arrived on the Recovery as a soldier of the New South
The Recovery left Rio at the beginning of
May in company with the Lady Sinclair, however parted
soon afterwards in a gale of wind. The Sydney Gazette
reported that the Recovery arrived off Sydney Heads on
Saturday 23rd July 1808 with 119 troops of the New
South Wales Corps. Captain Cummings of the NSW Corps
landed that same evening with the Naval Officers. The
troops were reported to be in good health and spirits.
Garrett Armstrong was court-martialled for desertion
in June 1809........
At a General Court Martial held
at Sydney on 16th June, of which Major Abbott of the
New South Wales Corps was President, was tried Garrett
Armstrong, Private Soldier in His majesty's New South
Wales corps charged with having deserted from the said
Corps, and not having returned until brought back by a
Party; of which charge he was found Guilty and
sentenced to be transported as a Felon, and to serve
as a convict in NSW or its dependences during the Term
of his natural Life
In January 1810 he was released
from Sydney Gaol on the occasion of Lachlan Macquarie
taking over as Governor.
In June 1810 Garrett
Armstrong was found guilty of forgery and received a
sentence of death which was commuted. In November 1810
he absconded from the gaol gang in Sydney and the
following March he absconded from Lane Cove after
receiving and selling eight men's rations from the
He was sent to
Newcastle on the Lady
Nelson in June 1811 just one month after the notorious
James Hardy Vaux.
Other prisoners transported
to Newcastle on the Lady Nelson on the same day as
Garrett Armstrong included
Chapple and three
women who were wives of soldiers of the 73rd who were
being sent to Newcastle as punishment for poor
By September 1811 Garrett Armstrong had
absconded from Newcastle, this time with two notorious
bolters John McCabe and
John Fitzgerald. They were
believed to be lurking about the lower Hawkesbury
region and inhabitants were cautioned against harbouring or employing them on pain of prosecution.
They were apprehended and sent back to Newcastle.
Garrett Armstrong absconded again on 20th November
1812 with James Camm and
William Harrison Craig. They
were captured and punished with 25 lashes each. Lieutenant Skottowe was Commandant at the settlement
at this time.
Lieutenant Thomas Thompson was
Commandant when Garrett Armstrong absconded from
Newcastle in March 1814. Armstrong was captured and
sent back a week later.
In 1819, still a prisoner, he
was sent to Van Diemen's Land on the Prince Leopold to
work in public service. He was granted a Ticket of
Leave in Hobart in 1835.
died on 1st February 1836 at Launceston, Tasmania.
(1) Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Colonial
Secretary's Papers, 1788-1825 (1) Series: (NRS 936)
Copies of letters sent to Van Diemenīs Land, Newcastle
and Norfolk Island, 1810-1813 Item: 4/3492 Page: 29