|The Aberdeen Journal 30 June 1802.....
We are informed by
Lieut. Grant who is lately arrived from New
South Wales, of the flourishing state of that colony. He left
Port Jackson in November last, when the crops were very
luxuriant and beginning to be cut down.
had opened a communication with Otaheite for the purpose of
supplying the colony with pork, in which he had been singularly
The most friendly understanding exists
between the natives of Otaheite and the settlement of New South
Wales. We are happy to hear that the latter country is no longer
in want of a staple commodity, the article of coals, of an
excellent kind, being found in abundance in Hunter's River,
together with plenty of wood, well qualified for the masting of
Mr. Grant made his passage to the Cape of Good
Hope, round Cape Horn, in the brig Anna Josepha, (Hugh
Meehan, master) laden with spars for masts, and
coals, which latter sold immediately at the Cape at 36 rix
dollars per ton (nearly 6 pounds sterling). The above vessel's
top masts, top gallant masts, and yards, were of the wood cut in
Hunter's River, and answered remarkable well. Mr. Grant had thus
an opportunity of being an eye witness of its quality; and that
was more particularly proved from the very heavy weather always
met with in those seas.
Governor King had formed a small
settlement at Hunter's River, for the purpose of working the
coal, which is of the same nature with that of Newcastle.
Mr. Grant entered this River in the Lady Nelson, in
order to obtain the survey of it. He penetrated, in his boats
nearly 70 miles up the same, accompanied by
Lieut-Colonel Patterson, without being
able, at that time, to discover its source. A wood resembling
Fustick had also been found.
Mr. Grant in his passage
from England to Port Jackson in the
Lady Nelson a vessel of only 60 tons burthen, with three
sliding keels was the first that passed through the Straits
which separated Van Diemen's Land from New England, and sailed
along a great extent of coast to the westward of any land before
seen by those who had visited that country, going into no higher
latitude than 39.30 South, and observes that the South Cape of
New Holland lies in 39.2 south. He found the shore he sailed
along bold, with very deep water, wherever he attempted to land;
and, in general, he had with a very moderate offing from 50 to
45 and 30 fathoms water, fine sand, and sometimes shells.
By order of Govern King, he returned into those streights,
and obtained the survey of the coast from Wilson's Promontory to
Western Port, with the survey of that harbour, which is well
sheltered, and capable of containing many sail of shipping.
There is abundance of wood easily to be got, and plenty of
water; though the latter is rather difficult to be procured on
account of the distance and form several shoals lying in the
way, which rendered it necessary to take advantage of the tide.
Mr. Grant gives a very favourable report of that part of the
country. The different surveys obtained in the Lady Nelson were
Ensign Barralier of the New South Wales
corps, who accompanied him for that purpose.
Morning Chronicle 30th August 1803
Yarmouth 27 August
from the Texel his Majesty's hired armed cutter Hawke,
Lieutenant James Grant, which place she left at ten o'clock last
night, with dispatches from Captain Cunningham, Senior Officer
on that station, and Mr. Kennedy, the Purser of the Princess of
Orange, for ships stores. Captain Cunningham had, previous to
the Hawke's leaving the Texel, gone close into that port, and
discovered eleven sail of ships of war, of various descriptions,
rigged and rigging. The Princess of Orange, formerly the
Washington, was so close in as to be discerned by the people
along the coast; a sight no doubt extremely mortifying to the
already miserably humiliated Hollanders - the finest ship the
States could ever boast, employed in blockading a port she was
originally intended to adorn and protect.
account from fishing vessel, neutrals &c., that have been
boarded coming from thence, the Dutch look with much confidence
for delivery from or amelioration under their despotic Gallic
Rulers (whose rapacity is only equalled by their insolence, and
whose acts of violence to levy taxes and issue requisitions,
dare not now even be made a subject of conversation, much more
of discussion) to the general preparations now making in England
Lieutenant Grant, commanding the Hawke, is the same
active and enterprising Officer who, in the Lady Nelson of only
60 tons, constructed by the ingenious and scientific
Captain Schank, performed a voyage to New
South Wales through Van Diemen's Straits, so much to the credit
of himself, and admiration as well as advantage of his country.
Lady Nelson....Click on the image to go the University of Newcastle's
photo stream at Flickr.br>