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Convict Ship Morley 1829

 
Embarked: 200 men
Voyage: 114 days
Deaths: 0
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Tons 492
Crew: 40 men
Previous vessel: Lucy Davidson arrived 29 November 1829
Next vessel: Claudine arrived 6 December 1829
Captain Harrison William
Surgeon Superintendent Richard Lewis




The Morley was built on the Thames in 1811. This was the last of four voyages bringing convicts to New South Wales, the others being in 1817, 1818, 1820 and 1828; and to Van Diemen's Land in 1820 and 1823.


MILITARY GUARD

The Military guard consisted of 29 rank and file of different corps under the command of Captain Storey of 20th regiment as well as five women and five children. They embarked at Deptford on Saturday 18th July 1829.



CONVICTS

Convicts of the Morley were tried in towns and counties in England and Scotland - Kent, Middlesex, York, Hertford, Lincoln, Lancaster, Salop, Warwick,  Derby, Chester,  Surrey, Nottingham,  Worcester, Bucks,  Leicester, Aberdeen, Glasgow and Edinburgh.   They had been held in prison hulks -  some for many months. 

Charles Fletcher and James Ward were tried at Nottingham on 16 April 1828 and admitted to the Retribution hulk with many others on 13 May 1828. They were transferred to the Morley on 27 July 1829 and so had already spent fourteen months on the hulk before they set sail. [6]

Retribution hulkDrawing of two convict hulks? at quayside steps, one HMS Retribution.

Three days later on 30 July 1829 one hundred prisoners held on the Dophin Hulk were transferred to the Morley. (5)



CABIN PASSENGERS

Passengers included Mrs. Storey and Lieut Tranton of 57th regiment and surveyor Felton Matthew.

Felton Matthew embarked on the 3rd August at Sheerness. He recorded the event in his diary.....

The weather throughout the day stormy and tempestuous with heavy rain at intervals wind W.S.W. my first day on board ship has certainly been a most unpropitious one. The variety of noises by which I was kept awake at night and disturbed early in the morning the disagreeable smells the clanking chains of the convicts with other sights and sounds far from agreeable tend to impress me with an idea of the inconveniences to which they who travel by sea must be subject. [1]

On 9th August they weighed anchor at 3.30p.m. with a strong wind from W.S.W. and had a fine view of Margate and Ramsgate and anchored off Deal [1]



DEPARTURE

The Morley departed England on 11th August 1829.

In his diary Felton Matthew reveals his last views of England, a sight most of the convicts on board would never see again......

[11 AUG 1829] Tuesday 11th Augt At past 5 A.M. weighed with a little light wind from N.W. after doubling the S Foreland it fell calm & continued so throughout the day at 9 we were opposite Dover and continued in nearly the same position for several hours. Light air from S.E. but we made very little progress & at night were nearing Dungeness. Weather clear & beautiful The scenery along the coast is delightful we sailed within about 2 miles of Dover and had a fine view of the town which appears neat & pretty. The Castle is a fine building & its situation most commanding. The French coast clearly visible upwards of 30 sail vessels on our stern rounding the Foreland presented a very pretty appearance

[12 AUG 1829] Wednesday 12 Augt At 6 A.M. had made but little progress. light wind from S.E. almost acalm Weather clear and fine at 2 P.M. Beachy Head W.N.W. of us at 4 P.M. a fine breeze from W.S.W. sprang up which carried us rapidly on our course passed successively Rye Winchelsea & Hastings at the latter place I could distinctly observe the "lovers Seat," "The Conqueror's Table" and other well known spots

[13 AUG 1829] Thursday 13th At 8 A.M. abreast of the Isle of Wight wind W.S.W. making way rapidly towards night blew very fresh
[14 AUG 1829] Friday 14th Wind blowing hard from N.E. sailed in the night 10 knots an hour Start Point in view towards eveng lost sight of land entirely a very boisterous night

[15 AUG 1829] Saturday 15th Wind strong from N.E. towards noon moderated a little in the eveng exchanged colours with a Swedish man of war Weather fine but cold

[16 AUG 1829] Sunday 16th Weather fine & warm wind S.E. Latitude at noon 47 22' N nothing can possibly be more monotonous than the scene around us not a solitary bird nor a fish nor any living thing to be seen. I think it must require a well regulated mind to sustain its equanimity during a long voyage by sea. Thrown entirely upon its own resources it must require considerable exertion to resist the encroachments of ennui. I am glad to perceive that some little deference is paid to this day. The morning service is read to the prisoners by the Doctor and to the guard by their officers & all the seamenmake a point of appearing in their best & cleanest clothing
[1]



SURGEON RICHARD LEWIS

This was Richard Lewis' first voyage as surgeon superintendent on a convict ship. He kept a Medical Journal from 8 August to 14 December 1829........

