Henry Nowland and brothers Edward and William Nowland were pioneers of the Hunter region. They were sons of convicts Michael Nowland (per Scarborough 1790) and Elizabeth Richards. The brothers were said to have conveyed the first wheeled vehicle - a bullock dray - over the Liverpool Range. They had several squatting runs in the Liverpool Range district.
In the 1840's the Royal Hotel, situated in Bridge Street, Muswellbrook was owned by Henry Nowland who was the first resident and publican in Muswellbrook.
Henry Nowland also became one of the first Royal Mail contractors in the district and ran a two-horse mail cart three times a week between Singleton, Muswellbrook and Scone for £96 per annum.
He also established the Lady Mary Fitzroy Inn, previously known as the Lady Gipps Inn, at the junction of the Chain of Ponds and Saltwater Creek situated on the old New England Highway at Liddell
Henry Nowland was bailed up by bushrangers early in 1843. The Maitland Mercury reported the robbery:
The Scone and Murrurundi districts are now quiet, since Long Tom was taken; but I believe three armed bushrangers have made their appearance in the Hunter and Cassilis districts. One of them was seen near Muswellbrook, at a place called the Pig Holes; he bailed up Mr. Henry Nowland, the respectable owner of the Royal Hotel, Muswellbrook, took his horse, saddle bags and contents, with about 35s. in money, and then decamped. Mr. Allman, the police magistrate of Muswellbrook, came up directly after the robbery, and at once went in pursuit of the fellow. 
The Maitland Mercury reported the visit of Governor Gipps to Muswellbrook in November 1844....His Excellency, Lady Gipps, and suite,
arrived in Muswellbrook from Singleton, via Jerry's Plains,
on Tuesday, the 29th. an unusual excitement having prevailed among our good folk
here in the expectation of such an extraordinary
event, heightened by the uncertainty as to
whether the illustrious visitor might be expected
by the direct road from Singleton, or by way
of Jerry's Plains. At about six p.m., he arrived
by the latter road, having been met a considerable distance from the township by a
numerous and highly respectable body of
gentlemen, by whom he was escorted to the
Royal Hotel, Mr. Nowland's ; who by the bye,
deserves great credit for the superior manner in
which he was able to entertain his Excellency,
notwithstanding it had been understood that
he intended to sleep that night at Aberdeen,
seven miles off. 
Henry Nowland died at his residence in March 1863 aged 66 years and his wife Harriet (nee Farlow) took over the running of the Hotel.
Notes and Links
A Meeting of the committee appointed to prepare a petition for the incorporation of the town of Muswellbrook was held at Mrs. Nowland's Royal Hotel on Monday 2nd August 1869...... Maitland Mercury 3 August 1869