was built at Topsham in 1810. Convicts were transported to
Australia on the Phoenix in 1822 and
On this voyage in 1822 the Phoenix left Portsmouth on the 5th January in company with
- the day previously to the departure of the Mary Ann and
Denmark Hill; all four vessels bound for Van Diemen's
The Military Guard comprised a detachment of the 3rd
Regiment (Old Buffs), under the orders of Brevet Lieut.-Colonel
Cameron, and Ensign got, of the same
regiment. Ten women and ten children belonging to the guard were
also on board
Surgeon Evan Evan kept a Medical Journal from
19 October 1821 - 25 May 1822................
|19 October 1821: Joined the ship
at Deptford and reported to Captain Young, agent for
27 October 1821: A detachment of
the 3rd Regiment embarked on board as Guard over convicts.
4 November 1821: The ship dropped down from Deptford and
arrived at Portsmouth on the 8th.
1821 at Portsmouth: Embarked 120 convicts from the Leviathan
Hulk, and 64 from the York.
11 November 1821 at
Spithead: Issued the bibles, testaments, prayer books etc to
them [convicts] before the divine service.
November 1821 at Spithead: In consequence of the severity of
the gale last night, the ship drove some distance, and this
day the crew were employed in getting the anchors up and in
working the ship to an anchorage at the Motherbank which
took up most of the day, consequently very few convicts
permitted on deck
20 December 1821 at Motherbank: 9am
the ship getting under weigh. The convicts with colds are
nearly well today. The vaccination not having the least
effect. 2pm working out of St Helens.
1821 in the Channel: 9am blowing very hard and has blown a
hard gale all night, mostly from the SW. The prison very
wet, leaking in every direction over the prison and most of
the convicts very sea sick, bearing up for Dungeness. At
10am had the convicts with their wet things on deck, fire in
the airing stove in prison, and had the prison well dried.
They sailed by the Eastern passage, keeping very near the African
shore, and in consequence had very long and constant calms near the
line, and very warm weather. The death of one of the convicts at
this time caused Evan Evans great worry that fever would spread
throughout the vessel and he ensured that the decks were frequently
fumigated with nitrous acid.
They put into Rio de Janeiro where they stayed for six days. The
convicts were all very well behaved and all of them were taken out
of irons a few days after departing Portsmouth and kept out of irons
the whole of the voyage, with the exception of four days that the
ship was at Rio De Janiero.
The boys and men who could not
read attended school daily. Evan Evans commented that the utmost
harmony prevailed between himself and Brevet-Lieutenant Colonel
Cameron and Captain Weatherhead.
arrived in Van Diemen's Land on 20th May 1822 with 182 male
convicts, two having died on the voyage.
The convicts were
landed on the morning of Saturday 25th May 1822 and after being
inspected by the Lieutenant Governor, were assigned to their
employments - nearly all being appropriated to the service of the
settlers. They were said to have arrived in a very healthy and
Phoenix departed Hobart for Sydney 2nd June having on board
Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel Cameron and Ensign Pigot of the 3rd
Regiment with a detachment of the same regiment and Surgeon Evan
One prisoner of the Crown to be tried at the Criminal
Court was conveyed to Sydney on the Phoenix as well as several
witnesses in the case.
Notes & Links:
The Phoenix 1 transported convicts to New South Wales in
Convicts and passengers of the Phoenix identified in the Hunter
3). Convict ships bringing detachments
of the 3rd regiment included the
and Phoenix (VDL)
4). Michael Downing,
one of the men convicted of High Treason in Yorkshire in 1820
in a movement known as the Yorkshire Rebellion was transported to
VDL on the Phoenix. The other eleven men convicted with him were
sent on the Lady Ridley
6). Trial of the Yorkshire Rebels....