The Louisa was built in Workington in 1810. She carried a crew of 32 men on this voyage. (2) Ninety women were embarked probably early in July 1827.
The women had been tried in Stirling, Glasgow, Lancaster, Cumberland, Kent, Bristol, Sussex, York, Aberdeen, Chester, Montgomery, Lincoln, Ayr, Edinburgh,Cambridge, Durham, Devon, Norfolk, Surry and Wilstshire and were probably brought from county gaols to London by carts and caravans. More than a quarter had been tried in London and would have been taken directly to Newgate prison after trial.
Mrs. Fry visiting female prisoner at Newgate
The Louisa departed Woolwich on 24th July 1827 with ninety female prisoners and 21 children from England and Scotland. It was a remarkably fast journey - eighty-four days to Bass Strait, reportedly the fastest passage known at the time.
SURGEON JOSEPH COOK
The Australian remarked that Joseph Cook had been in England only 14 days when he embarked on the Louisa and had returned to the colonies in only a little over nine months.
He kept a Medical Journal from 6th July 1827 to 18 December 1827........ Most of the women gave their calling as servant, nursemaid or housemaid. Some according to the surgeon's journal had been prostitutes. (1)
The first entry was for Elizabeth Dean on 31st July. Elizabeth was 36 years old. She had been in the jail at Hastings and became ill while still at Woolwich. Her illness was exacerbated by drunkenness and she suffered 'rigors' throughout the voyage, although according to Joseph Cook she was in good health by the time she landed.
The next case was that of James Williams, probably the son of Sarah Williams. Joseph Cook recorded the circumstances of the child's death in his journal:
James Williams, aged 15 months, convict's child, taken ill at Woolwich; sick or hurt, dysentery (marasmus), embarked with his mother from Bristol had been partially taken from the breast two days before leaving that place and having been brought here on the top of the coach by exposure during the night and getting wet, was feverish and bad cough; put on sick list 4 August 1827, died 29 August 1827 at 8 pm.
The child of Priscilla Kelly (Weymss) also died on 3rd September aged 15 months.
Jane Brett aged 2, suffered from pertussis (whooping cough) and survived.
Although many women had left children behind at least nine brought children with them on the voyage -
Jane Brett (3);
Jean Cameron (1);
Mary Graham (4);
Ann Goldie or Hughes (7);
Catherine Lyons (1);
Mary Anne Mean (5);
Ann Manby (1);
Avis Pope (1); and
Hannah Wright (2).
Several women suffered dysentery, venereal disease and fevers, however none of the women suffered from scurvy and no deaths occurred. (1)
Joseph Cook was employed as Surgeon Superintendent on the convict ships Phoenix in 1826, Southworth in 1822, Sir Charles Forbes in 1825 (VDL), Louisa in 1827, Mellish in 1829, Forth (11) in 1830 and the
Portland in 1832.
It was around the 18th November when the women were given their first sight of Australia when the vessel reached Cape Otway.
They arrived in Port Jackson on Monday 3 December 1827, a remarkably fast voyage of 100 - 101 days. The Louisa was one of five convict ships bringing female prisoners to New South Wales in 1827,
the others being the Grenada, Brothers, Harmony and Princess Charlotte. Over five hundred female prisoners arrived in the colony in 1827
MUSTER OF CONVICTS
On Thursday 6th December Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay and Principal Superintendent of Convicts Frederick A. Hely inspected and mustered the women prior to their landing and distribution.
Sarah Radford a house servant from Devonshire who, according to the indent was the fairest lass on board with a fresh fair complexion, dark brown hair and eyes and a good looking ingenuous countenance, was immediately assigned to Mr. Hely.
Sarah Murhens was the youngest prisoner on board. She was just 15 years old and described as 'well looking'.
Her sister was already in the colony having arrived on the Grenada in January 1827.
The convict indents for the Louisa are more informative than most. As well as the usual information such as name, age, religion, education, marital status, family, calling, crime, date and place of trial, sentence and native place there is also occasional information regarding family members already in the colony or expected soon, deaths and other colonial information.
There is also a detailed physical description of each of the women including in some cases extra remarks - thus the details of the comely Sarah Radford mentioned above are revealed. Most of the women were without Sarah Radford's attributes and Alexander McLeay and Frederick Hely were unusually personal in their descriptions -
Ann Manby age 55 had a pock pitted complexion and a black beard!
Mary Muirhead from Scotland was described as a very large young woman;
Lydia Hitchens had an unprepossessing countenance;
Elizabeth Christmas spoke with the right side of her mouth;
Amelia Peacock was sullen looking;
Lucy Parkins had lost all the teeth in her mouth
and poor Mary Jones age 48 was described as 'sinister looking'.
The convict indents include the information of where each of the women was assigned on arrival.
The following women were later assigned to settlers....
Jane Brett was assigned to George Wyndham at Dalwood
Jane Cameron assigned to John Smith at Newcastle
Ann Carroll to William Bucknell
Mary Harrop to Thomas Holmes
NOTES AND LINKS:
Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1827 - Grenada, Brothers, (F) Albion, Midas, Mariner, Countess of Harcourt, Guildford, Marquis of Hastings, Princess Charlotte,
Manlius, Cambridge, Harmony, Prince Regent, Champion, Eliza, John and the Louisa
Transportation of Female Convicts
3). Female Convicts
4). Parramatta Female Factory
5). Newcastle Female Factory
6). About fifteen of the women have been identified residing in the Hunter Region in the following years. Select HERE to find out more about Hunter Valley convicts/ passengers of the Louisa.
7). National Archives - Reference: ADM 101/45/6 Description: Medical journal of the Louisa, convict ship from 6 July to 18 December 1827 by Joseph Cook, surgeon and superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed in a voyage from England to New South Wales
1. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
2. Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.346-347, 385