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To be eligible tor  Commission as Medical Inspector or Deputy Medical Inspector of Hospital and Fleets, a Surgeon must have served four years in Her Majesty's Navy as Surgeon on board a Commissioned Ship To qualify an Officer to receive a Commission as Surgeon, he must have been three years employed; an Assistant Surgeon, one year of which, at least, must be on board a Commissioned Ship, and the other two may be served in one of Her Majesty's Naval Hospital; and he shall pass such Elimination as the Admiralty may from time to time direct; but no Surgeon or Assistant Surgeon,  shall retire from his employment without the sanction of the Admiralty, or who shall refuse or avoid service, if found capable of serving, shall be allowed to receive half-pay ; and his name in such case will be removed from the list of Officers of the Royal Navy.

An Assistant-Surgeon shall produce proof of his having served the usual and required Apprenticeship and shall pass such Examination as the Admiralty may from time to time direct; but no Candidate shall be examined before he shall have attained the age of 20 years, nor after the age of 24.

Sir Gilbert Blane. Bart., with the concurrence of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, for the encouragement of Naval Medical Science, and excitement of an emulation that may conduce to the interests of an important branch of the public service, established a Fund in perpetuity, for the purpose of providing the means of conferring a gold medal, once in every two years, on such two Medical Officers whether Surgeons or Assistant-Surgeons acting as Surgeons, as shall produce the most approved journals of their practice, whilst actually serving in Her Majesty's Ships. - THE NEW NAVY LIST AND GENERAL RECORD OF THE SERVICES OF OFFICERS OF THE ROYAL NAVY ... By JOSEPH ALLEN

Uniform worn by Surgeons in the Royal Navy

19th Century Medical Terms


More information can be found about some of the surgeons on the Convict Ships  pages

*Date of Seniority Royal Navy  




Thomas Davie Thomas Davies Thomas Davis
J Davison David Deas Alexander Dewar
James Dickson Robert Dickson John Dobie
Robert Dobie S. Donnelly Samuel Donnelly
William Donnelly James Donnet Anthony Donoghoe
James Donovan Michael Dorke John Drummond
John Duke John Dulhunty Robert Dunn
Thomas Dunn    


Edmonston John Edwards John Elliott
 James Ellis William Elyard  Robert Espie
Evan Evans William Evans William Evans  R.N.,


George Fairfowl Archibald Ferguson John Ferrier
W.S. Fielding Peter Fisher George Ellery Forman
James Forrester George Irwin Fox Campbell France
Charles Henry Fuller Fyffe  


Thomas Galloway John Gannon David Geddes
John Gibson Thomas Gibson  James Gilchrist
H. Goldney Michael Goodsir James A Gordon
Peter Gossam William Graham William Gray
William Gregor     


James Hall John William Hallion Sir John Hamett
James Hamilton J.M. Hamilton William Hamilton 
John S. Hampton John Harris John Haslam
Alexander Henderson Andrew Henderson William Henderson
Edward Hilditch Patrick Hill Joseph Hislop
 John Hogan Joseph Hughes Richard Hughes 
Archibald Hume James Hunter Thomas Hunter


George Imlay John Inches John Isatt
 Charles Inches John Irvine  


Alexander Jack  Jameson Thomas Jamison
Edward Jeffery Thomas Jewell Ebenezer Johnston
James Wingate Johnston John Johnston Philip Jones
William B. Jones William H.B. Jones  


Cornelius Kelly John Kelly Henry Kelsall
Richard Kent Thomas H. Keown Charles F. Keveru
John Kidd Alexander Kilroy Gilbert King
Charles R. Kinnear John Justice Wiliam Knust   


John J. Lancaster Archibald Lang Jason Lardner
James Lawrence Walter Lawrence  Emanuel Lazzaretto
Edward Leah Frederick W. Le Grand  William F. Le Grand
Thomas Leighton Peter Leonard Richard Lewis
William Leyson Charles Linton Francis Logan
Thomas Logan George Longstaff John Love


Samuel Mackay D. Mackenzie Robert Maclean
Alexander C. Macleroy John MacMillan George D. Maclaren
Benjamin McAvoy George McLure Robert McCrea
W. McCrea Thomas Wallis McDonald  William McDonald
William McDowell Alexander McKechnie James McKerrow
Allen McLaren Colin McLaughlin Robert McLean
John McMillan Daniel McNamara James McTernan
Patrick McTernan J.O. McWilliam Parick Magovern 
Henry Mahon Maine Robert Malcolm
William Marshall William Martin Martin Mason
Patrick Martyn  James A Mercer James Mileham
Andrew Millar James Mitchell Andrew Montgomery
John Moodie J. Morgan John Morgan
James Morice Harvey Morris John Mortimer
John Arnold Mould  Jacob Mountgarrett George Todd Moxey
John Munro    


Alexander Neill  J.P. Neibuhr Alexander Nisbett
Alexander Noble Edward Nolloth Isaac Noott
Charles K. Nutt     


