| Index to Settlers & Estates | Early Settler Introduction
Hunter Valley Settlers
James, Samuel, George,
Barbara & John Adair
Map1 | Map 2 | Map 3 |
Map 4 | Map 5 |
Map 6 | Map 7 | Map 8 | Map 9 | Map 10
George Adair arrived on the
Nassau in 1825 and was granted 1600 acres on 20 June 1825. His
convict servants in 1826 included
James Bradley who had
arrived on the Ann &
Andrew Hopkins who arrived on the John Barry,
Henry Thomas who arrived on the Asia and
James Coleman on the
Earl St. Vincent.
George Adair drowned in 1827 age 25 - the
Monitor reported the tragedy:
consisting of Captain Todd, of the Brig Magnet, two gentlemen named
Adair, Mr. Burke and Mr. Brown, with two seamen, were sailing off
Garden Island, on Sunday in the Brig's jolly boat, a sudden gust of
wind upset the boat, and Mr. Adair, sen., a resident in the Colony
for two years was unhappily drowned. Prompt exertions fortunately
saved the other gentlemen. They had supported themselves in the
water, sometimes by the oars, sometimes by the boats till they were
rescued from their perilous situation. The sailors swam ashore but
none of the rest of the party could swim.
estate of 1600 acres (named Cardoness) was later claimed by his
brother James Adair.
James Adair arrived on the Magnet in 1827. He was
granted 1280 acres of land in 1827 which adjoined Cardoness.
Assigned to James Adair were the following convicts:
Benstead per Midas.
1828 Alexander Cameron per Agamemnon.
1832 William Parker a stonemason who arrived on the
Charles Williams a shoemaker who arrived on the
Raphael Gabey, a tobacconist who arrived on the
Camden in 1833 and Peter
Parkinson, a blacksmith who also arrived on the
Camden in 1833
James Adair was Secretary of Stock Protection Society in 1834 and in
1836 was on the Committee to raise funds for a Church at Paterson.
Other members on the Church committee were
Lieut. Frederick Bedwell, George
Rev. G.K. Rusden, James Phillips,
suffered in the financial depression of the 1840's. He remained in
the district and in 1846 lost an appeal against a conviction for a
breach of the Licensing Act: This was an appeal against a conviction
by the Bench of Magistrates at Paterson, for selling spirituous
liquors in less quantity than two gallons without being licensed
thereto according to law.
'Patrick Burke was called who
stated that he was in Mr. Adair's service for thirteen weeks and
four days in the early part of the present year; that on the 17th
March last he got a gallon of wine and three bottles of brandy from
Mr. Adair; that it was given him by Mr. Adair himself, on his farm,
from the still-house; that the liquor witness got from him in the
bottles was brandy, for he tasted it. Witness afterwards took the
brandy and wine to Mason's house, near Mr. Adair's farm; when there,
he drank part of the three bottles; remained with Mr. Adair till
April and then on leaving him closed accounts with him; the papers
handed in before the Court were those which he received of Mr. Adair
at that time.
Witness, after the settlement, not feeling
satisfied, went to the court house at Paterson where he saw the
chief constable Sullivan who on seeing the papers laid an
information against Mr. Adair. Burke said he asked for brandy, and
he got it - not 'strong stuff'; that a man named Mason was present
when he got it from Mr. Adair; that the brandy was perfectly pure as
it came from the worm, and unmixed; that he drank the brandy in it
Charles Mason was then called, who stated that he
lived about a quarter of a mile from Mr. Adair; that he remembered
seeing Burke on St. Patrick's Day last, about dinner time; that he
brought some liquor there with him, and after wards both witness and
Burke went to Mr. Adair's; and they then got something there' he
must have got something from the state he was in afterwards but he
did not know who was there at the time or who gave it to him.'
The conviction was confirmed with Adair to pay £5 for the
costs being charged as well.
In 1849 an auction took place
at James Adair's Lennoxton. Luncheon was provided. Mr. Dodds the
auctioneer advertised the following items: 50 gallon copper still 1
washing machine 2 cedar presses 1 large cedar vat - 400 gallons 1
winnowing machine 1 Stanhope Gig 10 tons of Lucerne hay 3 acres
growing crop of Lucerne 3 top swarms of bees, A small well selected
library of books Bullocks, cattle and horses
In October 1850
Lennoxton was advertised for sale with immediate possession offered.
