Some of the convicts arriving on the
Westmoreland had been tried and convicted at the Old Bailey and
imprisoned at Newgate before being sent to the hulks.
Select here to find out what it may
have been like to be imprisoned in Newgate in 1835.
Lieut. Charles Ferdinand Hamilton Smith
commanded the Guard. The Freeman's Journal
reported on 27 February 1835 that the first detachment of the
28th regiment at Chatham, consisting of two officers, one
serjeant, two corporals and twenty-six privates, embarked on the
Westmoreland on Saturday 21st February 1835.
Westmoreland departed London on 9th March and Land's End 21st
Charles Inches kept a
Medical Journal from 25 February to 28 July 1835. There were two
fatal cases. The first one was William Walls, a small farmer who was
transported for shooting a man. He had been confined in prison for a
long time and was subject to great depression of spirits from being
separated from his wife and family. He died of pneumonia/ phthisis
on 13th May. The second was Edmund Price who died on 15 July from
complications of scurvy.
|Charles Inches' Journal.......During the latter two or three weeks of the voyage, symptoms
of scurvy began to be observed in a number of the prisoners
of whom one case alone have I particularised in this
journal. It was the most advanced but was readily checked in
progress by increased allowance of lime juice and the use of
preserved meats. Of both these comforts I had fortunately
been sparing in use, during the early part of the passage
which enabled me to be more liberal in their supply to those
cases which really required them and their beneficial
effects were very manifest in putting a stop to the progress
of the disease. Two days before arrival in Sydney the
preserved meats were all expended as well a quantity of ?
which the Master of the ship had procured at the Cape Verdi
and which he kindly allowed to the sick, and had we been a
short time only, later arriving in Sydney, I doubt not this
horrid malady would have speedily extended.
Some of the soldiers mentioned in
Charles Inches' Medical Journal were:
Lieut. Smith aged
Private John Sullivan aged 32;
Private John Draper
Private George McMurray aged 21;
Private Martin Carlton aged 32;
Passengers included Rev. James Wynne, eight soldiers' wives
and fifteen children; Miss Mary Clarke and Miss Margaret Clarke,
who had remained on the Island of St. Jago after the wreck of
the Sir Thomas Munro, by which ship they were passengers.
Westmoreland arrived in Port Jackson on 15 July 1835
with 218 convicts and government stores.
Charles Inches was also employed as surgeon on the convict
ships William Glen Anderson in 1831 (to VDL),
in 1833 and the
Notes and Links:
Westmoreland, Capt. Brigstock previously made a voyage to
New South Wales in 1833. One of the passengers from England,
John Stephen endured a miserable voyage under Capt. Brigstock.
His later appeal to the Courts can be read
here. The Westmoreland departed Port Jackson in July 1833
and passed through the
Great Barrier Reef on on her passage to Calcutta.
John Brigstock served as Midshipman on the
Eurotas under Captain Phillimore in 1814. He was wounded in
the attempt to take the French frigate Clorinde and later
Naval General Service Medal
with clasp "EUROTAS 25 FEBY.
1814" which was given to all still surviving members of Eurotas'
crew that had participated in the action.
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Westmoreland
Convict ships bringing detachments of the 28th regiment included