The six surviving women were
Rose Ann Hyland,
Rose Dunn and
Captain Peck sailed from
Launceston to Sydney on the Nimrod in August and
probably returned to England on the Andromeda in
September 1835. (3)
Notes & Links:
of the Neva -
Sydney Monitor 18 July 1835
Convicts ships to New South Wales in
4). John Stephenson
was surgeon superintendent on the convict ships
1831, Katherine Stewart Forbes in 1832 (VDL),
in 1833 and the Neva in 1835.
5). Three vessels transporting convicts to Australia were
wrecked in the year 1835. .......the Neva, the
Hive which ran
aground on a beach south of Jervis Bay and the George III
which was wrecked near Hobart.
6). Extract From the
Old Sea Captain.......
"Well, Captain, you will tell us how to build a better
ship, will you?"
"Will I? Ay, that I will, my boys, from the keel to the
mast head. Don't be out of heart; you may be shipwrights yet in her majesty's
dockyard. When we think of the dangers of shipwreck, we ought to take care
that every vessel is sea-worthy. The best ship that was ever built would soon
go to pieces, if her stem was fast on a reef, and her stern battered by the
breakers against the rocks.
Only think of the
Neva, boys; she struck on a
reef, and soon after broke into four parts."
"Terrible! terrible! No wonder that you don't
like to see a ship badly built, Captain. But please to tell us about the
Neva. In what part of the world was she? and how came she to get upon the
"It was a sad affair, boys! Sudden death is terrible;
but when it comes upon those who have lived all their lives breaking the
commandments of God, and the laws of mankind, it must be more terrible still.
It ill becomes us to judge hardly of the guiltiest being that lives under the
skies; for we are all sinners, and all stand in need of God's mercy. Every
one of you, and the old sea Captain too, stands as much in need of a Saviour
as the most cruel pirate that was ever hung; but when we think, that the Neva
had on board so many who had been condemned to transportation, on account of
their crimes, we cannot help fearing, that many of them were hardened and
unrepentant offenders. Oh, boys! boys! have a care that you do not run
aground on the shoals of temptation; look to a heavenly Pilot; keep a sharp
look out from the mast head; beware of pirates; do not carry too much sail,
and too little ballast; never neglect to take soundings in unknown latitudes;
and mind that your ship's compass always points where it ought to do.
"Please now to tell us all about the Neva."
"It was on the 8th of January, 1835, that the Neva left
Cork, bound for Sydney. The old sea Captain was there with a cargo fifty
years ago; then it was only known as a place where convicts were sent. Every
body has heard of Botany Bay. But now the whole country is looking up, and it
is a thriving place. Well; the Neva had a hundred and fifty women on board,
all convicts, beside fifty-five children, and nine free emigrants. Emigrants,
you know, are those who leave their own country of their own accord for
"What a number of women to be transported! and all in
one ship, too! Who was the captain?"
"The Neva was commanded by Captain Peck; and twenty-six men formed the crew.
All went on well, and fair wind took them along without accident. On the 13th
of May, they were within about thirty leagues of King's Island, at the
entrance of Bass's Straits, and here they gave a sharp look out for land. It
was, I think, early on the following morning that they made land."
"What is making land, Captain?"
"When land, a long way off, is seen from a vessel
sailing towards it, it is said that the ship has made land. Making land is a
sea phrase for approaching land seen in the distance. You will remember new.
All at once, breakers were discovered right a-head, the ship was put about;
but for all that, she struck, unshipped her rudder, became unmanageable, and
then struck again on the larboard-bow. Putting a ship about, is to set the
sails, and move the rudder so as to bring the ship's head to the wind; and
unshipping a rudder, is having the helm broken from the ship, or rendered
"Thank you, Captain."
"It was time for the hands to be stirring, for the ship
swung broadside heavily on the reef, and bilged at once. To bilge, is to be
broken in. In vain the captain tried to keep up the courage of those around
him. A wild shriek of distress rose from the vessel; for the women were
horror-struck so soon as they knew their situation, and cried out to be set
at liberty. Think of a hundred and fifty poor guilty wretched beings, about
to be launched into an eternal world, without warning or preparation."
"Ay, they repented of their bad ways, then, no
doubt; but it was too late."
"We never know when it is too late, boys. The thief on
the cross was pardoned, when all would have thought it too late. The captain
got into the pinnace, with the surgeon, the superintendent, and two sailors;
but the striking of the ship on the reef had burst the prison-doors, and many
of the shrieking women leaped from the side of the vessel, and got into the
pinnace, or hung upon her in such numbers, that they swamped her. All in the
boat were lost, but the captain and the two sailors: these, with hard
struggling, got back to the ship."
"That captain had no business to run away from the poor
convicts, and leave them to be drowned."
"The long-boat then put off, but with no better success
than the pinnace, for the surf upset it. It was too rough for a boat to live
in. Again the captain escaped, for he was a good swimmer; but hardly had he
reached the ship before she went to pieces. Never was a more dreadful scene!
The vessel had broken up into four parts, and every one of them was crowded
with women, wringing their hands, screaming for help, and praying aloud."
"Poor creatures! what a dreadful situation to be placed
in. A ship, broken in four parts, could not long swim in the water."
"True, boys: for a time, the wretched creatures kept
shrieking for assistance, but the howling winds and roaring waves only seemed
to mock them in their distress. At last, the different parts of the wreck
went down, and almost all the women were whelmed in the -waters."
"They were not all drowned, then? How many escaped?"
"Twenty-two persons, by clinging to parts of the wreck,
and struggling hard for eight hours, got to King's Island; but seven of them
died soon after. Those who reached the land, happily picked up a slender
stock of provisions that floated ashore. After this, they were joined by the
crew of a small vessel, which happened to be wrecked on the same island; and
the whole party continued to keep themselves alive by fishing and hunting,
till a ship hove off the coast, and took them away."
"Why, what a many must have been drowned!"
"Before they quitted the island, they buried a
hundred fellow beings, who had perished in the deep, and whose bodies had
(1). Belfast Newsletter 13th January 1835
The Launceston Advertiser 2 July 1835
Colonist 17 September 1835