Alick Osborne James Osborne John Osborne 


Palmer James Patton John Pawson
William Petrie Obediah Pineo William Porteus
Morgan Price William Price Thomas Prosser


Charles Queade


William Rae John Rankine William Redfern
David Reid Thomas Reid Thomas Ring
David Ritchie  George Roberts J.J.W. Roberts
John Robertson Thomas Robertson John Rodmell
William Rogers  Archibald Ross David Ross
George Rowe Thomas Christie Roylance George Shaw Rutherford
James Rutherford Henry Ryan  


W.M. Saunders Arthur Savage James Scott
Thomas Seaton John Thomas Sharpe Andrew Sinclair 
Samuel Sinclair James Skeoch John Sloan
Andrew Smith Andrew Smith R.N. Charles Smith
James Smith John Smith William Smith
Thomas Sommerville Oliver Sproule John Stephenson
Robert Stephenson Joseph Steret Alexander Stewart 
John Grant Stewart William Stewart Peter Suther 
James Syme John Syme  


Robert Tainsh John Tarn Alexander Taylor 
David Thomas John Thompson David Thomson
George Thomson James Thomson Thomas Thomson
Charles Throsby Philip Toms William Henry Trotman 
Samuel Turner J. Tweeddale   


Caryer Vickery 


Elphinstone Walker Hugh Walker William Waters
A. Watson David Watson William Conborough Watt 
George Hume Weatherhead Major West William West
John While John Whitmarsh George Williams 
John G. Williams Andrew Douglas Wilson James Wilson
John Wilson Thomas Braidwood Wilson Robert Wylie
David Wyse    




Information about Surgeon Superintendents on these pages is adapted from

Charles Bateson's The Convict Ships;

Royal Navy Lists;

Surgeons at Sea  (Online)- National Archives

UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 (Ancestry)

Australian Medical Pioneer Index

U.K. Medical Register 1865

British Medical Directory 1853


Various contemporary newspapers, diaries and journals

1. London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921, (Ancestry)

2. New South Wales, Australia, Colonial Secretary's Papers, 1788-1825. Copies of Letters sent within the Colony (Ancestry)

3. Heritage Branch Website

4. Australian Dictionary of Biography Online

5.  Royal College of Surgeons of England

6. UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857  Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

7. The Standard 5 April 1847 (London)

8. The Standard 22 October 1847 (London)

9. The Standard 23 February 1848 (London)

10. The Standard 7 December 1850 (London)

11. United service magazine

12. British Medical Journal

13. Journal of British and Foreign Medicine

14.  London Metropolitan Archives, Norwood Cemetery, Norwood Road, Lambeth, Transcript of Burials, 1865, DW/T Item, 0926, DW/T/0926. (Ancestry)

15.  London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Saviour, Southwark, Register of marriages, P92/SAV, Item 3051 (Ancestry)

16. 1851 Census  Class: HO107; Piece: 1581; Folio: ; Page: ; GSU roll: 174817. (Ancestry)

17. Medical Press Circular

18. From the LONDON GAZETTE, Friday, May 2." Times [London, England] 3 May 1862: 9. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 23 Jan. 2012.

19. UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line]

20.The Standard 29th November 1828

21.Morning Chronicle 5 January 1829

22. Morning Post 31st December 1828

23. The Standard 26 January 1829

24. The Standard 12 January 1831

25. French frigate Sibylle - Wikipedia

26. The New Navy List 1843

27. The Naval Chronicle

28. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1861-1941 [database on-line].

29. A naval biographical dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive (1849)

30. Glasgow Herald 9th July 1821.

31. Freeman's Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser (Dublin, Ireland), Wednesday, October 20, 1847

32. The Standard 12 July 1847

33. The Examiner 20 October 1811

34. The Morning Chronicle 19 January 1828

35. The Examiner 11 January 1829

36. The Hampshire Telegraph 3 April 1867

37. The Morning Post 25 August 1823

38. The Morning Chronicle 6 July 1822

39. Caledonia Mercury 23 January 1824

40. Hamshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle 11 April 1825

41 The Morning Chronicle 18 October 1841

42 Hampshire Advertiser 26 March 1831

43 The Standard 3 August 1854

44 The Standard 3 August 1854

45. ( England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1861-1941 [database on-line]  

46. Sydney Morning Herald  16 & 24 December 1892

47. British Medical Journal

48. Caledonia Mercury 11 May 1826

49. Hampshire Telegraph 1 November 1830

50. New South Wales, Australia, Colonial Secretary's Papers, 1788-1825 [database on-line]

51. New South Wales, Australia, Departing Crew and Passenger Lists, 1816-1825, 1898-1911 [database on-line]

52. The Morning Post 3 January 1823 UK, Naval Medal and Award Rolls, 1793-1972 [database on-line].

54. London Metropolitan Archives and Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section, Clerkenwell, London, England; Reference Number: DL/C/448; Will Number: 194. - Ancestry

