The Royal Admiral
carried 24 guns and a crew of 70 men. She was built in
London in 1777 and owned by Gabriel Gillet and William
Wilson. She was the next convict ship to leave England for
New South Wales after the departure of the
Speedy in November 1799.
There were several
Scottish prisoners on the Royal Admiral......
George Mealmaker. Age 31. Tried at
Edinburgh Court Of Justiciary 12 January 1798 and sentenced
to 14 years transportation. He left behind in Scotland a
wife and family. George Mealmaker later supervised weaving
Female Factory at Parramatta ......
on the text to read the full trial.
Leinster Journal of 24th July 1799 reported that on the
previous "Saturday morning all the convicts in Edinburgh
gaol under sentence of transportation were sent off to
embark at Leith for Botany Bay. Among the number were George
Mealmaker, who was found guilty respecting the society of
United Scotsmen and Kirby who was convicted of swindling. "
Scottish prisoners sent from Leith to England to
embark on the Royal Admiral included:
Kellock age 27. Tried Perth Court of Justiciary 11
April 1796 . The Circuit Court of Justiciary was opened at
Perth by the Right Honourable Lord Justice Clerk and Lord
Craig. Andrew Kellock, journeyman weaver, was found guilty,
upon his own confession of stealing a number of webs of
cloth from the warehouse of Andrew Melville manufacturer in
Kennoway at several times. He was sentenced to
transportation for life, under the pain of death in case of
his return. James Louden keeper of the tollbooth of Cupar of
Fife and Janet Taylor his wife were indicted for allowing
Andrew Kellock to escape from prison. -
The Edinburgh Magazine
age 40. Tried at Aberdeen Court of Justiciary on
16th April 1796 and sentenced to transportation for
life.........The Circuit Court was opened at Aberdeen by the
Right Hon. Lord Justice Clerk and Lord Craig, and proceeded
to the trial of James Grant and James Graham, who were
accused of breaking into the shop of John Lyall in Dim head
of Fordown, upon the night between the 4th and 5th January
last, and stealing a quantity of yarn and other goods
therefrom. They were both found guilty upon their own
confession. Grant was sentenced to transportation for life.
And Graham, who is a young man, was banished from Scotland
for fourteen years..
The Scot's Magazine
alias Garden alias Gardnor. Age 23. Tried Perth Court of
Justiciary 22 September 1798 and sentenced to 14 years
Timothy Hurley age 30. Patrick
Hurley age 26. Tried Edinburgh Court of Justiciary
13 April 1799 Timothy and Patrick Hurley were accused of
uttering counterfeit coin, knowing it to be so. The Advocate
Depute consented to restrict the libel to an arbitrary
punishment. The libel being found proven, the prisoners were
sentenced to be whipped through the streets of Ayr on the
36th inst, and to be transported for seven years. ..Edinburgh
William Butler. Age
20. Tried Edinburgh Court of Justiciary 28 May 1799 and
sentenced to 14years transportation.
...Click on the text to read the full trial.
The Royal Admiral arrived in Portsmouth to embark
the prisoners on 20 April 1800. The London Times
reported that 90 prisoners were put on a lighter at
to be taken to the vessel. (1)
The Guard consisted
of soldiers of the New South Wales Corps including Ensign
Also on board were two French vignerons, prisoners of war
Antoine Landrien and Francois de Riveau.
More about Francois de Riveau
The Royal Admiral departed England on 28 May 1800. (3) The vessel reached Rio de Janeiro on 12 August and
arrived in Port Jackson on 20 November 1800 with 257 male
Gaol fever had raged and 43 of the prisoners died on the
voyage as well as the surgeon Samuel Turner, four seamen, a
convict's wife and a convict's child.
King wrote of the Royal Admiral in a despatch to
the Transport Commissioners....
