Free Settler or Felon?

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Information about the voyages of approximately 550 convict ships and the Surgeons who accompanied them can be accessed via the
Convict Ships Index and Convict Ship Surgeons Index.

Links to information about Hunter Valley Free Settlers and Land Owners can be found in the Hunter Valley Settler Index

Account of the Voyage of the Buffalo returning to England with former Governor John Hunter in 1800. Also on board the Buffalo was a platypus, a waratah and stones from the Coal River (Hunter River).

Adamstown - A brief history - School principals 1877 - 1974 - school photographs - Methodist Primitive church - Ellis Cup winners - Rosebuds

A List of Newcastle residents in 1841 - Population Census of the streets of Newcastle

A New Song - Botany Bay Published in 1786
Allan Cunningham - Botanist & Explorer - born on 13 July 1791 at Wimbledon, Surrey, England

Apothecaries in Maitland in the 1840's - William Lipscomb, Charles Vavasour Earle, William Mutlow and William Townley Pinhey

Arthur Phillip - First Governor of New South Wales

Australian Agricultural Company - Established as a land development company with the assistance of the British Parliament's Crown Grant of 1,000,000 acres in 1824

A Visit to my daughter & a Trip to the last days races - Dr. Thomas Parmeter 1835 of de Quirosville

Bells - Our ancestor's lives were ruled by Bells

Beyond the Sea Brian Ahearn, descendant of convict Murtagh Ahern, is author of ‘Beyond the Sea’ the life and times of Murtagh Ahern and the log of the convict ship ‘Atlas’  -Selected extracts from Journey into Hell Chapter 11 of 'Beyond the Sea'

Bold Jack Donohue - Australia's famous Bushranger

Botany Bay Hero - Michael Kean's experiences as a convict

Bushranger Index

Captain Patrick Logan's Journal - Captain Logan was Commandant at Moreton Bay in 1826

Charles Picknell's on board diary on the convict ship Kains in 1831

Claims to Leases of Crown Lands Beyond the Settled District - New England 1848

Coal Miners in Newcastle 1858  - Transactions of the North of England Institute of Mining Engineers Vol VI, 1858 ,'On the Coalfield of New South Wales' by Henry T. Plews

Colonial Appointments

Colonial History

Colonial Events 1788 - 1844 - month by month Colonial Medical Practitioners - Newcastle & Hunter Valley

Colonial Military Officers who served or settled in Newcastle and the Hunter Valley

Convict Assignment and Punishment at Newcastle - Government Orders 1813

Convict History

Convict Ship Canton in 1840 - Extract from Notes of an Exile to Van Dieman’s Land etc., by Linus Wilson Miller

Convict Ship Buffalo bringing French-Canadian Patriots to New South Wales in 1840

Convict Ships by Year 1788 - 1852

Convicts Ships to New South Wales 1835

Convict Ship Captains

Convict Ship Surgeon Superintendents

Cottage Creek - Bridge, Cemetery, Cottage (Newcastle)

County Electors - Newcastle 1855

Currency Lads and Lasses - Two Years in New South Wales: A Series of Letters, Comprising Sketches  By Peter Miller Cunningham

Discovery of Lake Macquarie in 1800 - known as Reid's Mistake

Early Bushrangers - 1800 - 1820 - Newcastle & Hunter Valley

Early Convict Coal Miners - Newcastle - 1801

Early Days in Port Stephens

Early Harbour Masters - Newcastle

Edmund Lockyer's Expedition to Brisbane River 1825

Edward Denny Day - Police Magistrate at Maitland

Ellen Bundock's Memoir - Sydney - Newcastle - Merton

Emigrants from England, Ireland and Scotland to Hunter Valley 1830s & 1840s

Eraring History - Lake Macquarie

Executions in Newcastle and the Hunter Valley

Expedition to the Hunter River - Lady Nelson 1801

Extracts from the Recollections of Rev. Richard George Boodle

Extracts from various Female Convict Ship pages relating to female convicts before, during and after transportation

Female Convicts - Links to Convict Ships transporting female prisoners to NSW

Female Factory at Parramatta

Female Factory at Newcastle - Attached to Newcastle Gaol

First Fleet 1788 - Vessels of the First Fleet - Charlotte, Friendship, Prince of Wales

Follow the Female Convict Ship Trail - Beginning with the Charlotte in 1788

Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail - The Queen was the first convict ship bringing convicts to NSW

Frank the Poet  - Francis Macnamara arrived on the Convict Ship Eliza in 1832

Friedrich Gerstäcker - Traveller

George Wyndham's Diary - Transcription of the first two years of the diary of settler George Wyndham

