The Hebe was built at Hull in 1810.
On this voyage in 1820 Joseph Drake was employed as Chief
Officer and W.P. Ellis, Second Officer.
The Guard consisted
of 1 serjeant and 30 rank and file of the 48th regiment commanded by
Lieut. Campbell of the 59th regiment.
Some of the prisoners
who were to be embarked on the Hebe had been incarcerated in Newgate
prison before being transferred to the York Hulk on 5th
June 1820. They remained on the York until 12 July when
they were taken to the Hebe. They joined other convicts
from many areas of England - Somerset, Warwick, Suffolk, York,
Stafford, Hertford, Wiltshire, Berkshire etc., and three who had
been court-martialled in Gibraltar.
The Hebe was
the next convict ship to leave England after the departure of the
Morley in May 1820. The Hebe departed England on 31st July
1820, touched at Rio de Janeiro and remained there 10 days and
arrived at Van Diemen's Land on 31st December 1820 on their way to
Governor Macquarie recorded the arrival of the
Hebe in Port Jackson in his
Sunday 31 Decr.
1820 ! This morning early The Ship Elizabeth
Transport commanded by Capt. Wm. Ostler, arrived in the Harbour from
England, having 171 Male Convicts on board; Mr. Montgomerie R. N.
being the Surgeon Supdt., and the Guard consisting of 30 Soldiers of
the 48th. Regt., commanded by Lieut. Chas. Campbell of the same
Corps. The Elizabeth sailed from England on the 2d. of August last,
having on her Passage touched at Rio de Janeiro. —
P.M. the same day anchored in the Harbour the Ship Hebe Commanded by
Capt. R. Wetherall, with 158 Male Convicts on board from England,
whence She Sailed on the 10th. of August last; Dr. Carter R. N.
being the Surgeon Supdt. – and the Guard, consisting of 1 Serjt. &
30 Men of the 48th. Regt., being Commanded by Lieut. Campbell of the
59th. Regt. The Hebe on her Passage hither touched at Rio, and
remained there for Ten Days. —
Major Frederick Goulburn (a younger Brother of the Under
Secretary of State for the Colonies) the newly appointed Colonial
Secretary has arrived Passenger on board the Ship Hebe. — He has
brought me Dispatches from Earl Bathurst the Secry. of State for the
Colonies, all of a very unpleasant and mortifying nature. I am
however rejoiced to find by those Dispatches that my Resignation of
this Government, sent Home on the 1st. of March last per the Ship
Admiral Cockburn, has at length been accepted – and that I am
promised to be relieved as soon as a Successor can be Selected –
which he is not yet. — I have asked Major Goulburn to live with us,
which he has agreed to do till he can get his affairs arranged. —
The prisoners were landed at Port Jackson on
11th January 1821. With the convicts who arrived on the
they were inspected by His Excellency Governor Lachlan Macquarie,
before being allotted to their various employments in the districts
of Parramatta, Liverpool, Airds and Windsor.
No Surgeon's Journal has survived however a list of articles for
use in case of sickness can be found amongst the Colonial
Secretary's correspondence: Tea, sugar, chocolate, sago, scotch
barley, ginger, black pepper, allspice, red port wine, rice, pearl
barley and lemon juice. Hospital supplies included 9 duck frocks, 9
pairs flannel trousers, 9 flannel waistcoats, 18 pr cotton
hose, 18 pocket handkerchiefs, 18 nightcaps, 18 towels, 16 prs
Charles Carter was also surgeon on the convict
1819 the Arab in 1822 and Sir Godfrey Webster in
The Hebe was intending to
sail for England via Batavia in February 1821. The Asiatic
Journal reported that the Hebe under Captain Maitland (late
Wetherall) arrived in England on 23 January 1822 having been at
Bengal on 25th August and Cape of Good Hope 15th November 1821.
Notes and Links:
1). Amongst the 160 convicts
who arrived on the Hebe was a young man
Charles Cridland, who later settled in the Hunter Valley region
of New South Wales.
Yems came free as a soldier. Later sent to Port Macquarie for a
colonial crime (CSI)
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Hebe in 1820
Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The convict ships,
1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian History, Sydney :