Voyage 176 days
Surgeon's Journal - No
Cornwallis arrived 12 June 1801
arrived 14 December 1801
Master William Wilkinson.
|The Canada was built in
Newcastle, England in 1801 and owned by F & T. Hurry. She
carried 10 guns and a crew of 32 men. She brought convicts to
Australia in 1801,
Canada arrived in Portsmouth 20th May 1801 and departed
Spithead in convoy with the
Nile and the
21st June 1801. She sailed via Rio de Janeiro, and arrived in
Port Jackson on 14 December 1801 with 101 male prisoners.
Free passengers arriving on the Canada included six
male passengers including James Blackman and sons James junior,
Samuel, William and John; George Morrison, Charles Webb, William
Small and Silaus Jenkins; 12 female passengers including Mary
Pitt and 11 children.
James Blackman later became Superintendent of Agriculture at
Castle Hill (early 1800's); District Constable at Richmond;
Principal Superintendent of Government Stock; Chief Constable at
Bathurst, November 1825 (1)
formed the military guard and were accompanied by three women
and children. Cargo brought by the Canada included 7 boxes of
sugar, 3 cases shoes; 20 hams; cheese; cutlery, 2 cases toys, 4
pipes port wine; 2 parcels of whips; 15 pipes of rum; paint and
oil; 3 puncheons coffee; a chest of haberdashery; 60 rolls
tobacco; 2 boxes perfumery; mustard; silk; gin; corks; 15
barrels tar and a roll of green table cloths.
Hardy Vaux arrived in the colony on the
He mentioned the Canada in his Memoirs: -
In May 1801, after an almost fatal attack of the gaol fever,
his father, mother, and sisters took a final leave of him, and
he was removed to Gravesend, and put on board the Minorca
transport, which lay there with the Canada and Nile bound to
Port Jackson. We dare say it will be new to the majority of our
readers to learn how persons in this situation are treated ; and
as the subject has just been raised in the House of Commons, it
acquires greater importance. ......... 'Having entered the ship,
we were all indiscriminately stripped (according to
indispensable custom,) and were saluted with several buckets of
salt-water, thrown over our heads by a boatswain's-mate. After
undergoing this watery ordeal, we were compelled to put on a
suit of slop-clothing. Our own apparel, though good in kind,
being thrown overboard. We were then double-ironed, and put
between -decks, where we selected such births, for sleeping, &c.
as each thought most eligible. The next day, we received on
board forty-six more prisoners from the Hulks at Woolwich, and
the Canada fifty. The Nile also took on board one hundred women,
from the different gaols in Great Britain. The three ships then
sailed for Spithead where, on our arrival, the Minorca and
Canada had their numbers augmented, from the Hulks at
Portsmouth, to one hundred men each. Every thing being now in
readiness, we only waited for the convoy to assemble, with which
we were to proceed to a certain latitude. - Literary
Gazette - From the Memoirs of James Hardy Vaux
Governor King in correspondence to the Transport Commissioners
in February 1802 reported that the convicts of the Canada,
Nile and Minorca transports were paid great
attention by the Masters of those ships and all were landed in
high health and fit for immediate labour.
correspondence to the Duke of Portland Governor King noted that
the indents of the convicts of the Canada and Nile
were not sent in the ships. Of the settlers he remarked that
some of them had settled and situations were being sought for
the rest however ....I fear many of them will prove of the
description of those mentioned in my despatch sent by way of
China. Every means shall be used to make them useful to
themselves, and as little as possible burthensome to the public.(2)
The Canada departed Port Jackson bound for
China on 6th February 1802.
1). Colonial Artist John
Eyre was transported on the Canada. The
State Library of NSW has a display of some of the art work
of John Eyre.......... John Eyre was sentenced to seven years’
transportation for housebreaking and arrived in Sydney in 1801.
After three years in the colony, he received a conditional
pardon and began work as an artist soon afterwards. He created
naval charts for Governor Bligh and was also employed in more
mundane artistic tasks, including painting numbers on the sides
of buildings and painting offices.
here to find other convict artists.
Ralph Summers arrived as a convict on the Canada
having been tried at Lancaster in January 1797. He was later
sent to Newcastle penal settlement for a colonial crime.
3). National Archives UK - Voyages: (1) 1800/1 New South
Wales and China. Capt William Wilkinson. Portsmouth 21 May 1801
- 28 Aug Rio de Janeiro - 14 Dec Port Jackson - 28 Apr 1802
Whampoa - 22 May Second Bar - 4 Oct Timor - 22 Dec St Helena - 8
Mar 1803 Long Reach. (2) From China 1811. Capt B Ward. Bocca
Tigris 25 Feb 1811 - 25 Mar Macao 2 Apr - 23 Jul St Helena - 2
Oct Long Reach.
4). Isaac Mason who arrived free on
the Canada was employed as Clerk in St. James Parish in
5). Five convict ships arrived in New South
Wales in 1801 - Anne, Earl Cornwallis, Canada, Minorca
6). Joseph Samuel was tried at the
Old Bailey on 20 May 1795 and sentenced to 7 years
transportation. He was 14 years old. David Dickenson Mann refers
to him in The Present Picture of New South Wales in 1811....
In the month of September (1803), Joseph Samuels, who
had been convicted of a burglary, was three times suspended: the
rope first broke, in a very singular manner, in the middle, and
the suffering criminal fell prostrate on the ground; on the
second attempt, the cord unrove at the fastening, and he again
came to the ground; a third trial was attended with no better
success, for at the moment when he was launched off, the cord
again snapped in twain. Thomas Smyth, esq. the provost-marshal,
taking compassion on his protracted sufferings, stayed the
further progress of the execution, and rode immediately to the
governor, to whom he feelingly represented these extraordinary
circumstances, and his excellency was pleased to extend his
majesty's mercy. Samuels was afterwards transported to another
settlement, in consequence of his continuance in his dishonest
career, and has subsequently lost his life on the coast, in
making an attempt to escape from the colony.
the attempted execution in the
Read more about Joseph Samuel's failed
attempt to escape from the colony in 1806
Colonial Secretary's Index
(2) HRA, Series 1 Vol.
III p. 404