Comprising 600 acres of rich arable and pasture land, unsurpassed
for fertility. Lennoxton was situated 6 miles from Paterson
township with a good road and a magnificent fresh water frontage
bounded by the Paterson River for nearly two miles. The land was
said to be sheltered from the southerly winds by Mount Johnson and
from the west and north west winds by Mount George.
Samuel Lennox Adair - Robbed by
bushrangers in 1829
Samuel Adair was granted 640 acres on 29 October 1829 situated
opposite the grant of his brother James Adair. Samuel was assigned
the following convicts, who all arrived on the
Captain Cook in
John Connolly a spadesman,
Samuel Boylan a seaman
Michael Brown a weavers boy all from Dublin and
Cinnamond from County Antrim. Cinnamond could plough and reap.
Samuel Adair and his sister were
robbed by bushrangers in November 1829:
On the night of
the 22nd instant eleven armed men, about eight at night entered the
premises of a very respectable and worthy settler of Patterson's
River, named Mr. Adair, whose misfortunes of late, as well as of
old, must be fresh in the minds of the compassionate - they caused
all the men, the overseer excepted, twenty in number!!! to enter the
kitchen, and placed a man or two at the door to guard them; they
ransacked the house in the most deliberate manner of every thing
they thought worthy of taking, to the amount of £200 worth - they
acted in the most brutal manner to a young female, suffering under
severe indisposition by reason of an unfortunate late shipwreck at
Newcastle; they seized her, struck her, threatened her life, unless
she gave information where money was in the house, until one less
inhuman than the others came and interfered and rescued the
innocent and suffering girl from the hands of the ruffians; they
destroyed all they could, and bore away the rest, and
notwithstanding the number of constables and police in the district,
it is wonderful to say, that not a clue remains hitherto to lead to
their discovery! The place has been visited by Magistrates, by
constables, back and forward the men have been examined on the farm
as to the matter but they have not been punished for their
cowardice, or rather for the tacit consent to the robbery.
Some of the bushrangers were later captured -
John Davis and
Felix Kearney were indicted for the robbery and
Joseph Gassett for being an accessary before and after the fact.
Mary Gassett and Thomas Carroll were indicted for feloniously
receiving portions of the stolen articles.
Christopher Harper, approver gave evidence at the trial.
John Davis and Felix Kearney were acquitted and all the others
found guilty. Joseph Gassett in consideration of his previous good
character was sentenced to work on the roads in irons for 6 months.
Mary Gassett was sentenced to be transported for 7 years and all the
others were sentenced to death.
Felix Kearney was charged
with Joseph Savage of highway robbery and putting in fear
Alexander McBean on 15th November1829 and Kearney was sentenced
to death for that crime. Stephen Toole
was later also implicated in the robbery.
Fisher Betts who
arrived on the Midas, Robert Mallet who arrived on the Bussorah
Merchant and Robert Stinson on the Ferguson were all assigned
servants of James Adair who were rewarded with tickets of leave for
giving information which led to the arrest of the bushrangers.
It may have Barbara Adair
mentioned in the robbery above. Barbara arrived with her brother
Rev. John Adair on the William Young in 1829. She married Lieut.
James Nunn in 1830 at Cardoness. Lieutenant Nunn died at Gorrikpore
of jungle fever in 1832.
It seems that Barbara Adair Nunn
never re-married and died in 1889 in Scotland aged 90. Samuel Adair
died 1852 aged 62.
Rev John Adair
Rev. John Adair arrived with his sister in April 1829. In May
the Sydney Gazette reported: We are sorry to learn that the
Rev. J. Adair, A.. a Presbyterian Minister of the Church of
Scotland, who arrived lately per the William Young, has
suffered very severely in consequence of the wreck of the
Governor Arthur. For having proceeded by that vessel to meet
his brother, a respectable settler at Hunter's river, he lost all
his books, including a copy of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, and all
his other luggage, and escaped very narrowly with his life when
endeavouring to get on board the pilot boat that received the
passengers from the wreck.
John Adair was granted 640 acres
in 1829 in the Upper Williams River district. This land was sold to
John Blackman and later to John Lord