Dr. Henry John Lindeman married Eliza Harriet Bramhall
on 11 February 1840 at Southampton.
England shortly afterwards on the barque Theresa
arriving in Sydney on 18th August 1840. On arrival in
Australia the Lindemans settled at Gresford on the Allyn
River where Dr. Lindeman established a medical practice.
In 1842 he purchased land from
George Townshend of
Trevallyn who had been forced to sell due to the drought and
depression. The estate was named Caewarra.
were few improvements on the land and by this time the
number of Aboriginal people in the district had declined.
Many years later a correspondent to the Maitland Mercury
described one of the remaining aborigines of the area known
King George of Cawarra.
A slab cottage was
built for the growing Lindeman family and a vineyard on the
north western side of the Paterson River was established. In
1850 he gave the following report to the Hunter River
Vineyard Association -
Caewarra Wines - The red
wine is made from the Cyras grape, of the vintage 1849,
fermented in open vats then casked; it has been racked four
times, and the sample has been take from a cask for the
present occasion. The soil of the vineyard is a mixture of
river sand and vegetable mould, subject to be occasionally
flooded; the pruning is the spur method as adopted in France
the age of the vines three and four years. The white wine is
from the Rousette grape, grown in exactly the same soil, and
subjected to the same treatment, as the red wine, with the
exception that no skins were fermented with the must, H.J.
Henry John Lindeman died 26 May
óDr. Lindeman, of Cawarra, Gresford,
died on the 26th May, in his seventieth year. The memory of
the deceased will be cherished by many friends on personal
grounds ; but it has also a special claim on public respect.
Dr. Lindeman was one of the pioneers of our wine-making
enterprise, and took a chief part in winning for the
vintages of the Hunter valley a reputation extending beyond
the boundaries of the colony, and indeed of Australia
itself. As far back as 1867 his wines gained an award of
merit from the judges at the Paris Exposition, an authority
beyond dispute. But long before that he had, as a leading
member of the Hunter River Vineyard Association, been one of
a knot of enthusiastic vignerons whose determination it was
to aim at the highest standard of purity and excellence
rather than to seek immediate profit by pandering to
corrupted tastes, and whose intercourse and emulation un-
questionably led to good results. Of these,
Mr. King, of Irrawang,
Mr. Windeyer, of Kinross, Dr. Carmichael, of Porphyry,
passed away some years ago. (Sydney Morning Herald 3
Notes & Links:
Station Life - State Library of New South Wales
2). Henry Lindeman's daughter Matilda married James Kelman,
3). Interactive Map below. Click on
settler names to find out more.
Index to Settlers