marquis of Huntley Lieutenant Watson 20th regt.,
27 April 1830 Portsmouth Adrian Ensign Reynolds
6 June 1830 Downs Lord Melville Lieutenant Robert Graham
3 July 1830 Dublin Hercules Major J.W. Bouverie
5 July 1830 Portsmouth Royal Admiral Captain John Church
27 July 1830 Plymouth Burrell Captain John Alexander Edwards
28 August 1830 Cork Andromeda Captain Charles Forbes
4 September 1830 Sheerness York Lieut-Col. Henry Despard
17 October 1830 Cork Edward Captain Deeds
10 May 1832 Cork Eliza II Lieutenant Hewson 4th regiment



REFERENCES

[1] Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 Medical Journal of Andrew Douglas Wilson on the voyage of the Lady Feversham in 1830. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

[2] Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The Convict Ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.348-349, 386