John Bell Squire was proprietor of the Bush Tavern in 1834 and he remained there until 1836.
He had previously (1831) held an auctioneer's license for
Some of the convicts assigned to Squire in the
early 1830's were 28 year old labourer Charles Powell (Nithsdale
1830), 23 year old ploughman John Buss from Sussex (Lady
Harewood 1832) and 17 years old linen draper George Brown
from London (Lady
On leaving the Bush Tavern, John
Bell Squire moved to Warkworth where he established
a farm - successful if it can be judged by the melon he grew
there in 1847 which was four feet round and weighing 66lbs! (13)
Squire worked to establish an annual agricultural show
in the district and as secretary of the Church Committee in
1845, he organised tenders for 40,000 bricks to be supplied for
the Warkworth Church. He sometimes rode his horse into Maitland
to purchase goods. In 1848 he stopped at a public house on his
return journey, leaving his new purchases - calico material,
print, gambroon and tea rolled up and fastened on his horse.
While he was inside the Inn the goods were stolen by John Butler
who later served 12 months in gaol for the theft. (14)
In 1836 The Bush Inn was taken over
by William Bowen who already owned land in the area. He had
leased 830 acres in March 1833 and was granted title deeds to
100 acres of land in December 1835.
The license for the
Inn was transferred to Simeon Cohen in 1837, however William
Bowen remained in the district. He donated land at Anvil Creek
to be used for a church and bred draught horses. Bowen's young
son Thomas, was burned while trying to rescue his companion
whose clothes had caught fire when they were playing near
burning timber opposite the Bush Inn. Thomas was unable to save
his friend , 7 year old William Barndon, who died soon after.
Nearly all the residents of Black Creek attended the funeral of
William Barndon, who was a special favourite in the district.
William Bowen's wife Elizabeth died 16 months later
at Black Creek in December 1848 after a short, painful illness.
Simeon Cohen became innkeeper in 1837 and he
remained until 1840 when the license was taken out by
By 1841 Simeon Cohen had
established an agency in Maitland where he sought patronage from
proprietors and stockholders of the Hunter region. He advertised
to hire servants, ship wool, supply rations, load drays and
transact business in the absence of the principals (17).
Kesteron took over by 1840 and remained until 1844 when he moved
to the Crown Inn at Anvill Creek.
George Lloyd took out
the publican's license for the Bush Inn in 1845. He had
previously been an agent for Captain Bourne Russell and in 1840
had purchased a business from James Kingsbury who was a
wheelwright at Singleton (18). Perhaps a victim of the
depression, by 1842 he was an insolvent storekeeper. (19) His
financial status recovered and by 1845 he was proprietor of the
Bush Inn. He was fined in May and July of 1846 for
selling liquor on Sundays and after hours. (20) (21).
September 1847 George Lloyd attended court in Maitland when
George Harris was put on trial for passing forged cheques.
Harris had given George Lloyd a forged cheque for his
accommodation before disappearing out a window at the Inn in the
early hours of the morning. (22) By the time of the trial George
Lloyd had already left the Inn and the next Innkeeper, Thomas
Raisbeck had taken over.
Thomas Raisbeck was granted a publican's license in April
1847. In July of that year a violent fight took place outside
the Inn when Laurence Cowan, a 'powerful fighting man' succumbed
to provocation from drunken Charles Sandy to fight. Charles
Sandy was seriously injured in the match and Raisbeck was
required to send into Maitland for Dr. Michael McCartney.
Charles Sandy later died.
By June 1848 Thomas Raisbeck had decided to leave the hotel business. He
held a farewell dinner at the Bush Inn that was
attended by many people. However during the dinner a tin box
containing £50 was stolen from Raisbeck's bedroom. Charles
Lappidge was suspected and arrested however was later found not
guilty of the crime. (23)
Thomas Raisbeck took over the
job of pound keeper at Black Creek from Edward Franks who had
The next innkeeper at the Bush Tavern was
Thomas Baldon Cox. Thomas Balden Cox was granted a publicans
license for the Bush Inn in July 1848. He had
previously been innkeeper at the
New Inn at Black Creek,
the Forbes Hotel in
Singleton from 1843 - 1845 and at the
Inn in Day Street East Maitland in 1847. (25)
remained at the Bush Inn until his death in 1854.
In April 1854 John Shanahan was granted the publican's