There were no deaths on the voyage. There were several cases of sea sickness early in the voyage and some long-lasting cases gave rise to fevers. At the end of the voyage diseases of debility became more prevalent and there were several cases of scurvy, only cured by arrival in port and a healthier diet. He described two cases of vesicular eruption, affecting the lower extremities which answered to the description given by Dr. Bateman of Rupia which is said to arise most commonly in the ill ventilated dwellings of the indigent in prisons and poor houses.

There were two births, both natural and of short duration. One was to Mary Donovan, wife of Serjeant Donovan on 13 October and the other to Bridget Hands, wife of Private Hands on 3rd November.

Two patients sustained fractures, the second being so close to the head of the bond of the arm that splints could not be used and a wedge shaped pad was improvised and placed in the axilla. [3]


PORT JACKSON

The Morley arrived at Port Jackson on 3rd December 1829.


CONVICT MUSTER

A muster was held on board by the Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay on 5th December 1829. The convict indents include the name, age, education, religion, marital status, family, native place, trade, offence, date and place of trial, sentence, prior conviction, physical description and where assigned to on arrival.

The Sydney Gazette reported that the prisoners were landed on Monday 14th December and marched to Hyde Park Barracks. A number of them had the appearance of respectability. [2]


ASSIGNMENT

The younger convicts were sent to Carter's Barracks. Those sent to the Hunter Valley region were assigned to William Miller, J.T. Lamb, James McClymont John Single, John McIntyre, Donald Mcintyre, Timothy Nowlan, James Smith, James Adair and Robert & Helenus Scott. Select here or search the database to find out more about these settlers.



DEPARTURE FROM SYDNEY

The Morley was to sail for China in January 1830.



NOTES AND LINKS:

1). Hunter Valley convicts arriving on the Morley in 1829

2). Bushranger Richard Anscomb arrived on the Morley. He was executed in 1831

3). An old man named James Gloucester (loster), was fully committed for stealing a tongue, the property of his employer Mr. Jobbins - Sydney Gazette 31 May 1832.  

4). Return of Convicts of the Morley assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 28 June 1832; 5 July 1832)..... James AtkinsonWheelwright. Assigned to Edward C. Close at MorpethJames BennBlacksmith. Assigned to Duncan MacFarlane at ArgyleEdward MasonSaddler assigned to Berry and Co., SydneySamuel PayneBricklayer assigned to James Walker at Wallalang

5). National Archives: Reference: ADM 101/55/7 Description: Medical and surgical journal of the convict ship Morley for 8 August to 14 December 1829 by Richard Lewis, Surgeon, during which time the said ship was employed on a passage to Port Jackson, New South Wales, having on board 200 male convicts.



REFERENCES:

[1] Diary of Felton Matthew  - The Diary of Felton Mathew: A government surveyor in colonial New South Wales Originals held in the manuscript collection of the National Library of Australia, Canberra. Transcribed, edited and published by Bruce Jones.

[2] Sydney Gazette 15 December 1829

[3] Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

[4] Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.348-349, 386

[5] A list of one hundred convicts embarked on board the Morley for New South Wales from the Dolphin hulk at Chatham. [manuscript] : this 29th day of July 1829 pursuant to the Right Honourable Robert Peels' Order of the 15th day of July 1829 National Library of Australia Catalogue

[6] Convict Prison Hulks: Registers and Letter Books; Class: HO9; Piece: 4 Source Information Ancestry.com. UK, Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849 Original data: Home Office: Convict Prison Hulks: Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849. Microfilm, HO9, 5 rolls. The National Archives, Kew, England.