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Convict Ship Margaret 1839

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Embarked: 166 women
Voyage: 126 days
Deaths: Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous voyage: Elphinstone arrived 29 December 1838
Next voyage: Theresa arrived 31 January 1839
Captain Edward Canney
Surgeon Superintendent George Todd Moxey
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The Margaret was built in Chepstow in 1829. [2] Female prisoners were transported to New South Wales on the Margaret in 1837, 1839 and 1840.

One hundred and sixty-six female prisoners and 44 children, as well as 57 free women and children, wives and daughters of convicts were embarked in Ireland in August 1839.


George Todd Moxey kept a Medical Journal from 20 July 1838 to 14 January 1839..........

He inspected the women at the jail in Dublin on 23 August 1838 prior to embarkation and was highly pleased at their clean and healthy appearance. Most of the prisoners were young and robust, the free women were more aged.

He remarked that the total number of women was 269, and the Margaret being a vessel of only 364 tons, conditions were crowded. He endeavoured to impress upon them the necessity for their own health and comfort of keeping their berth places clean, dry and airy and by issuing gratuities of tea and sugar to the cleanest and best regulated messes. He maintained strict although mild discipline and in a short time the women became a well behaved, obedient and orderly set of women. [1]


The Margaret departed Kingstown, Ireland on 1st September 1838 and came via the Cape touching there 14th November 1838.


Cabin Passengers included Rev. Frederick Wilkinson and Mrs. Wilkinson who were returning to the colony from England.


The Margaret arrived in Port Jackson on 5 January 1839.



1). Some of the free women and children who arrived on the Margaret can be found in Wives & Children of Irish Convicts Petitioned by Husbands and Fathers. CD-ROM. Central Coast Family History Society Inc. East Gosford, New South Wales. An index of this CD can be found on Ancestry.

2). Hunter Valley Convicts and passengers arriving on the Margaret in 1839

3). Five ships transported female convicts to New South Wales in 1839 the Margaret, Planter, Whitby, Mary Ann and Minerva. A total of 727 female prisoners arrived in the colony in 1839.

4). George Todd Moxey was born on 5 September 1801, son of Benjamin Solomon Moxey and Jane Todd. He was Christened on 14 Oct 1801 at Athelstaneford, East Lothian Scotland.

In 1819 he was on the list of Gentlemen who appeared before the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and produced certificates of their completing the course of Study prescribed by the College and been admitted on examination. He was fully qualified to practice the arts of Anatomy, Surgery and Pharmacy and received a diploma accordingly.

In 1821 he was on list of Gentlemen who were conferred the degree of Doctor in Medicine having gone through their appointed examinations and publicly defended their Inaugural Dissertations: - Puerperatum Hysteritide - (107)

In November 1822 George Todd Moxey was promoted from Surgeon's Mate to Assistant surgeon (52) and then surgeon on 20 August 1829.

He was appointed to the Samarang in 1831 which was ordered home in 1834.  

George Todd Moxey was next appointed to the Woodbridge which departed Sheerness 12 October 1839 and arrived in Port Jackson 26 February 1840. His next appointment was to the Susan which departed Plymouth 24 April 1842 and arrived in Van Diemen's Land 25 July 1842.

His last appointment on a vessel to Australia was the Mount Stewart Elphinstone which departed England on 26th May 1849 and brought prisoners to Moreton Bay.

He was on the list of Surgeons of the Royal Navy, retired in 1864. He is listed in the Medical Register 1865. Residence: 11 Mansion House Road, Grange Edinburgh. Qualifications Lic. Royal College Susrgeons Edinburgh 1819. M.D. University Edinburgh 1821.

George Moxey and his wife Isabella can be found in the 1881 Census residing at 11 S. Mansionhouse Edinburgh with 1 servant. His occupation is given as retired Staff Surgeon R.N. George is 79 and Isabella 74. He died soon afterwards.


[1]. Journal of George Todd Moxey. UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857. The National Archives, Kew, Surry

[2].  Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney,