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Convict Ship Lonach 1825

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Embarked: 144 men
Voyage: 111 days
Deaths 1
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Tons: 399
Previous vessel: Minstrel arrived 22 August 1825
Next vessel: Henry Porcher arrived 3 December 1825
Master William Henry Driscoll.  
Surgeon Alick Osborne
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The Lonach was built in Littlehampton in 1807. (1)   She was the next convict ship to leave Ireland after the departure of the Mariner in March 1825.

The Lonach departed Cork on 16 May 1825.  

The Guard consisted of Lieutenant Donelan of 57th regiment with a detachment of the same corps. Select here to find convicts ship bringing detachments of the 57th regiment.

Passengers included Mr. Drew and Thomas & Anne Stubbs.  

Alick Osborne kept a Medical Journal from 23 March to 9th September 1825.....
We sailed from Cork on the 16th May 1825 and met with strong southerly winds for eight days. Most of the convicts were country people, many of them had never seen the sea before, and consequently they suffered exceedingly from sea sickness. As soon as they got over the sea sickness, obstinate constipation and a terrific host of bowel complaints made their appearance and harassed us the whole of the voyage. Dysentery, diarrhoea, colic, constipation daily presented themselves and in some instances were extremely severe and troublesome. This class of Irish prisoners appear to be very liable to dyspepsia, and irregularity of action in the alimentary canal; and the total change in their diet combined with the effects of the depressing passions strengthens the predisposition and excites their diseases in the worst form.  

After passing the Cape, late in July the weather became cold and stormy. We then issued a pair of flannel drawers to each man and a gill of wine daily, the regular allowance of lime juice and sugar of course as usual; and giving them as much exercise in the open air as weather and circumstances would permit. About a week previous to our arrival at New South Wales, I discovered symptoms of scurvy in five young men of scrofulous habit and weak constitution.  

Convicts mentioned in the Surgeon's journal included:

James Murphy, convict, aged 26;

John Connor, private 57th regiment, aged 27;

Patrick Naughton, convict, aged 22; disease or hurt, he is of slender form and delicate constitution much oppressed with grief and despondency Taken ill, 23 June 1825 at sea. Died 3 July 1825.

John Donovan, convict, aged 27. (3)

One hundred and forty-three male prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on 4 September 1825. A Muster was held on board by Colonial Secretary Frederick Goulburn on 6th and 7th September 1825. The indents include information such as name, when and where tried, sentence, native place, trade and physical description.  

The Lonach departed the colony 7th October bound for Batavia    

Notes & Links:  

1). Alick Osborne was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships Speke in 1826, Sophia in 1829, Sarah in 1829, Planter in 1832, Fairlie in 1834,   Marquis of Huntley in 1835 and the Elphinstone in 1838.  

2). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Lonach in 1825

3).  Return of Convicts of the Lonach assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832).....Walter Darcey - Harness maker assigned to James Mudie at Castle Forbes

4). Vessels bringing detachments of the 57th Regiment........

Date/Place of Departure Vessel Officer of the Guard
29 October 1824 Cork Asia 1825 Captain Richard Heaviside
5 January 1825 Portsmouth Asia 1825 (III) Lieutenant Thomas Bainbridge
5 January 1825 Portsmouth Royal Charlotte 1825 Major Edmund Lockyer
5 January 1825 Cork Hooghley 1825 Captain Patrick Logan
17 April 1825 Portsmouth Norfolk 1825 Captain James Brown
17 April 1825 Portsmouth Minstrel 1825 Lieutenant Henry John Tudor Shadforth
16 May 1825 Cork Lonach 1825 Lieutenant John William Donelan
11 July 1825 Cork Sir Godfrey Webster 1826 Lieutenant John Ovens
2 August 1825 Downs Medway 1825 (VDL) Lieutenant William Bates
5 August 1825 Dublin Henry Porcher 1825 Captain Vance Young Donaldson
22 August 1825 Portsmouth Marquis of Hastings 1826 Ensign Stewart
23 October 1825 Cork Mangles 1826 Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Shadforth
30 November 1825 Portsmouth Sesostris 1826 Major John Campbell
11 June 1827 London Prince Regent 1827 Lieutenant Campbell
3 November 1827 Dublin Morley 1828 Captain Robert Hunt
11 February 1828 Cork Borodino 1828 Captain Philip Aubyn
23 February 1828 Dublin Mangles 1828 Lieut. Hill & Adjutant Lieut. Kidd
27 March 1828 London Bussorah Merchant 1828 Captain Burton Daveney (+ 1 soldier)
30 June 1828 Portsmouth Marquis of Hastings 1828 Colonel Allen
23 November 1828 London Asia 1828 Lieutenant George Edwards


(1). Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.346-347

(2). UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

(3). National Archives - Reference: ADM 101/43/4 Description: Medical journal of the Lonach, convict ship from 23 March to 9 September 1825 by Alick Osborne, surgeon and superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed in conveying convicts from Cork to New South Wales.



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