was built in Whitby in 1805. This was the last of four voyages
bringing convicts to New South Wales, the others being in
was a detachment of the 3rd Regiment (or Buffs) under Lieutenant
Robert Stirling. They had been quartered at Mullingar for about ten
months when they received orders to proceed to Chatham via
Liverpool. The first division marched on Monday 10th September 1821.
(1) Lieutenant Robert Stirling
accompanied John Oxley on his expedition to
Moreton Bay in 1823. He was a
brother of Lieut-Governor James Stirling. Other ships bringing
detachments of the 3rd regiment included the
The Shipley was the next convict ship to leave England
for New South Wales after the departure of the
Mary in September 1821.
The Shipley departed London on 7 November 1821 and came
direct, not touching anywhere. This was Captain Moncreif's third and
George Shaw Rutherford's second voyage to the colonies.
George Rutherford kept a Medical Journal from 4 October 1821 to 14
March 1822. He recorded in his journal that diarrhoea began soon
after the convicts embarked and continued more or less troublesome
throughout the entire voyage, although extreme attention was paid to
cleanliness and ventilation and every care taken to keep the prison
dry and comfortable, seventy seven men were affected. The one
fatality on the voyage suffered this malady, - Joseph Farnsworth
died on the 19 January.
Severe weather was experienced soon
after clearing the Channel and some convicts continued to suffer the
effects the entire voyage, probably with catarrh, rheumatism and
pneumonia. Scurvy appeared as the ship entered southern waters, and
George Rutherford prescribed lemon juice as treatment. One prisoner
William Jarvis, was recorded as suffering sun stroke in December.
The Shipley arrived in
Port Jackson on 11 March 1822 .
On Thursday morning
14th March the prisoners were landed and together with 300 prisoners
inspected by Governor Brisbane who expressed his satisfaction on the
healthy and clean state of the convicts.
Select here to find out more about the disembarkation of
under Captain Moncreif sailed for London in September 1822. First
Officer Mr. Haggarty, Second Officer Mr. Toozo
Rutherford returned to England on the Shipley. Other
Passengers on the return voyage included
Dr. Evans and
Dr. Hall; merchant Mr.
Joseph Lycett and his two
daughters Mary Ann and Hannah; Alexander Tomsey; Mr. Green; and Mr.
& Mrs. Payne; Mrs. Craig and child; Messrs Palmers, junior; Master
Hall; Mr. Owen; Captain Parry Yeale and wife and Lieutenants
Campbell and Gordon of the 48th regiment.
1). In 1831,
George Shaw Rutherford gave evidence before a Select Committee which
was appointed to inquire into the best mode of giving efficiency to
Secondary Punishments and to report their Observations to the House.
Select here to read
the evidence he gave
2). George Rutherford was also surgeon
on the convict ships
Prince of Orange
in 1821, Commodore Hayes in 1823 (VDL),
Hastings in 1826,
in 1830 and the
(to Norfolk Island)
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Shipley in
4). Convicts mentioned in the Surgeon's
Thomas Williams, aged 16, prisoner; disease or hurt,
fever. Taken ill, 24 October 1821 at Woolwich. Discharged 6 December
Isaac McArdle, aged 30, prisoner; disease or hurt,
catarrh. Taken ill, 24 October 1821 at Woolwich. 30 October 1821
considerably relieved by medicines.
Edward Stones, aged 20,
prisoner; disease or hurt, catarrh. Taken ill, 24 October 1821 at
Woolwich. 29 October 1821, much better.
James Curtis, aged
18, prisoner; disease or hurt, diarrhoea. Taken ill, 25 October 1821
at Woolwich. Discharged 3 November 1821.
aged 20, prisoner; disease or hurt, diarrhoea. Taken ill, 25 October
1821 at Woolwich. Discharged 2 November 1821.
aged 30, soldier; disease or hurt, rheumatism. Taken ill, 28 October
1821 at Woolwich. 12 November 1821, strength improves daily.
George Taylor, aged 28, prisoner; disease or hurt, dysentery.
Taken ill, 8 November 1821 at sea. Discharged 16 December 1821.
William Jarvis, aged 20, prisoner; disease or hurt, diarrhoea.
Taken ill, 19 November 1821 at sea. Discharged 30 November 1821.
Charles J Jones, aged 34, prisoner; disease or hurt, rheumatism.
Taken ill, 23 November 1821 at sea. Discharged 2 December 1821.
Thomas Ledbeater, aged 41, prisoner, had previously been a
soldier for several years in the East Indies; disease or hurt,
hepatitis. Taken ill, 16 November 1821 at sea. Discharged 3 January
1822 as a convalescent.
William Jarvis, aged 20, prisoner;
disease or hurt, coup de soleil, sun stroke. Taken ill, 11 December
1821 at sea. Discharged 7 January 1822 as a convalescent.
Edward Rook, aged 23, prisoner; disease or hurt, dysentery. Taken
ill, 10 December 1821 at sea. 18 January 1822, general strength
John Haynes, aged 18, prisoner; disease or hurt,
abscess (swelling and pain in the breast). Taken ill, 24 December
1821 at sea. Discharged 6 January 1822.
James Campbell, aged
21, prisoner; disease or hurt, hepatitis. Taken ill, 4 January 1822
at sea. Discharged 20 January 1822.
Benjamin Edward Turner,
aged 23, prisoner; disease or hurt, pneumonia. Taken ill, 4 January
1822 at sea. Discharged 15 January 1822.
aged 49, prisoner; disease or hurt, diarrhoea senalis. Taken ill, 17
January 1822 at sea. Died 19 January 1822.
aged 24, soldier; disease or hurt, pneumonia. Taken ill, 21 January
1822 at sea. Discharged 2 February 1822 to duty.
Wilson, aged 25, soldier; disease or hurt, dysentery. Taken ill, 30
January 1822 at sea. Discharged 8 February 1822 to duty.
Thomas Carter, aged 24, soldier; disease or hurt, rheumatism. Taken
ill, 17 February 1822 at sea. Discharged 25 February 1822 to duty. F
Morning Chronicle 15th
2. Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian
History (1983). The convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed).
Library of Australian History, Sydney : pp.344-345, 384
3. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical
Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line].
Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations,
Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and
predecessors: Office of the Director General
of the Medical Department of the Navy and
predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804
bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and
Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the
Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines,
Coastguard, and related bodies. The National
Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.
National Archives - Reference: ADM 101/67/4 Description:
Medical journal of the Shipley convict ship from 4 October 1821 to
14 March 1822 by G S Rutherford, surgeon and superintendent.