Colonial Events 1801
JanuaryLoss of crops and stock over the previous four months due to floods at Hawkesbury.
JanuaryMuster (Census) taken.
FebruaryJohn Murray transferred from the Porpoise to the Lady Nelson.
FebruaryTicket of leave system introduced by Governor King
February 21Arrival of convict ship Anne from Cork. Hunter Valley Bushranger John Fitzgerald convict arrived on the Anne
March 2Flood at the Hawkesbury
MarchSurvey of coast near Western Port by Lieutenant James Grant.
April 13Charles Grimes appointed Acting Surveyor General of N.S.W
June 4A silver snuff box was presented to Governor King by Lieut. Grant to mark King George III's birthday. - National Museum of Australia.
June 9Memorandum to Colonel Paterson and Lieutenant Grant from Governor King regarding information to be collected at Hunter River
The expedition to Hunter River included Lieut-Colonel Paterson, Lieut. James Grant, J. Murray, R.N., Ensign Barralier, George Cayley and Dr. John Harris. After the Francis returned to Sydney with a small cargo of coal, artist John William Lewin joined the expedition.
June 12Arrival of convict ship Earl Cornwallis from England under Master James Tennent master. Surgeon John Dight
June 14Lieutenant Grant and John Harris disembarked at Coal Island (Nobbys) and raised the new Union on top of the island
June 15Lady Nelson taken round Pirate Point to the small bay with fresh water named by Colonel Paterson Freshwater Bay.
JuneJames Grant and Colonel Paterson examined Ash Island
June 19Colonel Paterson sights natives in the distance at Hunter River
June 22Francis Barralier and Mr. Grant sound the entrance to the Hunter river
25 JuneDescription of coal at Newcastle written by Lieutenant-Colonel Paterson to Governor King, 25 June 1801
June 29Colonel William Paterson, John Harris and Mr. Lewin take excursion of seven days using launch and small boat belonging to Mr. Harris
June 30Exploration party proceed about 14 miles up Hunter river
July 1Colonel Paterson's party arrive at Schank's Plains (Maitland)
July 9Heavy showers at Hunter River.
JulySettlement established at Coal River (Newcastle) under Corporal John Wixtead . - Early Convict Coal Miners
July 18Departure from Portsmouth of Matthew Flinders in the Investigator (formerly Zenophon). Under the recommendation of Sir Joseph Banks, the Investigator was said to admirably fitted out and manned with specially selected men who were distinguished by a glazed hat decorated with a globe and the name of the ship in letters of gold. (Ipswich Journal 27 June 1801).
Robert Brown was appointed botanist on the Investigator by Sir Joseph Banks
August 17Female orphan School established in the former residence of Lieut. Kent, George St. Sydney. Formally opened on this day.
September 14Duel between John Macarthur and Colonel William Paterson
September 20Fustic had been discovered at the Hunter River. In September 1801 Governor King issued an order prohibiting any trees of that kind to be cut down without written permission of government. King sent samples to the Duke of Portland stating that although the trees were small they appeared to yield excellent dye. Samples were also sent to Sir Joseph Banks, however it was very cheap to obtain from the West Indies and it was doubted whether there was any commercial potential from the Hunter River fustic. (Fustic produced a very fine yellow dye)
SeptemberReturn to England on the Hunter, of John Macarthur
October 4Departure of Earl Cornwallis, Capt. Tennent for Bengal
NovemberDeparture from the Colony of Lieutenant James Grant.
DecemberBlankets made at Parramatta gaol from locally produced wool.
December 14Arrival of the convict ship Minorca - James Hardy Vaux and surgeon William Redfern convicts on board
December 14Arrival of the convict ship Canada. Master William Wilkinson. Surgeon John Kelly
December 14Arrival of convict ship Nile. Master James Sunter. Convict Margaret Catchpole arrived on the Nile.