The deficiency of
convicts Mr. Wilson accounts for by their having died of a
fever, I cannot but in Justice to Mr. Wilson, observe that
the appearance of the rest (altho' still in a very weak and
crippled state) sufficiently testifies the great attention
he must have paid to prevent any further mortality among
them His conduct here has been extremely proper and
conformable to the tenor of his Charter party. The cargo was
all delivered before the allowed time expired. (2)
The Royal Admiral also brought stores including
1600 blankets, 800 hammocks, 800 coverlids, 200 round
towels, 100 irons pots, 100 frying pans and 30 bellows as
well as other goods.
James Wilshire of the Commissary
department came as a passenger. He kept a Journal on the
voyage part of which has survived and may be found at the
State Library of New South Wales.
begins with the embarkation on 5th May and ends on 16th July
when the ship was near the Equator.
missionaries came on the
Royal Admiral including John Davies, James
Hayward, Samuel Tessier, Charles Wilson, John Youl and James
Rev. John Youl and Rev. James Elder wrote
letters letters to the Missionary Society giving details of
Other Convicts transported on the Royal Admiral
included Printer George Howe; notorious fence
Joshua Palmer; the colony's first coal miner
had been tried in Lancaster in 1798;
Thomas Shirley who was drowned in the Hunter River in
1808 while attempting to rescue the vessel Halcyon
in a gale; John Cheeseman was reported to have arrived on
the Royal Admiral, he was executed for cattle theft
in 1808.(5) He was unable to walk to the gallows as he was a
cripple having been injured many years before in an escape
attempt from Canterbury prison. (4)
Royal Admiral departed Port Jackson bound for China in
Notes and Links:
More about the Royal Admiral at History of Missions etc
Select here to see an image from the British Library
collection - Convicts making their way near Blackfriars
bridge in order for their being conveyed to Woolwich. Image
taken from: The Malefactor's Register; or, the Newgate and
Tyburn calendar London : Alexander Hogg, 1779.
National Archives UK - Voyages: (1) 1799/1800 New South
Wales and China. Capt William Wilson. Portsmouth 23 May 1800
- 12 Aug Rio de Janeiro - 21 Nov Sydney 30 Mar 1801 - 21 Apr
Barrier Islands 17 Jun - 10 Jul Tahiti 2 Aug - 23 Oct
Whampoa - 22 Dec Second Bar - 30 Mar 1802 Cape - 30 Apr St
Helena - 2 Jul Downs.
5). - Captain Wilson.....
Convicts, military and passengers arriving on the Royal
Admiral in 1800
Find out more about Landrien and Riveau in HRA and
Australian Dictionary of Biography Online...
Edward Redmond married a widow, Winifred Duriault,
née Dowling, on 15 October 1811. She had been convicted,
with her sister Eliza, in County Kildare in 1801 and,
sentenced to transportation for life, had arrived in the
Atlas in July 1802, and in September had married François
Duriault (de Riveau). He was a
French vigneron who, together with Antoine Landrien, a
fellow prisoner of war, had been sent out by the British
government in 1801 to teach vine-growing to the colonists.
In March 1804 Duriault was sent back to England because his
work was unsatisfactory and Governor Philip Gidley King
suspected that he was implicated in the convict uprising at
Castle Hill, but his wife remained in New South Wales with
an infant son, who became known as John Redmond.
Irish Central Online
Five vessels arrived in New South Wales with
convicts in 1800 -
and Royal Admiral..
9). Convicts of the Royal Admiral sent to Hunter Valley.......
|John Spittle/ Spital
1) "Yesterday morning ninety
Convicts were put on board a lighter at Blackfriar's Bridge, on their
way." Times [London, England] 2 Apr. 1800: 3. The Times Digital
Archive. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.
HRA., Series 1, Vol. III, p 82
HR NSW, p. 787
(4) "News in Brief." Times [London, England] 7
Oct. 1809: 3. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 10 Mar. 2013.
Sydney Gazette 5 September 1808