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Convict Ship Marquis of Huntley 1826

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Embarked: 200 men
Voyage: 120 days
Deaths: 3
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Regalia arrived 5 August 1826
Next vessel: England arrived 18 September 1826  
Captain William Ascough
Surgeon Superintendent William Rae

The Marquis of Huntley was built in Aberdeen in 1804. (1) Convicts were transported to New South Wales on the Marquis of Huntley in 1826, 1828, 1830 and 1835.  

The Marquis of Huntley departed Sheerness 16 May 1826 and arrived in Port Jackson on 13 September 1826 with 197 male prisoners.  

The Guard consisted of a detachment of the 39th regiment under the orders of Major Donald MacPherson.   Select here to find other convicts ships bringing detachments of the 39th regiment to New South Wales.

William Rae kept a Medical Journal from 29th March to 21st September 1826. There is an interesting map in the journal tracking the progress of the Marquis of Huntley and showing the weather and illnesses experienced at different points.   The first cases William Rae attended were of ophthalmia which members of the Guard brought on board. It spread to the convicts and even the surgeon and one of the convicts who assisted in the hospital suffered with it.... the surgeon remarked - tears in this case will flow from sympathy!!   Later in the journal he gave his opinion as to the state of the minds of some of the convicts he had observed.......

The fatal case of typhus was lost by concealment of the malady until it had gained an unconquerable height. It was a bad case in a very bad man and I may here observe that when disease occurs amongst convicts the surgeon has much to do and a difficult part to perform, for, if he wishes to cure bodily disease, he must administer frequently to that of the mind - many of those unfortunate men when cooped up on board a ship and nothing but a wide expanse of sky and sea around them, become totally changed and keenly alive to a sense of their crime and unhappy situation.

Withdrawn from the company and example of their wicked associates on shore and without the means of drowning thought in dissipation, time is allowed for reflection and the once blunted conscience is awakened to a sense of all its horrors. Some promise fair for amendment, but too, too many when once on shore return to their vicious habits again.   The generality of them however behaved well on board and I had much less turmoil or disturbance during this voyage than in either of my former ones, indeed by laying down proper rules and regulations for their governance and accepting them on embarkation, and if necessary enforcing the same by an early well timed and efficient punishment, much trouble will probably be spared during the remainder of the voyage.(2)

He noted in the journal that plenty of fish could be procured from outside the harbour's waters of the island of St Paul's which was not more than 12 or 15 miles in circumference and of volcanic origin. He also made reference to the island of Amsterdam and that whales and seals were sporting about in all directions.  

Prisoners mentioned in the Surgeon's Journal:

George Hooper, aged 60, prisoner;

Samuel Worsley, aged 31, prisoner;

Benjamin Watkins, aged 39, private 39th regiment;

John Sullivan, aged 18, private 39th regiment;

John Harvey, aged 18, prisoner;

William Quirk, aged 24, private 39th regiment;

Folio 10: Robert King, aged 30, prisoner;

James Ryan, aged 20, private 39th regiment;

Philip Hynes, aged 18, private 39th regiment;

Joseph Ambler, aged 30, prisoner;

James Dovey, aged 20, prisoner;

Patrick Cunningham, aged 23, private 39th regiment;

John Ameys, aged 60, prisoner died 19 August 1826 at 1 am.
John Curtain, aged 27, private 39th regiment;

William Weller, aged 19, prisoner;

George Pickering, aged 26, prisoner; (3)

The Marquis of Huntley arrived in Port Jackson on the evening of 12th September. The Colonial Secretary accompanied by the Principal Superintendent of Convicts was occupied the whole of Thursday 14th September in mustering the prisoners on board the vessel prior to their landing on the following Tuesday.   The indents include the name, age, education, religion, marital status, family, trade, native place, offence, when and where tried, sentence, prior convictions, physical description, to whom assigned on arrival together with some details of Conditional Pardons and colonial crimes and sentences  

William Rae was employed as surgeon on the convict ships Isabella in 1823, Eliza in 1822, Prince Regent in 1827 and the Marquis of Hastings in 1828    

Notes & Links:    

1). The following men were convicted in Scotland.......
William Donnachie was tried in Glasgow
John Stockwell tried in Edinburgh.
John Kean or Kane tried in Glasgow. Committed suicide in 1841 at Maitland
Charles McGee tried in Edinburgh....

...The Edinburgh Magazine

2). Find out more about innkeeper Sylvester Thornton who arrived on the Marquis of Huntley  

3). Major Donald McPherson was later Commandant at Bathurst  

4). Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Marquis of Huntley in 1826  

Eleven convict ships brought prisoners to New South Wales in 1826 - Marquis of Hastings, Sir Godfrey Webster, Mangles, Sesostris, Lady Rowena, Regalia, Marquis of Huntley, England, Boyne, Speke and Phoenix

6) Joshua Higgs arrived as a convict on the Marquis of Huntley. Find out more in descendant Nick Brodie's 'Kin'.

7).  Return of Convicts of the Marquis of Huntley assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832).....  
John Griffin - Errand boy assigned to Edward Alcorn at Windsor

8). Convict ships bringing detachments of the 39th regiment included the following............

Departed Vessel Command
Dublin 16 March 1826 Regalia Lieutenant William Sacheverell Coke
Downs 6 May 1826 England Major George Pitt D'Arcy
Sheerness 16 May 1826 Marquis of Huntley Major Donald MacPherson
Cork 29 June 1826 Boyne Captain Thomas Edward Wright
Sheerness 8 August 1826 Speke Lieutenant Henry Clarence Scarman
Dublin 27 August 1826 Phoenix Lieutenant Charles Cox
Plymouth 4 October 1826 Albion Captain Francis Crotty
Plymouth 16 October 1826 Midas Lieutenant George Meares Bowen
Cork 14 January 1827 Mariner Captain Charles Sturt
Dublin 14 February 1827 Countess of Harcourt Ensign Spencer
Plymouth 31 March 1827 Guildford Captain John Douglas Forbes
Downs 17 April 1827 Manlius Quarter-master Benjamin Lloyd
Dublin 2 June 1827 Cambridge Colonel Patrick Lindesay
London 3 June 1827 Champion Ensign Reid
London 27 March 1828 Bussorah Merchant Ensign W. Kennedy Child
Dublin 15 September 1828 Sophia Major Thomas Poole


(1). Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.346-347

(2). UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

3). National Archives - Reference: ADM 101/50/7 Description: Medical and surgical journal of the Marquis of Huntley male convict ship for 29 March 1824 to 21 September 1826 by William Rae, surgeon and superintendent, during which time the said ship was employed in a voyage to Port Jackson New South Wales.



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