Governor Macquarie's Tour of Newcastle Settlement in 1812

History News Feeds

Hunter Valley History

Hunter Valley Medical Practitioners

Hunter Valley Place Names

Hunter River Steamers

Huntington's History of Newcastle

Indigenous Notes and Links

Indigenous Names & Events

Inns & Hotels Index

Islands in the lower Hunter River included Moscheto Island, Dempsey Island, Spit Island, Spectacle Island, Bullock Island and Ash Island

James Hardy Vaux at Newcastle - 1811 - Author of Australia's first dictionary

James Henry Crummer - Police Magistrate at Newcastle

James St. John Ranclaud

John Bingle's Excursion to Lake Macquarie in 1822

John Standfield - Tolpuddle Martyr

Joseph Lycett - Convict Artist sent to Newcastle in 1815

Journal of Rev. Christopher Eipper - Missionary at Moreton Bay & Presbyterian Minister at Paterson NSW

Lake Macquarie History

Latest History and Genealogy News + Museums, Science, Technology, Environment, Health & Lifestyle

Law & Order - Police Force in the Hunter Valley prior to 1862

Lieutenant Purcell and Coal River (Newcastle) - Colonial Events 1810

Lime Burners Gang at Newcastle 1810 - 1820

Links to Biographies from Memoirs of Hydrography

Maitland History

Maitland Gaol - Foundation stone laid in 1844

Maitland Hospital - Foundation stone laid in 1846

Map Links - Links to some of the Hunter, Paterson and Williams River - Maps listed in the Catalogue at the National Library of Australia.

Mary Bryant - Escape from the colony in 1791

Men of the Time is part 1 of the Australian Dictionary of Dates and Men of the Time. It is a listing of biographies of men of note with connections to Australia, providing details such as full name, date and place of birth and history of their occupations. Index to Men of the Time

Moreton Bay 1824

Morpeth Links

Murrurundi History Links

Muswellbrook History Links

Newcastle History

Newcastle Gaol

Newcastle Through the Years

Newcastle in 1822

Norah Head

Patrick Bruin - Bushranger near Maitland in 1843

Patrick Cody arrived with his convict mother Ellen Cody on the convict ship Canada in 1817. He became a pioneer of Gippsland and died a very wealthy man. Read his story written by researcher Sue Kennedy HERE

Phillip Gidley King - Third Governor of New South Wales


Placenames in Newcastle, Lake Macquarie and Hunter Valley

Political Prisoners to NSW

Probable Usefulness - An account of the Connor Family from Ireland to Australia by Sister Rita King

Publicans in Newcastle 1828

Raymond Terrace Links

Recollections of Rev. Boodle - Muswellbrook

Reminiscences of Maitland

Reminiscences of Watt Street, Newcastle

Reminiscences of Aboriginal tribes near Paterson

Report of the Commissioner of the Inquiry on the State of the Colony of New South Wales {Extracts Relating to Transportation, Disembarkation & Servitude}

Rev Edward Griffith - Two Chapters from 'Memorials of Rev. Edward Griffith' written by his daughter Mary

Rev. Lancelot Thelkeld - Missionary at Lake Macquarie

Rev. Charles Pleydell Neale Wilton - Newcastle - Timeline and Notes

Robert Dixon - - Surveyor

Robert Lorn Pattison

Rockhampton South Cemetery History

Samuel Gatward - Get caught stealing and see the world!Select here to read about Samuel Gatward written by descendant Terry Gatward. Samuel Gatward was born at Luton Bedfordshire in 1800. He was transported twice - the first time to Bermuda and the second to New South Wales on the Maitland. He was last heard of in the Cassilis district (Contact  descendant Terry Gatward)

Sarah Morris - from mother to convict to publican - By descendant Janelle Collins. Sarah Morris arrived on the Princess Charlotte in 1827

Scourgers - New South Wales

Sea Bathing at Newcastle

Sea Grave Yard & Early Harbour Masters at Newcastle

Signal Staff at Newcastle 1858

Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell's Expedition in November 1831

Stockton Links

Surgery & use of Ether in Port Stephens - 1840's

Tamworth History Links

The Blind Traveller

Third Fleet 1791

United States Exploring Expedition to Lake Macquarie in 1839

Walter Preston - Convict Engraver

William Grant Broughton's & ship board diary on the convict ship John in 1829

William Harrison Craig - Convict Artist

Wollombi History Links

19th Century Medical Terms