55. Family Search

56 The Standard 2 August 1847

57. Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 1-20, 22

58. Family Search. org

59. Caledonian Mercury 8 July 1824

60. Hampshire Telegraph 29 September 1834

61. Hampshire Telegraph 29 September 1828

62. Hampshire Telegraph 6 October 1834

63. Hampshire Telegraph 6 September 1841

64. The Morning Chronicle 17 September 1849

65. SG 16 October 1838

66. The Australian November 1829

67. Morning Chronicle 16 August 1852

68. Morning Chronicle 30 December 1850

69. Caledonia Mercury 11 August 1814

70. Morning Post 14 May 1838

71. Freeman's Journal and Advertiser 28 September 1843

72. Morning Post 7 May 1841

73. The Morning Post 31 August 1853

74. The Standard 26 July 1855

75. The Standard 14 March 1853

76. SG 31 March 1829

77. The Morning Chronicle 29 January 1819

78. Corn Exchange 5 April 1824

79. The Standard 10 November 1828

80. The Morning Post 15 June 1829

81. Hampshire Telegraph 12 December 1831

82. Hampshire Telegraph 10 August 1835

83.  Class: HO107; Piece 1078; Book: 9; Civil Parish: Croydon; County: Surrey; Enumeration District: 10; Folio: 33; Page: 25; Line: 14; GSU roll: 474665.

84. UK, Naval Medal and Award Rolls, 1793-1972 [database on-line]

85. Naval Chronicle Vol 3

86. Morning Chronicle 23 January 1817

87. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1861-1941

88. The Morning Post 7 June 1836

89. Morning Chronicle 21st September 1840

90. The Standard 13 December 1845

91.Morning Post 2 October 1849

92.The Colonist 26 February 1835

93. UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857

94. The Morning Chronicle 3 October 1822

95. Ipswich Journal 29 November 1834

96. Inquirer, Perth 4 February 1852

97. The Navy List 1859

98. The Morning Post 5 December 1822

99. The Morning Post 8 September 1829

The Morning Chronicle 13 November 1838

101. The Navy List 1853

102. The Standard 29 June 1855

103. Source Citation: London Metropolitan Archives, Saint Mary At Lambeth, Register of marriages, P85/MRY1, Item 398. Source Information: London, England, Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921

104.The Morning Chronicle 3 October 1822

105. Caledonia Mercury 5 April 1824

106. Caledonia Mercury 5th August 1819

 107. Caledonia Mercury 2 August 1821

108. Hampshire Advertiser 10 July 1847

109.The Morning Chronicle 17 February 1855

110. The Morning Post 2 April 1824

111. The Lancet 22 September 1866

112.A History of New South Wales by Thomas Henry Braim

113.The Australian 14 February 1837

114 Ancestry. New South Wales, Australia, Record of Appointments to Government Offices, 1814-1825 [database on-line]

115 HTG, 22 December 1821

116 SG 23 December 1820

117 Australian Dictionary of Biography

Hobart Town Courier 5 March 1831

120Hobart Town Courier 6 March 1836

121London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 Ancestry

122 .UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811

123 .Copies of letters sent within the Colony, 1814-1825 Item: 4/3495 p 256)

124. The Englishwoman's domestic magazine - Life on board a female convict ship

125. The Standard 28 November 1834

126.Caledonia Mercury 8 December 1836

127.The Standard 27 November 1843

128.The Daily News 22 May 1867

129. Ancestry. 1871 England Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2004

130. Ancestry. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1861-1941 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2010

131. The Mercury, (Hobart) 15 August 1891

132. Morning Post 6 February 1836

133. Royal Cornwall Gazette 1 October 1814

134. Lancaster Gazette 29 October 1814

135. Morning Post 7 November 1814

136. The Ipswich Journal, 19 November 1814

137.Royal Cornwall Gazette 11 November 1815

138. Morning Post 5 January 1824

139. Morning Post 8 January 1824

140. Morning Post 5 April 1824

141. Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine

142. The Morning Post 15 August 1836

143. Hampshire Advertiser 18 January 1845

144. The Morning Post 2 March 1854

145. Dictionary of National Biography Volumes 1 - 20

146. Ancestry. 1861 England Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2004

147. Provincial Medical and Surgical Journal

148. The Standard 22 December 1845

149. The Morning Post 15 May 1867

150. The Standard 17 April 1875

151. Hampshire Telegraph 11 February 1893

152 Naval Chronicle

153 A list of the masters, medical officers, and pursers of his majesty's fleet

154  Medical Times & Gazette

155. Ancestry. England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966 Original data: Principal Probate Registry. Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England. London, England...National Probate Calendar UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857 . Original data: Admiralty and predecessors: Office of the Director General of the Medical Department of the Navy and predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804 bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines, Coastguard, and related bodies. The National Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.

156.Government Gazette 19 January 1839

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