Free Settler or Felon

Search the Free Settler or Felon Database

Convict Ship Roslin Castle 1834 


Share the story of your ancestor's life

Send an email to contribute your ancestor's story to this page

(Convicts and passengers from this ship only)

Home Surgeons Convict Ship Conditions
Ship IndexBy Year Captains Index Resources

Select from the Links below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850

J -K L M N - O P - Q R S T - V W - Y

Embarked: 230 men
Voyage:111 days
Deaths: 3
Surgeon's Journal:
Tons: 450
Previous vessel: Surry arrived 17 August 1834
Next vessel: Andromeda arrived 17 September 1834
Master William Richards.
Surgeon Superintendent Robert Espie

The Roslin Castle was built at Bristol in 1819. Convicts were transported to Australia on the Roslin Castle in 1828 (VDL), 1830, 1833, 1834 and 1836.

Prisoners transported on the Roslin Castle on this voyage came from counties throughout England. - Essex, Nottinghamshire, London, Staffordshire, Chelsea, Worcestershire, Wiltshire, Kent.

The Roslin Castle departed London on 27th May 1834. This was surgeon Robert Espie's seventh voyage on a convict ship. He kept a Medical Journal from 17 May 1834 to 25 September 1834..........

There were only seven cases which he considered serious. Three of these men died on the voyage out. -
1) James Bond age 19 who had concealed his illness on embarkation because he was eager to go. In the confusion of getting all the convicts on board, it was a day and a half before Robert Espie knew anything of his illness. He died while the ship was still at Sheerness
2) Edward Gale age 29 died of a ruptured blood vessel. He was already ill when embarked
3) George Turner aged 69  caught a chill after leaving the Cape of Good Hope and despite treatment and nourishment, never recovered. The surgeon considered him a very healthy old man and thought he would have recovered had the ship not been so cold and wet for so long. He did not believe that a Surgeon Superintendent should have the power to refuse a man solely on account of his age but he thought it would be prudent to send all the younger ones first.

Robert Espie was one of the most experienced convict ship Surgeons. He thought that novice surgeons in charge of convicts almost always fell into the trap of keeping the convicts in irons, and not allowing them free access to the deck, for 'apprehension lest the convicts rise and cut his throat'. He thought this had a dispiriting effect and, combined with the lack of fresh air and exercise, gave rise to many ailments which did not occur when the convicts were free of their irons and allowed on deck.

In his seven previous voyages in charge of convicts, Robert Espie had never before encountered sea scurvy. On this voyage there were at least 20 cases during the very damp and blowy weather after passing the Cape of good Hope.

Passengers included Lieut. J.B. Dalway, 2nd of Queen's Own Regiment; Andrew Du Moulin, Esq., surgeon, 50th regiment; Mrs. Du Moulin and 11 children; 29 rank and file of 50th regt., 7 women and 14 children. Lieutenant Dalway departed the colony for Madras in January 1835.
The Roslin Castle arrived in Port Jackson on 15 September 1834. Two hundred and eighteen prisoners were mustered on board on 19th September 1834. (Five were sick on shore; four sick on board; three died on the passage out).  William Barrett died in the General Hospital Sydney on the day of arrival, 15th September.
Arrival of the Convict Ship Roslin Castle 1834. Sydney Monitor 17 September 1834
The convict indents give information including name, age, education, marital status, family, religion, native place, offence, date and place of trial, trade or calling, sentence, former convictions, physical description and occasional information regarding place and dates of deaths, colonial crimes. There is no information as to where and to whom the prisoners were assigned on arrival.  

Notes & Links:

1). Robert Espie was employed as Surgeon-Superintendent on the convict ships Morley in 1817,  Shipley in 1818, Dorothy in 1820, Lord Sidmouth in 1823, Lady Rowena in 1826,  Mary in 1830(VDL) Roslin Castle in 1834 and the Elizabeth in 1836.

2). Detachments of the 50th Regiment arrived on the Surry, Forth, Bengal Merchant Hooghley, Susan, Blenheim, Royal Admiral, Lady Nugent, Parmelia, Hive, James Laing, Captain Cook, Hero, Roslin Castle, Henry Porcher, Henry Tanner and Lady Kennaway.  

3). Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Roslin Castle in 1834

4). James Crady alias John Jones, 31, Native place Devonshire, shipwright. Originally he transported on the Mary in 1833. He returned to England illegally and was re-transported on this voyage of the Roslin Castle. He escaped from the colony again and was returned by the Eden in 1840.

5). Convict James Franklin was being transported for the second time, having been first sent on the Fame in 1817

6). The indents state that Edmund Campbell Brewer was a  school-master, married father of 5, convicted of forgery at Worcester.....The following reports tell a different story.....


Edmund Campbell Brewer was sent to Port Macquarie on arrival. His wife Anne gave birth to their son Robert Henry there in December 1835. Another three children were born at Port Macquarie. Ann was Matron at the Port Macquarie hospital in 1840. Edmund Campbell Brewer died at Balmoral Cottage, Burwood N.S.W. in 1891 aged 93


web counter