- Loss of crops and stock over the previous four months due to floods at Hawkesbury.
- Muster (Census) taken.
- John Murray transferred from the Porpoise to the Lady Nelson.
- Ticket of leave system introduced by Governor King
- Arrival of convict ship Anne
from Cork. Hunter Valley Bushranger John Fitzgerald
convict arrived on the Anne
- Flood at the Hawkesbury
- Survey of coast near Western Port by Lieutenant James Grant
- Charles Grimes
appointed Acting Surveyor General of N.S.W
- A silver snuff box was presented to Governor King by Lieut. Grant to mark King George III's birthday. - National Museum of Australia
- Memorandum to Colonel Paterson and Lieutenant Grant
from Governor King regarding information to be collected at Hunter River
- Arrival of convict ship Earl Cornwallis
from England under Master James Tennent master. Surgeon John Dight
- Lieutenant Grant and John Harris
disembarked at Coal Island (Nobbys) and raised the new Union on top of the island
- Lady Nelson taken round Pirate Point
to the small bay with fresh water named by Colonel Paterson Freshwater Bay.
- James Grant and Colonel Paterson examine Ash Island
- Colonel Paterson sights natives in the distance at Hunter River
- Francis Barralier
and Mr. Grant sound the entrance to the Hunter river
- Description of coal at Newcastle
written by Lieutenant-Colonel Paterson to Governor King, 25 June 1801
- Colonel William Paterson
, John Harris
and Mr. Lewin take excursion of seven days using launch and small boat belonging to Mr. Harris
- Exploration party proceed about 14 miles up Hunter river
- Colonel Paterson's party arrive at Schank's Plains (Maitland)
- Heavy showers at Hunter River.
- Settlement established at Coal River (Newcastle) under Corporal John Wixtead
. - Early Convict Coal Miners
- Departure from Portsmouth of Matthew Flinders in the Investigator (formerly Zenophon). Under the recommendation of Sir Joseph Banks, the Investigator was said to admirably fitted out and manned with specially selected men who were distinguished by a glazed hat decorated with a globe and the name of the ship in letters of gold. (Ipswich Journal 27 June 1801)
- Female orphan School established in the former residence of Lieut. Kent, George St. Sydney. Formally opened on this day.
- Duel between John Macarthur and Colonel William Paterson
- Fustic had been discovered at the Hunter River. In September 1801 Governor King issued an order prohibiting any trees of that kind to be cut down without written permission of government. King sent samples to the Duke of Portland stating that although the trees were small they appeared to yield excellent dye. Samples were also sent to Sir Joseph Banks, however it was very cheap to obtain from the West Indies and it was doubted whether there was any commercial potential from the Hunter River fustic. (Fustic produced a very fine yellow dye)
- Return to England on the Hunter, of John Macarthur
- Departure of Earl Cornwallis, Capt. Tennent for Bengal
- Departure from the Colony of Lieutenant James Grant.
- Blankets made at Parramatta gaol from locally produced wool.
- Arrival of the convict ship Minorca
- James Hardy Vaux
and surgeon William Redfern
convicts on board
- Arrival of the convict ship Canada
. Master William Wilkinson. Surgeon John Kelly
- Arrival of convict ship Nile
. Master James Sunter. Convict Margaret Catchpole arrived on the Nile.